3.4 Organising Digestion Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 3.4 Organising Digestion Deck (21):
1

Oesophagus

Muscular tube which moves food towards your stomach

2

Stomach

Muscular organ that breaks down proteins

3

Duodenum

Part of the intestines between the stomach and small intestine

4

Small intestine

Organ with a lining with a big surface area to take up particles and nutrients

5

Intestinal juice

Digestive juice with enzymes for nutrients

6

Large intestine

Organ that takes up water

7

Rectum

Organ that stores the unused parts of your food

8

Anus

Circular muscle at the end of the digestive tract

9

Salivary glands

Organs that produce saliva

10

Gland

Organ that produces a hormone/fluid

11

Liver

Organ that breaks down toxic substances, stores carbohydrates, fats and produces bile

12

Gallbladder

Organ that stores bile

13

Pancreas

Organ that creates pancreatic juice to break down proteins, carbohydrates and fats

14

Peristalsis

Muscular motion caused by circular muscles in the digestive tract to transport food

15

Pylorus

Circular muscle at the end if the stomach that controls the amount of food going to the intestines

16

Gastric juice

Digestive juice made by the stomach to break down proteins and to kill bacteria

17

Bile

Juice to split up fats

18

Emulsification

Splitting up fat molecules by adding a detergent

19

Villi

Finger-like structures at the inner lining of the small intestine

20

Hepatic portal vein

Vein that connects the intestines with the liver

21

Faeces

Solid waste from the digestive tract that is removed through the anus