Flashcards in 411 Notes Deck (39)
What are some words to describe lesions?
Shape (round, oval, etc)
Macule (flat) or papular (raised)
Scaly or smooth
Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo
Common in elderly
From displaced otolith
Diagnose using Dix-Hallpike maneuver
Treat with Epley's maneuver
How long does it take for hypothyroidism drugs to kick in?
4 main classes of BP drugs
Ca channel blockers
2 medications used for induction of ovulation
Clomiphene (classic exam q)
Letrozol (but not the exam answer)
Decreased kidney function causes an increased risk for...
What do you need to avoid when on metformin?
Advil (only tylenol!!)
Normal value for glycosylated hemoglobin (A1C)
If they are elderly then under 8
Side effects of iron supplements
Turns stool black**
How do you need to take iron?
On an empty stomach
With citrus ideally (low pH for absorption)
What drug is used to treat strep throat?
How do you see specialists in BC?
Need referral from a family doc
Expires after 6 months
Good so that you make sure you see that patient again
When do we start doing Pap tests?
25 years old
Satellite lesions usually point to what kind of rash?
Tamiflu (oseltamivir) protects against what strain of influenza
A and B
Only one that does this
What does aspirin protect against
In men: heart attacks (start at 45)
In women: strokes (start at 50)
If diabetic, start about 5-10 years earlier
Also prevents colon cancer
Tennis elbow vs golfer's elbow
Tennis elbow is lateral epicondylitis
Golfer's elbow is medial epicondylitis
Ear infections in children vs adults
Children get otitis media because their eustachian tubes are more horizontal (so stagnant fluid in the middle ear)
Adults get otitis externa (infection of the eustachian tube)
If a patient complains of chest pain, what 2 tests do you NEED to order
EKG and troponin test
Present as one-sided headaches with leakage from eyes and nose from that side
They are in regular intervals (ex: on for 5 days, off for 30)
Go away immediately with oxygen therapy
Internal vs external hemorrhoids
Internal are above the pectinate lines, no pain
External are below the pectinate lines, do have pain and bleed
How do you avoid swelling in pregnant women in their lower extremities?
Sleep on their LEFT side
Stops the inferior vena cava from being compressed
What's important about the pharmacology of adivan?
Its a benzodiazepine
Cannot stop it abruptly because of the withdrawal symptoms (seizure, coma, death)
What is a problem with CT contrast?
Can cause nephropathy
Have to check kidney function before ordering it
3 side effects from birth control
Where is the most common cause of fracture in the foot
Slower to heal because it has different blood supply
How can you tell between gout and rheumatoid arthritis
Gout is usually monoarthritis
Rheumatoid is polyarthritis
What medication will give you a false negative for H pylori
Proton pump inhibitors
Common cause of bilateral leg pain