4/14 Written Quiz Flashcards Preview

German Diction > 4/14 Written Quiz > Flashcards

Flashcards in 4/14 Written Quiz Deck (17)
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1

What are the four connecting elements for a compound word?

e, en, er, es

2

What is a glottal stop?

The brief stoppage of air before articulating a following vowel.

3

When do you use a glottal stop?

Before every word beginning with a vowel

4

Examples of words with a glottal stop:

austragen
Amme
erste

5

What German words are capitalized?

Nouns

6

Rules for what to write for a ch

[ç] after an i, e, consonant, or any umlaut
[X] after a, o u, and au

7

How do you pronounce an Eszett?

[s]

8

How is a vowel before an Eszett pronounced?

long and closed

9

How is a vowel before ss pronounced?

short and open

10

When do you use an Eszett?

1. At the end of a word or element.
2. Before a consonant
3. Intervocalically after a long vowel

11

What are the rules for how to IPA 'ig'?

at the end of a word or before a consonant - [Iç]
before a vowel - [Ig]
before a syllable ending in the sound [ç] - [Ik]

12

When is a consonant voiced?

1. Before a vowel in the same element
2. Before l or r in the same element

13

When is a consonant unvoiced?

1. At the end of a word or element
2. Before a consonant

14

When is a vowel long and closed?

1. Before h
2. When doubled
3. Before a single consonant

15

When is a vowel short and open?

When followed by more than one consonant

16

What is the rule for when to flip an r?

Generally when it stands before a vowel

17

What are some situations in which a vowel might be long and closed before two consonants?

1. Before a consonant cluster in one element (br, fr, fl...)
2. In compound words
3. Prefixes
4. Before st in Wüste
5. Before ch in höchst