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History Composers - Classical Era (1750-1825) > Franz Joseph Haydn > Flashcards

Flashcards in Franz Joseph Haydn Deck (7)
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1
Q

Information About Him (14)

A
  • (1732-1809)
  • born in Rohrau, Austria
  • father was a wheelwright
  • was a choir boy at St. Stephen’s Cathedral
  • one of his teachers was Nicola Porpora
  • became a freelance musician
  • was music director to Count Ferdinand
  • married Maria Anna Keller
  • moved with Esterházy family to their estate
  • became friends with Mozart
  • moved to Vienna after Prince Nikolai Esterházy passed away
  • traveled to London
  • met Beethoven and briefly taught him
  • wrote a melody that became Germany’s national anthem
2
Q

His Style and Contributions (8)

A
  • expositions of sonatas are monothematic (first and second themes are similar)
  • had dramatic and playful elements
  • considered the father of the symphony and string quartet
  • composed more than 100 symphonies and more than 40 piano sonatas
  • oratorios: The Creation, The Seasons, The Seven Last Words of Christ
  • symphonies: “Surprise,” “Military,” “London” “Farewell”
  • string quartets: “Quinten,” “Kaiser”
  • operas: Armida
3
Q

Important Piece: String Quartet in D Minor “Quinten” (4)

A
  • begins in D minor but ends in D major
  • in sonata form
  • vivace assai
  • in 2/4
4
Q

Exposition of Quinten (5)

A
  • First theme: introduced by 1st violin, features a perfect 4th interval, is marked piano, includes syncopations
  • Bridge: uses first theme in 2nd violin
  • 2A: in F major with a descending sequence
  • 2B: violin has double-stop thirds and sudden dynamic contrasts
  • Codetta: finishes in F-major with a tonic pedal point
5
Q

Development of Quinten (2)

A
  • uses second theme group and imitation

- concludes with dominant preparation leading to recapitulation

6
Q

Recapitulation of Quinten (3)

A
  • first theme in D minor than in D major
  • bridge and second theme group in D major
  • cello is absent for 22 bars
7
Q

Coda of Quinten (1)

A
  • features triplets and arpeggios