漢検5級 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 漢検5級 Deck (821):
1

異常

いじょう

strangeness, abnormality, disorder

2

異同

いどう

difference

3

異論

いろん

different opinion, objection

4

奇異

きい

odd, strange, wonderful

5

遺棄

いき

abandonment, desertion

6

遺産

いさん

inheritance, bequest, legacy, heritage

7

遺志

いし

dying wish

8

遺失物

いしつぶつ

lost article

9

遺族

いぞく

bereaved family

10

遺伝

いでん

heredity, inherent

11

遺品

いひん

articles of the deceased, article left by the deceased, things that belonged to the deceased

12

遺言

ゆいごん

צוואה

13

音域

おんいき

singing range, register

14

宇宙船

うちゅうせん

space ship

15

堂宇

どうう

edifice, temple, hall

16

上映

じょうえい

screening (a movie), showing

17

夕映え

ゆうばえ

sunset glow

18

日延べ

ひのべ

postponement, adjournment

19

延着

えんちゃく

delayed arrival

20

沿海

えんかい

coast, shore, inshore, coastal waters

21

沿革

えんかく

history, development

22

沿線

えんせん

along railway line

23

沿道

えんどう

route, course, roadside

24

海沿い

うみぞい

coastlands

25

異国

いこく

Foreign coutry

26

気宇

きう

breadth of mind, grandiose

27

沿う

そう

run alongside, follow along, run along, lie along

28

我流

がりゅう

self-taught, one's own way

29

自我

じが

self, the ego

30

彼我

ひが

self and others, this and that, both sides, oneself and one's opponent, he and I

31

我に返る

われにかえる

to come to one's senses、to calm down

32

石灰

せっかい

lime, quicklime, caustic lime

33

火山灰

かざんばい

volcanic ash

34

拡散

かくさん

scattering, diffusion, spread (e.g. signal across the spectrum)

35

拡声器

かくせいき

megaphone, bullhorn, loudhailer

36

軍拡

ぐんかく

military expansion, expansion of armaments

37

革新

かくしん

reform, innovation

38

皮革

ひかく

leather, hide

39

革靴

かわぐつ

leather shoes, leather boots

40

閣議

かくぎ

cabinet meeting

41

閣僚

かくりょう

cabinet ministers

42

組閣

そかく

formation of a cabinet

43

天守閣

てんしゅかく

castle tower, keep, donjon

44

内閣

ないかく

cabinet, (government) ministry

45

割愛

かつあい

omitting, leaving out, sparing、giving something up reluctantly

46

割拠

かっきょ

holding one's ground, defending local authority

47

時間を割く

じかんをさく

to spare time (for)

48

株価

かぶか

stock prices

49

株券

かぶけん

stock certificate

50

株主

かぶぬし

shareholder, stockholder

51

切り株

きりかぶ

stump, stubble

52

株分け

かぶわけ

Root division

53

干害

かんがい

drought disaster, drought damage

54

干潮

かんちょう

low tide, low water, ebb

55

干満

かんまん

ebb and flow

56

若干

じゃっかん

some, few, a number of, a little (bit)

57

干し草

ほしくさ

hay, dry grass

58

干物

ひもの

dry provisions, dried food, dried goods, groceries

59

巻頭

かんとう

opening page of book, beginning of an essay

60

巻末

かんまつ

end of a book

61

圧巻

あっかん

highlight, best part, masterpiece

62

全巻

ぜんかん

the whole reel, the whole volume, the complete set

63

看過

かんか

connivance, shutting one's eyes to

64

看守

かんしゅ

jailer, gaoler

65

簡易

かんい

simplicity, convenience, easiness, quasi-

66

簡潔

かんけつ

brevity, conciseness, simplicity

67

簡便

かんべん

handy, simple and easy

68

危害

きがい

injury, harm, danger

69

危うく

あやうく

barely, narrowly

70

机辺

きへん

near a desk

71

揮発性

きはつせい

volatility

72

指揮

しき

command, direction

73

発揮

はっき

exhibition, demonstration, show, display, manifestation

74

貴社

きしゃ

your company

75

貴族

きぞく

noble, aristocrat

76

貴重

きちょう

precious, valuable

77

高貴

こうき

high class, noble

78

騰貴

とうき

rise (in price or value), inflation, appreciation (economic)

79

疑念

ぎねん

doubt, suspicion, misgivings, scruples

80

半信半疑

はんしんはんぎ

half in doubt, half-convinced, dubious, incredulous

81

吸引

きゅういん

absorption, suction, aspiration, attraction

82

吸収

きゅうしゅう

absorption, suction, attraction

83

吸着

きゅうちゃく

adsorption, attachment, adhesion, sorption

84

呼吸

こきゅう

breath, respiration

85

吸い物

すいもの

clear broth soup, with ingredients and garnish floating in and on it

86

自供

じきょう

confession

87

供物

くもつ

offering

88

供養

くよう

memorial service for the dead, holding a service

89

胸囲

きょうい

chest measurement

90

胸中

きょうちゅう

one's heart, one's mind, one's intentions

91

度胸

どきょう

courage, bravery, pluck, nerve, grit, guts

92

胸板

むないた

breast, chest

93

胸騒ぎ

むなさわぎ

uneasiness, vague apprehension, premonition

94

郷土

きょうど
native place, birth-place, one's old home

95

郷里

きょうり

birth-place, home town

96

帰郷

ききょう

homecoming, return to one's home

97

故郷

こきょう

home town, birthplace, native place, one's old home

98

同郷

どうきょう

same village, same town, same province

99

郷士

ごうし

country samurai

100

近郷

きんごう

neighboring districts, neighbouring districts, countryside

101

在郷

ざいごう

hometown, rural districts

102

勤勉

きんべん

diligent, industrious

103

勤務

きんむ

service, duty, work

104

勤行

ごんぎょう

religious service (usu. Buddhist)

105

筋骨

きんこつ

muscles (sinews) and bones, structure

106

筋肉

きんにく

muscle, sinew

107

鉄筋

てっきん

rebar, (concrete) iron reinforcing bar

108

筋道

すじみち

reason, logic, thread, method, system

109

大筋

おおすじ

outline, summary

110

道筋

みちすじ

path, route, itinerary

111

筋書き

すじかき

synopsis, outline, plot

112

系図

けいず

family tree, pedigree, genealogy

113

系統

けいとう

system、lineage, ancestry, family line、group (e.g. of colors) (colours), family (e.g. of languages), party, school (of thought)

114

系列

けいれつ

series, sequence, system, order of succession

115

体系

たいけい

system, organization, organisation, architecture

116

敬服

けいふく

admiration, great admiration

117

表敬

ひょうけい

courtesy

118

敬う

うやまう

to show respect, to honour, to honor

119

望郷

ぼうきょう

Homesickness

120

郷士

ごうし

Squire

121

警戒

けいかい

vigilance, precaution, watch, lookout, alertness

122

警官

けいかん

policeman

123

警報

けいほう

alarm, warning

124

激化

げきか

intensification, aggravation

125

激戦

げきせん

fierce battle, hard-fought battle, hot contest, severe fight

126

激動

げきどう

terrible shock, agitation, upheaval

127

過激

かげき

extreme, radical

128

感激

かんげき

deep emotion, impression, inspiration

129

刺激

しげき

stimulus, impetus, incentive, encouragement, motivation, provocation, excitement, thrill

130

穴居

けっきょ

cave dwelling, troglodytism

131

穴場

あなば

little-known good place, good out-of-the-way place, well-kept-secret place, hole-in-the-wall

132

節穴

ふしあな

bad eyes

133

横穴

よこあな

cave, tunnel

134

絹布

けんぷ

silk, silk cloth

135

人絹

じんけん

rayon, artificial silk

136

絹糸

きぬいと

silk thread

137

絹地

きぬじ

silk fabrics

138

薄絹

うすぎぬ

veil (mystery)、thin or light silk, sheer silk

139

権威

けんい

authority, power, influence

140

権力

けんりょく

(political) power, authority, influence

141

人権

じんけん

human rights, civil liberties

142

権化

ごんげ

incarnation, avatar

143

権現

ごんげん

incarnation, avatar

144

憲章

けんしょう

charter

145

憲政

けんせい

constitutional government

146

憲法

けんぽう

constitution

147

官憲

かんけん

officials, authorities

148

合憲

ごうけん

constitutionality

149

立憲

りっけん

constitutionalism

150

源泉

げんせん

source

151

源流

げんりゅう

origin of something continuous

152

起源

きげん

origin, beginning, rise

153

資源

しげん

resources

154

みなもと

source, origin

155

厳格

げんかく

severe, rigid, stern, strictness, rigor, rigour, austerity

156

厳禁

げんきん

strict prohibition, ban, interdiction

157

厳重

げんじゅう

strict, rigour, rigor, severe, firm, strong, secure

158

荘厳

そうごん

solemnity, gravity, impressiveness

159

厳か

おごそか

solemn (e.g. ceremony, atmosphere), austere, majestic, dignified, stately, awful, impressive

160

利己

りこ

self-interest, selfishness

161

克己

こっき

self denial, self control

162

知己

ちき

acquaintance, appreciative friend

163

おのれ

I, me, you

164

呼応

こおう

hailing each other

165

点呼

てんこ

roll-call, muster

166

連呼

れんこ

calling repeatedly

167

誤記

ごき

writing error

168

誤差

ごさ

measurement error, calculation error

169

誤字

ごじ

misprint, misspelling, typo, typographical error, erratum

170

錯誤

さくご

mistake, error

171

誤る

あやまる

to make a mistake, to err

172

きさき

empress, queen

173

皇后

こうごう

(Japanese) empress, queen

174

皇太后

こうたいごう

Queen Mother, Empress Dowager

175

孝行

こうこう

filial piety

176

孝心

こうしん

filial devotion

177

孝養

こうよう

filial duties, devotion to one's parents

178

忠孝

ちゅうこう

loyalty and filial piety

179

皇位

こうい

imperial throne

180

皇居

こうきょ

Imperial Palace

181

皇室

こうしつ

Imperial household

182

皇族

こうぞく

imperial family, royalty

183

皇帝

こうてい

emperor

184

上皇

じょうこう

retired emperor

185

天皇

てんのう

Emperor of Japan

186

法皇

ほうおう

ex-emperor who becomes a monk、(Catholic) Pope, religious leader

187

くれない

crimson, deep red

188

真紅

しんく

deep crimson

189

降雨

こうう

rainfall, rain

190

降参

こうさん

giving in to, giving up, surrender

191

降雪

こうせつ

snowfall, snow

192

鋼管

こうかん

steel pipe

193

鋼材

こうざい

steel material

194

鉄鋼

てっこう

iron and steel

195

はがね

steel

196

貴い

たっとい

precious, valuable, priceless, noble, exalted, sacred

197

刻印

こくいん

carved seal

198

深刻

しんこく

serious, severe, grave, acute

199

定刻

ていこく

appointed time, timetable, schedule

200

穀倉地帯

こくそうちたい

grain-producing region

201

穀物

こくもつ

grain, cereal, corn

202

穀類

こくるい

grains

203

米穀

べいこく

rice

204

骨格

こっかく

skeleton, skeletal structure, build, frame, physique

205

骨子

こっし

main point, gist, essentials, bones (e.g. of an idea), pith

206

鉄骨

てっこつ

steel frame

207

骨身

ほねみ

flesh and bones

208

困り果てる

こまりはてる

to be greatly perplexed, to be greatly embarrassed

209

砂丘

さきゅう

sand dune, sand hill

210

土砂

どしゃ

earth and sand

211

砂場

すなば

sand pit, sandbox

212

砂ぼこり

すなぼこり

cloud of dust (sand, etc.)

213

座高

ざこう

one's sitting height

214

座談

ざだん

conversation, discussion

215

講座

こうざ

academic teaching unit, lectureship, professorial chair、course (e.g. of lectures)

216

星座

せいざ

constellation, star sign, zodiac sign

217

完済

かんさい

full payment, liquidation

218

救済

きゅうさい

relief, aid, rescue, salvation, help

219

決済

けっさい

settlement, payment of account

220

返済

へんさい

repayment, reimbursement, refund, redemption

221

裁く

さばく

to judge

222

裁つ

たつ

to cut (cloth)

223

裁判

さいばん

trial, judgement, judgment

224

制裁

せいさい

restraint, sanctions, punishment

225

洋裁

ようさい

(Western) dressmaking

226

策士

さくし

intriguer, tactician, schemer, machinator

227

策定

さくてい

decision, settling on

228

策動

さくどう

maneuverings, manoeuverings, machinations

229

策略

さくりゃく

scheme, tactic, stratagem, trick

230

散策

さんさく

walking, strolling, roaming, wandering, exploring

231

術策

じゅっさく

artifice, intrigue

232

政策

せいさく

political measures, policy

233

対策

たいさく

countermeasure, counterplan, countermove

234

冊子

さっし

book, booklet, story book, pamphlet, notebook

235

短冊

たんざく

long, narrow card on which Japanese poems are written (vertically), strip of paper

236

蚕業

さんぎょう

sericulture, silkworm culture

237

蚕糸

さんし

silk thread, silk yarn

238

蚕食

さんしょく

encroachment, invasion, aggression

239

養蚕

ようさん

sericulture, silkworm culture

240

蚕の繭

かいこのまゆ

silkworm cocoon

241

至急

しきゅう

urgent, pressing

242

至近

しきん

very near

243

至当

しとう

just, fair, proper

244

至難

しなん

most difficult, next to impossible

245

冬至

とうじ

winter solstice

246

夏至

げし

summer solstice

247

必至

ひっし

inevitable, necessary, foregone

248

私語

しご

whispering, whisper, secret talk, murmur

249

私服

しふく

civilian clothes, plain clothes

250

私する

わたくしする

to use (public property) as if it belonged to oneself, to misappropriate, to appropriate, to embezzle

251

勇姿

ゆうし

gallant figure

252

容姿

ようし

(physical) appearance (of a person), one's face and figure

253

姿見

すがたみ

dresser, full-length mirror

254

絵姿

えすがた

portrait

255

至らない

いたらない

Imperfect

256

視界

しかい

field of vision, visibility, view, visual field, (one's) ken

257

視覚

しかく

sense of sight, vision

258

視点

してん

opinion, point of view, visual point

259

視力

しりょく

eyesight

260

近視

きんし

myopia, shortsightedness, nearsightedness

261

軽視

けいし

making light of, slight, ignore, neglect, contempt, disdain

262

重視

じゅうし

importance, stress, serious consideration

263

注視

ちゅうし

gazing steadily at, observing (a person) closely, maintain a watch over

264

歌詞

かし

song lyrics, words of a song, libretto

265

作詞

さくし

(writing) song lyrics

266

助詞

じょし

particle, postposition

267

品詞

ひんし

part of speech

268

副詞

ふくし

adverb

269

祝詞

のりと

ritual prayer, invocation of the gods participating in a rite

270

誌上

しじょう

in a magazine

271

誌面

しめん

page of a magazine

272

週刊誌

しゅうかんし

weekly publication, weekly magazine

273

地誌

ちし

topography

274

日誌

にっし

journal, log

275

磁気

じき

magnetism

276

磁器

じき

porcelain (esp. hard-paste porcelain), china, chinaware

277

電磁波

でんじは

electromagnetic waves

278

射撃

しゃげき

firing, shooting, fire, gunshot, marksmanship

279

注射

ちゅうしゃ

injection

280

直射

ちょくしゃ

direct fire, frontal fire, direct rays (of sunlight)

281

日射

にっしゃ

solar radiation, insolation

282

発射

はっしゃ

firing, shooting, discharge, catapult, ejaculation (sl)

283

反射

はんしゃ

reflection, reverberation、reflex (medical)

284

射る

いる

to shoot (arrow, bolt, dart)

285

喜捨

きしゃ

almsgiving

286

四捨五入

ししゃごにゅう

rounding half up (i.e. fractions)

287

取捨

しゅしゃ

choice, option, rejection or adoption

288

切り捨て

きりすて

cutting a person down (without a second thought), sacrificing, throwing to the wolves, treating as sword fodder

289

尺度

しゃくど

linear measure, scale

290

尺八

しゃくはち

shakuhachi, end-blown fippleless bamboo flute

291

縮尺

しゅくしゃく

reduced scale, scaling

292

巻尺

まきじゃく

tape measure

293

若年

じゃくねん

youth

294

若干

じゃっかん

some, few, a number of, a little (bit)

295

老若

ろうにゃく

young and old, all ages

296

若しくは

もしくは

or, otherwise

297

樹氷

じゅひょう

frost covered trees

298

樹立

じゅりつ

establish, create

299

果樹

かじゅ

fruit tree

300

街路樹

がいろじゅ

roadside trees

301

大樹

たいじゅ

large tree, big tree, huge tree

302

緑樹

りょくじゅ

green-leaved trees

303

収める

おさめる

to dedicate, to make an offering, to pay (fees)

304

収支

しゅうし

income and expenditure

305

収集

しゅうしゅう

gathering up, collection, accumulation

306

収入

しゅうにゅう

income, receipts, revenue

307

回収

かいしゅう

collection, recovery, withdrawal, retrieval

308

宗祖

しゅうそ

sect founder

309

改宗

かいしゅう

religious conversion

310

宗家

そうけ

head of family, originator

311

就航

しゅうこう

going into commission (e.g. ships)

312

就寝

しゅうしん

going to bed, retiring

313

就任

しゅうにん

inauguration, assumption of office

314

去就

きょしゅう

(one's) course of action, (one's) position, (one's) attitude

315

成就

じょうじゅ

fulfillment, fulfilment, realization, realisation, completion

316

就く

つく

to ascend (the throne), to accede

317

衆寡

しゅうか

the many and the few

318

衆知

しゅうち

the wisdom of the many

319

観衆

かんしゅう

spectators, onlookers, members of the audience

320

群衆

ぐんしゅう

group (of people), crowd, horde, throng, mob, multitude

321

公衆

こうしゅう

the public, general public

322

聴衆

ちょうしゅう

audience, attendance, hearers

323

衆生

しゅじょう

living things, the people

324

従業

じゅうぎょう

employment

325

従事

じゅうじ

engaging, pursuing, following (e.g. profession or occupation)

326

従順

じゅうじゅん

obedient, gentle, meek, submissive, docile

327

従来

じゅうらい

up to now, so far、traditional, conventional, usual, existing

328

服従

ふくじゅう

obedience, submission, resignation

329

従容

しょうよう

calm, composed, tranquil

330

従う

したがう

to abide (by the rules), to obey, to follow, to accompany

331

縦横

じゅうおう

length and width, four cardinal points, every direction、as one wishes, as one pleases, at will

332

縦走

じゅうそう

traverse, walk along the ridge

333

縦隊

じゅうたい

(military) column

334

縦断

じゅうだん

flying through, cutting across, longitudinal slice

335

操縦

そうじゅう

flying (a plane)、management, handling, control, manipulation

336

縦長

たてなが

oblong, vertical writing style (e.g. on envelopes), portrait orientation

337

縦線

じゅうせん

vertical line

338

放縦

ほうじゅう

self-indulgence, looseness, dissolution, licence, license

339

縦書き

たてがき

vertical writing

340

縮小

しゅくしょう

reduction, curtailment

341

縮図

しゅくず

reduced drawing, miniature copy、microcosm, microcosmos

342

圧縮

あっしゅく

compression, condensation, constriction, compaction

343

収縮

しゅうしゅく

deflation, contraction, shrinking, constriction

344

短縮

たんしゅく

shortening, abbreviation, reduction

345

縮れ毛

ちぢれげ

curly hair, kinky hair, frizzy hair

346

熟れる

うれる

to ripen (fruit, grain, etc.), to become ripe

347

熟語

じゅくご

kanji compound

348

熟知

じゅくち

being familiar with, having a thorough knowledge of, being well-informed about

349

熟練

じゅくれん

skill, dexterity, proficiency

350

成熟

せいじゅく

maturity, ripeness

351

半熟

はんじゅく

half-cooked, half-done, soft-boiled

352

純益

じゅんえき

clear profit, net income, net profit

353

純情

じゅんじょう

pure heart, naivete, self-sacrificing devotion

354

純真

じゅんしん

purity, sincerity

355

純白

じゅんぱく

pure white, snow white

356

清純

せいじゅん

purity, innocence

357

処世

しょせい

conduct

358

処置

しょち

treatment, measure, step

359

処分

しょぶん

disposal, dealing (with a problem), disposition, measure, procedure

360

善処

ぜんしょ

handling carefully, tiding over, making best of, using discretion

361

対処

たいしょ

deal with, cope

362

署員

しょいん

staff member, station employee, official

363

署長

しょちょう

chief (of police), head (of office)

364

署名

しょめい

signature

365

部署

ぶしょ

one's post, one's station, department, bureau, section

366

諸行無常

しょぎょうむじょう

the impermanence of worldly things, All worldly things are transitory

367

諸君

しょくん

Gentlemen!, Ladies!

368

諸国

しょこく

various countries, various regions, various provinces

369

諸種

しょしゅ

various kinds

370

諸説

しょせつ

various opinions, various theories、various rumors (rumours)

371

諸島

しょとう

archipelago, group of islands

372

除外

じょがい

exception, exclusion

373

除去

じょきょ

removal, getting rid of

374

除草

じょそう

weeding

375

除夜

じょや

New Year's Eve

376

解除

かいじょ

cancellation, rescinding, release, calling off, lifting (sanctions), delisting

377

掃除

そうじ

cleaning, sweeping

378

除く

のぞく

to remove, to eliminate, to eradicate

379

将棋

しょうぎ

shogi, Japanese chess, xianqi

380

将軍

しょうぐん

general, shogun

381

王将

おうしょう

king

382

主将

しゅしょう

commander-in-chief, (team) captain

383

大将

たいしょう

general, admiral、boss, leader, local kingpin

384

名将

めいしょう

great or famous commander

385

傷害

しょうがい

wound, injury, accident, casualty

386

感傷

かんしょう

sentiment, sentimentality

387

損傷

そんしょう

damage, injury

388

負傷

ふしょう

injury, wound

389

傷口

きずぐち

(opening of) a wound, (mouth of a) wound, cut

390

古傷

ふるきず

old wound, scar, old unpleasant incident

391

障子

しょうじ

shoji (paper sliding door)

392

故障

こしょう

breakdown, failure, fault, accident, out of order

393

支障

ししょう

obstacle, hindrance, impediment, difficulty

394

保障

ほしょう

guarantee, security, assurance, pledge, warranty

395

差し障り

さしさわり

offence, offense, hindrance

396

城下町

じょうかまち

castle town, town around castle

397

築城

ちくじょう

fortification

398

根城

ねじろ

stronghold, citadel, headquarters

399

蒸発

じょうはつ

evaporation、disappearance (of people intentionally concealing their whereabouts), unexplained disappearance

400

蒸留

じょうりゅう

distillation

401

蒸し暑い

むしあつい

humid, sultry

402

針葉樹

しんようじゅ

conifer, needle-leaved tree

403

針路

しんろ

course, direction, compass bearing

404

指針

ししん

needle (of a compass, etc.), indicator, pointer, index、guiding principle, guideline, guide

405

方針

ほうしん

objective, plan, policy

406

針金

はりがね

wire

407

針箱

はりばこ

sewing box

408

仁愛

じんあい

benevolence, charity, love

409

仁義

じんぎ

humanity and justice (esp. in Confucianism), virtue

410

仁術

じんじゅつ

benevolent act, healing act

411

一視同仁

いっしどうじん

loving every human being with impartiality, universal brotherhood, universal benevolence

412

仁王

におう

the two guardian Deva kings

413

垂れる

たれる

to hang, to droop, to dangle, to sag, to lower, to pull down

414

垂線

すいせん

perpendicular line

415

垂直

すいちょく

vertical, perpendicular

416

胃下垂

いかすい

gastroptosis

417

懸垂

けんすい

pull-up, chin up, chinning

418

雨垂れ

あまだれ

raindrops

419

推す

おす

to recommend, to endorse (e.g. a candidate), to nominate、to infer, to conclude, to conjecture, to surmise

420

推移

すいい

transition, change

421

推進

すいしん

propulsion, drive、promotion (e.g. of a government policy), furtherance, implementation

422

推測

すいそく

guess, conjecture

423

推定

すいてい

presumption, assumption

424

推理

すいり

reasoning, inference, mystery or detective genre (movie, novel, etc.)

425

類推

るいすい

analogy、analogical reasoning

426

寸暇

すんか

moment's leisure, free minute

427

寸前

すんぜん

on the verge, on the brink, just in front of, just before

428

寸断

すんだん

cut (tear) to pieces

429

寸評

すんぴょう

brief review, thumbnail sketch

430

寸法

すんぽう

measurement, size, extent, dimension

431

一寸

いっすん/ちょっと

just a minute, short time, just a little、somewhat, easily, readily, rather

432

原寸

げんすん

actual size, full size

433

採寸

さいすん

taking measurements

434

盛大

せいだい

grand, prosperous, magnificent

435

全盛

ぜんせい

height of prosperity

436

山盛り

やまもり

heap, pile, stack, full measure

437

燃え盛る

もえさかる

to blaze, to burn brightly

438

盛る

もる

to serve (food, etc.), to dish out、to fill up, to pile up, to heap

439

盛る

さかる

to prosper, to flourish、to copulate (animals)

440

聖火

せいか

sacred fire (torch)、Olympic flame

441

聖歌

せいか

hymn, chant, sacred song

442

聖書

せいしょ

Bible, scriptures

443

聖人

せいじん

saint, sage, holy man

444

聖地

せいち

sacred place, holy ground, the Holy Land

445

聖母

せいぼ

Virgin Mary、holy mother, birth mother of a holy man (or woman)

446

画聖

がせい

master painter

447

神聖

しんせい

holiness, sacredness, dignity

448

誠意

せいい

sincerity, good faith

449

誠実

せいじつ

sincere, honest, faithful

450

誠心

せいしん

sincerity

451

忠誠

ちゅうせい

loyalty, sincerity, allegiance, fidelity, integrity

452

まこと

truth, reality、sincerity, honesty, integrity, fidelity

453

全盛期

ぜんせいき

heyday, golden age

454

大盛り

おおもり

large serving

455

宣教

せんきょう

religious mission, religious proclamation

456

宣言

せんげん

declaration, proclamation, announcement

457

宣告

せんこく

sentence, verdict

458

宣戦

せんせん

declaration of war

459

宣伝

せんでん

propaganda

460

専業

せんぎょう

special occupation, principal occupation, specialty, monopoly

461

専属

せんぞく

exclusive, attached to, specialist

462

専念

せんねん

absorption, giving undivided attention, devoting oneself (to)

463

専ら

もっぱら

wholly, solely, entirely, exclusively, devotedly, fixedly

464

泉水

せんすい

garden pond, miniature lake

465

鉱泉

こうせん

mineral spring, spring containing many minerals and gas (esp. a cold spring)

466

洗顔

せんがん

face-washing

467

洗面

せんめん

wash up (one's face), have a wash

468

染色

せんしょく

staining, stain, dyeing

469

染料

せんりょう

dyes

470

汚染

おせん

pollution, contamination

471

染め物

そめもの

dyed goods, goods to be dyed

472

染み抜き

しみぬき

stain removal

473

善悪

ぜんあく

good and evil

474

善処

ぜんしょ

handling carefully, tiding over, making best of, using discretion

475

善戦

ぜんせん

fighting a good fight, putting up a good fight, fighting bravely

476

善い

よい

good, excellent, fine, nice, pleasant, agreeable

477

奏楽

そうがく

musical performance

478

奏功

そうこう

success, achievement, fruition

479

前奏

ぜんそう

prelude, overture

480

独奏

どくそう

(instrumental) solo, recital

481

奏でる

かなでる

to play an instrument (esp. string instruments)

482

宣教師

せんきょうし

missionary

483

看破

かんぱ

penetration, see through, fathom, reading another's thoughts

484

打撃

だげき

blow, shock, strike, damage

485

敬遠

けいえん

pretending to respect someone while in fact staying distant from him

486

湯煙

ゆけむり

steam

487

洗練

せんれん

polish, refinement

488

学窓

がくそう

school

489

深窓

しんそう

secluded inner room

490

同窓会

どうそうかい

graduate's association, alumni meeting, class reunion

491

創作

そうさく

production, literary creation, work

492

創設

そうせつ

establishment, founding, organization, organisation

493

創造

そうぞう

creation

494

創立

そうりつ

establishment, founding, organization, organisation

495

独創

どくそう

originality

496

創る

つくる

to make, to produce, to manufacture, to build, to construct

497

装置

そうち

equipment, installation, apparatus, device

498

装備

そうび

equipment

499

改装

かいそう

remodelling, remodeling, reorganization, reorganisation

500

服装

ふくそう

garments, attire

501

装束

しょうぞく

costume, personal appearance

502

衣装

いしょう

clothing, costume, outfit, garment, dress

503

装う

よそおう

to dress、to pretend, to feign

504

著作権

ちょさくけん

copyright

505

階層

かいそう

class, level, stratum, layer, hierarchy

506

高層

こうそう

multistory, multistoried, high-rise, high, tall

507

上層

じょうそう

upper stratum (classes, stories, storeys)

508

深層

しんそう

depths, deep level

509

断層

だんそう

fault, dislocation、gap, discrepancy

510

地層

ちそう

stratum, geological formation, layer, bed (coal, gravel, etc.)

511

情操

じょうそう

sensibility (artistic, moral), (good) taste, sentiment

512

節操

せっそう

chastity, fidelity

513

みさお

chastity, fidelity, honour, honor, faith

514

蔵書

ぞうしょ

book collection, library

515

所蔵

しょぞう

(in one's) possession

516

貯蔵

ちょぞう

storage, preservation

517

内蔵

ないぞう

internal (e.g. disk), built-in, equipped (with)

518

酒蔵

さかぐら

wine cellar

519

肺臓

はいぞう

lungs

520

滴る

したたる

to drip, to drop, to trickle

521

秘蔵

ひぞう

treasure, prize, cherish, treasured

522

存続

そんぞく

duration, continuance

523

存分

ぞんぶん

to one's heart's content, as much as one wants

524

異存

いぞん

objection

525

温存

おんぞん

preserve, retain

526

尊厳

そんげん

dignity, majesty, sanctity

527

尊大

そんだい

haughtiness, pomposity, self-sufficiency

528

尊重

そんちょう

respect, esteem, regard

529

自尊

じそん

self-respect, esteem, self-importance, pride

530

尊ぶ

とうとぶ

to value, to prize, to esteem, to respect

531

存続

そんぞく

duration, continuance

532

既存

きそん

existing

533

存分

ぞんぶん

to one's heart's content, as much as one wants

534

異存

いぞん

objection

535

温存

おんぞん

preserve, retain

536

尊厳

そんげん

dignity, majesty, sanctity

537

尊大

そんだい

haughtiness, pomposity, self-sufficiency

538

尊ぶ

とうとぶ

to value, to prize, to esteem, to respect

539

宅地

たくち

building lot, residential land

540

宅配

たくはい

home delivery

541

住宅

じゅうたく

residence, housing, residential building

542

分担

ぶんたん

apportionment, allotment, share

543

荷物を担ぐ

かつぐ

to shoulder, to carry on one's shoulder

544

役目を担う

になう

to carry on shoulder, to bear (burden), to shoulder (gun)

545

探求

たんきゅう

quest, pursuit

546

探検

たんけん

exploration, expedition

547

探査

たんさ

probe, inquiry, enquiry, investigation

548

探知

たんち

detection

549

降誕

こうたん

birth (regal), nativity

550

生誕

せいたん

birth, nativity

551

段位

だんい

dan, grade (of black belt)

552

段差

だんさ

difference in grades (e.g. in go, shoji, etc.)

553

格段

かくだん

special, exceptional, remarkable

554

手段

しゅだん

555

暖房

だんぼう

heating

556

寒暖

かんだん

heat and cold, (extremes of) temperature

557

数値

すうち

numerical value, numerics、reading (on a meter, etc.)

558

平均値

へいきんち

average value, mean value, mean, expectation

559

値札

ねふだ

price tag (mark, label)

560

あたい

price, cost

561

宙返り

ちゅうがえり

somersault, looping-the-loop

562

忠勤

ちゅうきん

loyalty, loyal (faithful) service

563

忠義

ちゅうぎ

loyalty, devotion

564

忠言

ちゅうげん

(good) advice

565

忠告

ちゅうこく

advice, warning

566

忠実

ちゅうじつ

faithful, loyal, devoted、hardworking, painstaking, diligent

567

忠臣

ちゅうしん

loyal retainer, loyal subject

568

忠誠

ちゅうせい

loyalty, sincerity, allegiance, fidelity, integrity

569

忠節

ちゅうせつ

loyalty, allegiance, fidelity

570

著作権

ちょさくけん

copyright

571

著名

ちょめい

well-known, noted, celebrated

572

著す

あらわす

to write, to publish

573

著しい

いちじるしい

striking, remarkable, considerable (used for good, bad, and neutral observations)

574

庁舎

ちょうしゃ

government office building

575

官庁

かんちょう

government office, government agency, authorities

576

気象庁

きしょうちょう

(Japanese) Meteorological Agency, JMA

577

登庁

とうちょう

attending a government office

578

登頂

とうちょう

peak, height, zenith, climax

579

頂き

いただき

crown (of head), summit (of mountain), spire

580

潮位

ちょうい

tide level

581

潮流

ちょうりゅう

tide, tidal current, trend

582

風潮

ふうちょう

tide, current、tendency

583

潮風

しおかぜ

salty sea breeze, salt wind

584

賃借

ちんしゃく

hiring, renting, leasing

585

運賃

うんちん

(passenger) fare、freight rates, shipping expenses

586

工賃

こうちん

wages, pay

587

痛快

つうかい

intense pleasure, thrilling

588

痛切

つうせつ

keen, acute

589

苦痛

くつう

pain, agony, bitterness

590

痛手

いたで

serious wound, hard blow

591

展開

てんかい

development, evolution, progressing, unfolding

592

展示

てんじ

exhibition, display

593

展望

てんぼう

view, outlook, prospect

594

個展

こてん

solo exhibition, one-man exhibition, one-woman exhibition

595

発展

はってん

development, growth, advancement, unfurling

596

討議

とうぎ

debate, discussion

597

検討

けんとう

consideration, examination, investigation, study, scrutiny, discussion, analysis

598

追討

ついとう

tracking down and killing, punitive expedition

599

敵討ち

かたきうち

vengeance, revenge, retaliation

600

党首

とうしゅ

party leader

601

党派

とうは

faction

602

悪党

あくとう

scoundrel, rascal, villain

603

残党

ざんとう

remnants, survivors, refugees, pocket (of resistance)

604

徒党

ととう

conspirators, faction, cabal, clique

605

野党

やとう

opposition party, political opposition, opposition

606

糖分

とうぶん

amount of sugar, sugar content

607

糖類

とうるい

saccharides, sweeteners

608

果糖

かとう

fructose, fruit sugar

609

製糖

せいとう

sugar manufacture

610

乳糖

にゅうとう

milk sugar, lactose

611

届け先

とどけさき

destination, receiver's address, consignee

612

届け出

とどけで

report, notification

613

手が届く

てがとどく

to be able to reach, to be within one's reach, to be able to afford, to have the means to buy

614

難民

なんみん

refugees

615

非難

ひなん

criticism, blame, censure, attack, reproach

616

許し難い

ゆるしがたい

hard-to-forgive, intolerable, inexcusable, unpardonable

617

乳房

ちぶさ

breast, nipple, udder

618

乳歯

にゅうし

milk (baby) tooth, first set of teeth

619

乳児

にゅうじ

infant (below 1 years old), suckling baby

620

乳しぼり

ちちしぼり

milking, milker

621

乳飲み子

ちのみご

baby, suckling child

622

授乳

じゅにゅう

breast-feeding, suckling, nursing

623

認識

にんしき

recognition, cognizance, cognisance, knowledge, realization, realisation, awareness, perception

624

承認

しょうにん

recognition, acknowledgement, acknowledgment, approval, consent, agreement

625

納入

のうにゅう

payment, supply

626

収納

しゅうのう

crop, harvest, receipts, putting or stowing away

627

納豆

なっとう

natto (fermented soybeans)

628

納得

なっとく

consent, assent, understanding, agreement, comprehension, grasp

629

納屋

なや

shed, barn, outhouse

630

納戸

なんど

back room, closet, storage room

631

納め

おさめ

the last, the end, the closing

632

脳死

のうし

brain death

633

脳波

のうは

brain waves

634

首脳

しゅのう

head, leader, leading spirit

635

頭脳

ずのう

head, brains, intellect

636

洗脳

せんのう

brainwashing

637

派生

はせい

derivation

638

特派員

とくはいん

(special) correspondent (e.g. for a newspaper)

639

分派

ぶんぱ

denominations, sect, branch, faction, separation from

640

流派

りゅうは

school (e.g. of ikebana)

641

拝観

はいかん

see, inspect, visit

642

拝借

はいしゃく

borrowing (kenjogo)

643

拝礼

はいれい

worship

644

参拝

さんぱい

visit to a shrine or temple, paying homage at a shrine or temple

645

拝む

おがむ

to assume the posture of praying, to press the palms and fingers of both hands together, to do reverence (e.g. before a statue of the Buddha), to pay one's respects

646

背後

はいご

back, rear、background, behind the scenes

647

腹背

ふくはい

back and front, opposition in the heart

648

背丈

せたけ

stature, height

649

上背

うわぜい

stature, height

650

背く

そむく

to run counter to, to go against, to disobey, to infringe

651

肺炎

はいえん

pneumonia

652

肺活量

はいかつりょう

lung capacity

653

肺臓

はいぞう

lungs

654

俳画

はいが

briefly drawn picture, haiku picture

655

俳句

はいく

haiku, 17-mora poem

656

俳号

はいごう

pseudonym of a haiku poet

657

俳人

はいじん

haiku poet

658

俳味

はいみ

subdued taste, refined taste, haiku (poetic) flavor (flavour)

659

俳優

はいゆう

actor, actress, player, performer

660

班員

はんいん

member of a group

661

班長

はんちょう

squad leader, honcho, team leader, group leader

662

首班

しゅはん

head, leader, Prime Minister

663

首班

しゅはん

head, leader, Prime Minister

664

晩夏

ばんか

late summer、sixth month of the lunar calendar

665

晩秋

ばんしゅう

late autumn (fall)、ninth month of the lunar calendar

666

晩年

ばんねん

(one's) last years

667

早晩

そうばん

sooner or later, eventually

668

大器晩成

たいきばんせい

Great talents mature late、late bloomer

669

否決

ひけつ

rejection, negation, voting down

670

安否

あんぴ

safety, welfare, well-being

671

可否

かひ

propriety, right and wrong, advisability, possibility

672

賛否

さんぴ

yes and no, for and against

673

いな

no, nay

674

適否

てきひ

propriety, fitness, aptitude

675

批難

ひなん

criticism, blame, censure, attack, reproach

676

批判

ひはん

criticism, judgement, judgment, comment

677

批評

ひひょう

criticism, review, commentary

678

秘境

ひきょう

unexplored region, one of the most secluded regions

679

秘策

ひさく

secret plan or measures

680

秘書

ひしょ

(private) secretary

681

神秘

しんぴ

mystery, mysteriousness, secret

682

心を秘める

こころをひめる

Hide ones true feelings

683

腹案

ふくあん

one's plan

684

空腹

くうふく

hunger

685

山腹

さんぷく

hillside, mountainside

686

中腹

ちゅうふく

mountain side, halfway up

687

立腹

りっぷく

anger, offence, offense, rage, taking offense, taking offence

688

腹黒い

はらぐろい

mean, malicious, scheming, wicked, black-hearted

689

奮う

ふるう

to muster (e.g. one's courage), to call forth, to rouse up, to be enlivened, to be invigorated

690

奮起

ふんき

stirring, rousing oneself

691

奮戦

ふんせん

hard fighting

692

奮発

ふんぱつ

strenuous exertion, spurt、splurge

693

興奮

こうふん

excitement, stimulation, agitation, arousal

694

発奮

はっぷん

inspired, stimulated, roused

695

並行

へいこう

(going) side-by-side, abreast

696

並立

へいりつ

standing abreast

697

並列

へいれつ

arrangement, parallel, abreast

698

足並み

あしなみ

pace, step

699

陛下

へいか

your Majesty, his (or her) Majesty

700

閉口

へいこう

dumbfounded, stumped, at one's wits end, nonplussed

701

密閉

みっぺい

airtight

702

閉ざす

とざす

to shut, to close, to lock, to fasten

703

閉じこもる

とじこもる

to seclude oneself, to shut oneself away

704

紙片

しへん

piece (scrap, bit, strip) of paper

705

断片

だんぺん

fragment, crumb, shred, bits and pieces

706

片側

かたがわ

one side

707

片時

かたとき

moment, instant

708

補給

ほきゅう

supply, supplying, replenishment

709

補強

ほきょう

compensation, reinforcement

710

補欠

ほけつ

filling a vacancy, supplementation、substitute, deputy, alternate, spare

711

補修

ほしゅう

maintenance, mending, repair

712

候補

こうほ

candidate, contender, prospect, pick, choice, list

713

補う

おぎなう

to compensate for, to supplement

714

暮春

ぼしゅん

late spring、third month of the lunar calendar

715

薄暮

はくぼ

dusk, nightfall, twilight

716

夕暮れ

ゆうぐれ

evening, (evening) twilight

717

宝庫

ほうこ

treasury, treasure house

718

財宝

ざいほう

treasure

719

宝船

たからぶね

picture of a treasure ship bearing the Seven Gods of Good Fortune

720

子宝

こだから

the treasure that is children, children

721

探訪

たんぼう

searching, hunting for news story, journalist

722

来訪

らいほう

visit, call

723

歴訪

れきほう

round of calls, tour of visitation

724

亡国

ぼうこく

ruined country

725

亡命

ぼうめい

flight from one's country, seeking asylum, defection, emigration (for political reasons), (going into) exile, becoming a (political) refugee

726

興亡

こうぼう

rise and fall, ups and downs

727

存亡

そんぼう

life or death, existence, destiny

728

忘却

ぼうきゃく

lapse of memory, forgetfulness, oblivion

729

忘年会

ぼうねんかい

year-end party

730

備忘

びぼう

reminder

731

棒状

ぼうじょう

cylinder or rod-shaped

732

棒読み

ぼうよみ

reading in a monotone

733

相棒

あいぼう

partner, pal, accomplice

734

片棒

かたぼう

partner, accomplice

735

針小棒大

しんしょうぼうだい

exaggeration, making a mountain out of a molehill

736

枚挙

まいきょ

enumeration

737

一枚看板

いちまいかんばん

leading player, prima donna, box-office star

738

大枚をはたく

たいまいをはたく

to spend a fortune, to pay a high price

739

幕切れ

まくぎれ

fall of the curtain, last scene, end of act

740

開幕

かいまく

raising the curtain

741

天幕

てんまく

raising the curtain

742

密集

みっしゅう

crowd, close formation, dense

743

密接

みっせつ

related, connected, close, intimate

744

密約

みつやく

secret agreement

745

機密

きみつ

secrecy, highly classified information

746

厳密

げんみつ

strict, close

747

親密

しんみつ

intimacy, friendship

748

綿密

めんみつ

minute, detailed, careful, scrupulous, thorough

749

盟主

めいしゅ

leader, leading power

750

盟約

めいやく

oath, pledge, pact, covenant

751

盟友

めいゆう

sworn friend

752

加盟

かめい

participation, affiliation

753

同盟

どうめい

alliance, union, league

754

連盟

れんめい

league, federation, union, alliance

755

模型

もけい

model, dummy, maquette

756

模写

もしゃ

copy (of the real thing), copying, reproduction, tracing

757

模造

もぞう

imitation, counterfeit, fake, sham, ersatz (object)

758

模様

もよう

pattern, figure, design、state, condition

759

規模

きぼ

scale, scope, plan, structure

760

訳語

やくご

translational equivalent, term(s) used in translation, gloss, equivalent term in another language

761

訳文

やくぶん

a translation, translated sentence

762

通訳

つうやく

interpretation (i.e. oral translation), interpreter

763

内訳

うちわけ

itemization (of expenses), the items, breakdown, classification

764

郵券

ゆうけん

postage stamp

765

郵送

ゆうそう

mailing

766

優位

ゆうい

predominance, ascendancy, superiority

767

優勝

ゆうしょう

overall victory, championship

768

優先

ゆうせん

preference, priority, precedence

769

優れる

すぐれる

to surpass, to outstrip, to excel

770

幼少

ようしょう

infancy, childhood, tender age

771

幼稚

ようち

infancy, childish, infantile

772

幼子

おさなご

infant, baby, little child

773

欲望

よくぼう

desire, appetite, lust

774

意欲

いよく

will, desire, ambition, urge (e.g. creative urge)

775

欲する

ほっする

to want, to desire

776

乱雑

らんざつ

clutter, disorder, promiscuity, affray, confusion, muddle

777

乱戦

らんせん

melee

778

乱入

らんにゅう

trespassing, intrusion

779

混乱

こんらん

disorder, chaos, confusion, mayhem

780

積乱雲

せきらんうん

cumulonimbus cloud

781

反乱

はんらん

insurrection, mutiny, rebellion, revolt, uprising

782

乱す

みだす

to throw out of order, to disarrange, to disturb

783

卵黄

らんおう

egg yolk

784

鶏卵

けいらん

hens egg

785

産卵

さんらん

egg-laying, spawning

786

回覧

かいらん

circulation

787

展覧

てんらん

exhibition, show

788

博覧

はくらん

extensive reading, wide knowledge

789

遊覧

ゆうらん

sightseeing

790

裏面

りめん

back, reverse, other side, inside, tails (of coins), background

791

表裏

ひょうり

two sides, inside and outside

792

裏表

うらおもて

wrong side out, reverse, opposite、double-dealing, two faces (c.f. two-faced)

793

裏地

うらじ

lining

794

裏腹

うらはら

opposite, reverse, contrary

795

裏目

うらめ

reverse side, opposite (of the expected), backfire

796

律動

りつどう

rhythm

797

一律

いちりつ

evenness, uniformity, monotony, equality

798

音律

おんりつ

metre, rhythm, musical temperament

799

規律

きりつ

order, observance, discipline

800

調律

ちょうりつ

tuning (musical)

801

律儀

りちぎ

honesty, faithfulness, conscientiousness, integrity

802

臨む

のぞむ

to look out on、to face, deal with

803

臨海

りんかい

coastal, seaside, oceanfront, maritime

804

臨機

りんき

expedient

805

臨時

りんじ

temporary, special, extraordinary

806

臨床

りんしょう

clinical (e.g. pathology, physiology)

807

臨席

りんせき

attendance, presence

808

君臨

くんりん

to reign, to dictate, to control

809

朗らか

ほがらか

bright, cheerful, melodious

810

朗唱

ろうしょう

recitation, chant

811

朗読

ろうどく

reading aloud, recitation

812

朗報

ろうほう

good news

813

晴朗

せいろう

clear, fair, fine, serene

814

明朗

めいろう

bright, clear, cheerful

815

論証

ろんしょう

proof, certain truth, demonstration, argumentation

816

論争

ろんそう

controversy, dispute

817

論評

ろんぴょう

comment, criticism

818

言論

げんろん

(one's) speech, expression of views, discussion

819

討論

とうろん

debate, discussion

820

理論

りろん

theory

821

欲張る

よくばる

to covet, to lust for