Flashcards in 3.3.12 - Learn How To Use Reflexive Verbs In The Passé Composé Deck (42):
to have fun
to be named, to "call oneself"
to go away, to "get out of here"
to fall asleep
to get dressed
se brosser (les dents, les cheveux, etc...)*
to brush (teeth, hair, etc..)
to go to bed
to wash oneself, to get washed up
to get up
to comb (one's hair)
to take / go for / go on a walk
se rendre compte (de)
to wake up
to care of oneself
se souvenir (de)
*When you use a reflexive verb followed by a body part, do you use the definite article of the indefinite article in front of it?
You use the definite article in front of a body part preceded by a reflexive verb
**Which is more widely used in France: "se doucher" or "prendre une douche" ?
prendre une douche
What is a reflexive verb?
a verb that expresses an action that people are doing to themselves
What do most reflexive verbs have to do with?
Most have to do with what people do to take care of themselves as part of their daily routine (brushing their own hair, washing their own body, etc)
When using reflexive verbs we need to put the word their in our sentence to convey that someone is doing it to themself. True or False?
False. The "se" part of the verb shows that someone is doing it to themself. Therefore, "their" is not needed
What does "se" change into to agree with the subject?
je = me nous = nous
tu = te vous = vous
il/elle/on = se ils/elles = se
What are the forms of "se" in order of subject.
me, te, se, nous, vous, se
In the passé composé, which helping verb do reflexive verbs use?
Reflexive verbs use être in the passé composé.
Do reflexive verbs need to agree with the subject in the passé composé?
Yes, because anything that uses être must agree with the subject. Just like all the other VANDERTRAMPP verbs.
Does the reflexive pronoun come before or after the form of être?
BEFORE. In the passé composé, the reflexive pronoun comes before the form of être.
What is the special case where the past participle doesn't need to agree with the subject?
If there is a body part mentioned it doesn't need to agree. (or if any other direct object is mentioned)
Elle s’est lavée. BUT Elle s’est lavé la figure.
She got washed up. She washed her face.
When in english the words "my" or "their" are in front of a body part, in french what do we put in front of that body part?
We just put a definite article because the reflexive pronoun makes that clear.
Translate: Je me suis brossé les dents.
I brushed my teeth.
Translate: Ils se sont lavé les cheveux.
They washed their hair.
Where do you put ne... pas to make a reflexive verb negative?
Ne... pas goes around the conjugated verb so ne... pas goes around BOTH PARTS of the reflexive verb. ne me couche pas
Where does ne... pas go to make a reflexive verb negative in the passé composé?
Ne... pas goes around reflexive pronoun and être. Je ne me suis pas.
Why does the placement of ne pas in the passe compose with reflexive verbs make sense.
It makes sense because ne.. pas only goes around the conjugated part and in the passe compose the main verb part has the same past tense form the whole time so it isn't really conjugated.
No matter how complicated the sentence gets the "ne" always comes where in the sentence.
The "ne" is always the second piece in the sentence, right after the subject.
In the passe compose, if you want to use a reflexive verb that shows the action is being performed to something other than oneself what changes?
A reflexive verb can be NON-reflexive (the action is performed for another person or thing) and what changes is in the passe compose, is it will use avoir and we don't have to worry about agreement.
Translate to French:
She got washed up (she "washer herself")
She washed the car.
We got dressed (We "dressed ourselves")
We dressed the children.
Elle s’est lavée.
Elle a lavé la voiture.
Nous nous sommes habillés.
Nous avons habillé les enfants.