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Flashcards in 5. Bandaging Deck (18)
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1

8 functions of bandages

Wound/incision
Secrure dressing
Inhibit excessive granulation tissue
Reduce swelling, movement, edema
Support
Decrease dead space
Reduce post-op hemorrhage/edema
Prevent contamination

2

Bandaging principles

Smooth
1˚, 2˚, 3˚ layers - secured with gauze
Change is soiled, wet or slipped
Secure with cohesive or self adhesive
Snug placement - lame = REMOVE
Adequate width
Pull flexor tendons medially

3

Bandage types

Foot bandage
Distal limb bandage
Full limb
Abdominal
Face
Stent

4

1˚ Layer

Telfa, hypertonic dressing, kerlix AMD< hydrogel, calcium alginate
Directly onto wound - sterile, non-adherent, porous

5

2˚ Layer

Cotton roll, sheet cotton, rediRoll
Support and padding
prevents excessive compression and protects limb
Absorbant for exudate

6

3˚ layer

Vetwrap, coflex, elastieken, elastoplast
Secures previous layers
Rigidity and support, protects from contamination
50% overlap!

7

Distal limb bandaging overview

Extends from just below carpus/tarsus
Extends below coronary band

8

Full limb "stack" bandage overview

Large wounds - swelling/cellulitis
Coaptation for temporary fracture stabilization
Extends below coronary band to proximal carpus/tarsus
Stack a secondary cotton over the 2˚ layer covering the proximal aspect

9

Stent Bandage overview

Bandage sutured to a wound or incision site
Create suture loops and string umbilical tape

10

Abdominal bandage overview

Colic sx or thoracic/abdominal wounds
Typical 3 layers

11

Sweat bandage overview

Decreases edema
Homemade, nitrofurazone ointment, DMSO, epsom salts
cover with saran wrap
Remove and clean limb daily - scalding

12

Robert Jones Bandage overview

Layers and layers of cotton - heavy and expensive
Perserves blood supply and supports fractures
should be 2x size of limb

13

Splint material options

PVC
1x4" wood
Metal
Fiberglass cast material
Commercial - KIMZEY LEG SAVER

14

Splint uses

Fracture stabilization for transportation
Reduce/eliminate flexion/extension of joints
Must immobilize joint above and joint below

15

Bandage application

GLOVES
Roll tendons medially
R- clockwise
L- counterclockwise
Secure without tension

16

Radial fracture stabilization

Robert jones bandage
Palmar splint from heel to elbow
Lateral splint from hoof to whithers

17

Olecranon fracture stabilization

Stack bandage w/ palmar splint
from heel to top of elbow

18

Thomas Schroeder splint

Radial and tibial fractures in farm animals
Cast the limb to incorporate the splint
Can be used for rupture gastrocnemius