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Flashcards in 4.0 Rules and Classifications Deck (13)
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1
Q

The 1855 classification ranked wines in what regions?

A

The Médoc and Sauternes

2
Q

What French ruler commisioned the 1855 classification?

A

Napoleon III

3
Q

True or False

The rankings in the 1855 classification applied to specific vineyards, elevating the best land to 1st Growth status.

A

False

The rankings applied to specific producers, regardless of the land they owned. If a 1st Growth chateau acquired more land, the new land would be given 1st Growth status.

4
Q

What is the only chateau to have its ranking in the 1855 classification changed?

A

Mouton-Rothschild, when it was elevated to 1st Growth status in 1973.

5
Q

What is the name of the chateau that was ranked Superior First Growth in the 1855 classification?

A

Chateau D’Yquem in Sauternes

6
Q

The 1953 classification applied to wines from what region?

A

Graves, specifically Pessac-Leognan

7
Q

What is the only chateau to belong to two classifications?

A

Haut-Brion - 1st growth from 1855, and Cru Classé de Graves for Red and White from 1953

8
Q

What are the three classifications for wines from Saint Émilion?

A

Premiere Grand Cru Classé A

Premiere Grand Cru Classé B

Grand Cru Classé

9
Q

How often are classifications from Saint Émilion updated?

A

Every 10 years.

10
Q

When was the original classification of Cru Borgeois introduced?

A

The Bordeaux Chamber of Commerce and the Gironde Chamber of Agriculture first assembled a list of 444 “superior” chateau in 1932. However, this ranking wasn’t officially recognized until 2003.

11
Q

Why was the first official Cru Bourgeois classification annulled?

A

In 2009, the Administrative Court of Appeal of Bordeaux annulled the classification because the believed one cannot judge something in which one has an interest.

12
Q

When did the current modern system of Cru Bourgeois begin?

A

The procedure for approval was authorized in 2009 and the first rankings were published in September 2010.

13
Q

How often are Cru Bourgeois classifications updated?

A

Every year.