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Flashcards in 4 Psych Deck (41):
1

Phase of addiction: There is a "need" to take drug. Looking normal requires effort.

prodromal

2

Phase of addiction: memory, problem-solving, psychomotor skill impairment

chronic

3

Phase of addiction: can control whether or not to take drug, but cannot control the amount taken

crucial

4

Phase of addiction: can no longer rationalize. Defeat, demotivation, tremors are alleviate through drug intake.

chronic

5

Estimated # of drug addicts in world

190M
140M = weed
3M = amphetamine

6

Profile of Filipino drug user: age

24-29 (26)

7

Profile of Filipino drug user: sex

MALE:female
11:1

8

Profile of Filipino drug user: civil status

single 55%

9

Profile of Filipino drug user: birth order

eldest

10

Profile of Filipino drug user: family size

3-4 siblings

11

Profile of Filipino drug user: income

middle class

12

Profile of Filipino drug user: drugs used

shabu, marijuana

13

Criteria (at least one required) for classification of drug ABUSE

1) failure to fulfill major obligations
2) physically hazardous
3) related legal problems
4) persistent social problems

14

Criteria (at least 3 required) for classification of drug dependence

1) tolerance
2) withdrawal
3) increased usage/dosage over time
4) unsuccessful quitting
5) great deal of time to obtain or use or recover
6) important activities given up

15

Response to known, definite threat. Immediate alarm reaction to danger.

Fear

16

Response to unknown threat, internal, vague.

anxiety

17

Starting from baseline, as anxiety increases the ability to PERFORM:

increases until optimal point

past optimal point PERFORMANCE DECLINES

18

Part of anxiety continuum where perceptual fields increased, increased levels of energy. Productivity, growth, creativity.

mild anxiety

19

Part of anxiety continuum where periphery is blocked out. Selective inattention.

moderate anxiety

20

Part of anxiety continuum where personality is disorganized, totally out of control. Unable to perform tasks, even with direction.

panic

21

Part of anxiety continuum where focus is only on a specific detail. Learning, problem-solving IMPOSSIBLE

severe anxiety

22

All anxiety disorders are more common in women except for

OCD

23

Childhood and adolescent onsets are likely in ALL anxiety disorders except

panic disorder

24

Half of patients with this have at least one relative with the same disorder

panic disorder

25

4% of intrinsic variability of anxiety within general population is due to a polymorphic variant of the gene for:

serotonin transporter

less transporter = MORE anxiety

26

Three main NTs in anxiety

NE
5-HT
GABA

27

Part of brain with central role in anxiety

amygdala

28

Brain structure that specialized in encoding information

hippocampus

29

Brain stem nucleus that maintains close communications with amydala

locus coeruleus

30

Neuroimaging studies on PTSD people (war, incest, etc) have this feature

smaller hippocampus

31

Hyperactivity of amygdala is seen in these

combat veteran with PTSD who listen to recordings that remind them of worst memories

32

Conditioned response to a specific environmental stimulus

Behavioral theory of anxiety

33

Anxiety results from irrational beliefs.

Cognitive theory of anxiety

34

Id and superego in conflict produces anxiety

Psychoanalytic theory of anxiety

35

Person experiences feelings of living in a purposeless universe. Anxiety is the response to perceived void in existence and meaning.

existential theory of anxiety

36

Prominent features of this anxiety component:
exaggerated worries and fears

cognition

37

Prominent features of this anxiety component:
avoidance of feared situations
checking
seeking reassurance

behavior

38

Prominent features of this anxiety component:
anxiety, irritability

emotion and mood

39

Prominent features of this anxiety component:
tight chest, shortness of breath, Prominent features of this anxiety component:
palpitation, butterflies, tremors

somatic

40

Feeling of dying, going crazy, losing control.
Escapist behavior.
Sympathetic arousal.

panic disorder

41

True or False: Agoraphobics may leave home with trusted friend

True