5) Changes under the Bolsheviks 1918-24 Flashcards
What did the Decree on Press ban?
All non-Bolshevik newspapers
What did the Decree on Political Parties ban?
What did Lenin remove in January 1918?
The Constituent Assembly
The banning of other political parties made Russia a what?
What did Lenin replace courts of law with?
Revolutionary tribunals (that were often brutal and unjust)
What was set up in December 1917?
What was so special about a decree on workers passed by the Bolsheviks in February 1918?
They could force anyone they wanted to do forced labor. If people didn’t work they could be arrested and/or executed as enemies of the revolution
What were the camps ran by Bolsheviks known as?
Who led the Red Terror?
How many people had been executed by the end of the Red Terror?
Between 50,000 and 140,000 people (many of whom were innocent)
Why was the Kronstadt mutiny so important?
It showed Lenin that even the most loyal of followers could turn their backs on the Bolsheviks.
What was the Politburo?
A leading decision-making body within the Bolshevik (Communist) party
When was the Politburo set up?
Who were the original members of the Politburo?
Lenin, Trotsky, Stalin, Zinoviev, Kamenev
Why was the Politburo set up?
Some decisions were seen as too important to be debated by the Communist central committee.