Flashcards in 5 - Responsibilities and Approach to Regulation Deck (38)
FCA - THREE operational objectives
- protection consumers
- protecting financial markets
- promoting competition
FCA - EIGHT regulatory principles
- efficiency and economy
- sustainable growth
- responsibility of consumers
- senior management responsibility
- recognising the differences in the businesses carried out by different regulated persons
- openness and disclosure
Part 4A permission
As set out in the FSMA - any person wishing to carry out one or more regulated activities by way of business, must apply to the appropriate regulator for direct authorisation (unless they can abide by the terms of exclusion or are exempt)
Who are the FCA and the PRA answerable to for the way they carry out their duties?
Who bares ultimate responsibility for the regulatory system?
The Chancellor of the Exchequer
The Financial Stability Board
- address vulnerabilities; and
- to develop and implement strong regulatory, supervisory and other policies in the interest of financial stability
Role of the PRA
The Prudential Regulation Authority (PRA)
- Part of the BoE
-responsible for the authorisation, prudential regulation and supervision of banks, building societies, credit unions, insurers and major investment firms
- Sets standards and supervises financial institutions at the level of the individual firm
Objectives of the PRA
The Prudential Regulation Authority (PRA)
1. to promote the safety and soundness of the firms it regulates; and
2. (specific to insurance firms) to contribute to ensuring that policy holders are adequately protected.
3. (since 2014) to facilitate effective competition
Who governs the PRA?
The PRC = Prudential Regulation Committee
Who is the PRC accountable to?
The European System of Financial Supervision - oversees the regulation of financial services across Europe. Comprised of:
1. The European Banking Authority (EBA) - PRA is the UK representative
2. The European Securities and Markets Authority (ESMA) - FCA represents the UK
3. The European Insurance and Occupational Pensions Authority (EIOPA) - PRA is the UK representative
The European Systemic Risk Board - an independent EU body responsible for macro-prudential oversight of the EU financial system.
The BoE is a voting member on the ESRB
FSMA section 118
Outlines civil penalties for market abuse, can be any of several types of behaviour
1. insider dealing
2. improper disclosure
3. misuse of information
4. manipulating transactions
5. manipulating devices
7. distortion and misleading behaviour
Financial Services and Market Act (2000)
Market abuse punishments
maximum of 7 years imprisonment or an unlimited fine
the Fourth Money Laundering Directive - supervisors have been required to have the power to impose effective. proportionate and dissuasive sanctions for non compliance.
The FCA can:
- levy penalties on registered businesses that are in breach of the ML regs
- prosecute an odder of a registered business that is in breach of certain ML regs. Conviction may result in prison for <2 years, a fine or both
the Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 - the acquisition, possession, use, concealment, disguise, conversion, transfer or removal of criminal property, or assisting another person to do these things, is an offence under POCA. Punishable by up to 14 years in prison and/or an unlimited fine
Failure to report any knowledge or suspicion of money laundering
up to 5 years imprisonment and/or a fine
1. proactive firm/group supervision
2. event driven, reactive supervision
3. thematic approach - issues and products supervision
Fixed portfolio firms
small population of firms (based on factors such as size, market presence and customer footprint) require the highest level of supervisory attention - subject to FCA approach pillar 1 [proactive firm/group supervision]
Flexible portfolio firms
the majority of firms - proactively supervised through a combination of FCA approach pillars 2 & 3 [event driven, reactive supervision & thematic approach]
Who is the FCA accountable to?
required to report annually to the Gov and Parliament
what is the free asset ratio (FAR)
surplus assets / total assets x 100 (i.e. as a percentage)
who do the principles of approved persons apply to?
anyone who is individually registered
how is the FCA funded?
through levies on the financial services industry
- larger companies do pay additional charges but this is not the sole funding
- they are separate from the government
what fees are due for authorised firms?
- periodic fees (FCA)
- application fees (FCA)
- special project fees (FCA)
- Money Advice Service fees
if a provider gives any benefits or inducements to an intermediary how long must they keep records for?
what is pure protection?
how does ICOBS categorise insurance products
-payment protection insurance (PPI)