Hitler And The Growth Of The Nazi Party Flashcards Preview

GCSE History - Nazi Germany > Hitler And The Growth Of The Nazi Party > Flashcards

Flashcards in Hitler And The Growth Of The Nazi Party Deck (32)
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1
Q

What happened in hitlers early life?

A

Hitler was Austrian but fought for Germany in WWI

When Germany lost hitter thought he’d been stabbed in the back because they didn’t lost they gave up

2
Q

What happened after WWI go hitler?

A

He was given an army assignment to check up on political groups. One of them was the DAP run by Drexler
He ended up joining the group after spying on two meetings and he called it the Nazi Party

3
Q

What was the 25 point programme?

A

When hitter was drexlers right hand man they made this programme for the DAP party for people to follow, it involved
Scrapping the treaty of Versailles
Expanding Germany’s borders
Depriving Jews of German citizenship

4
Q

When did the DAP change its name to the Nazi Party

A

7th August 1920

5
Q

What does NAZI stand for?

A

National Socialist German Workers Party

6
Q

When did hitler run the Nazi party?

A

Mid 1921

7
Q

What did hitler do to the Nazi party in 1921

A

Cultivated powerful friends like the head of the german army in WWI
Created the SA - the party’s army
Boosted propaganda in newspapers
Gathered around him loyal party leaders

8
Q

What caused the Munich Putsch?

A

Hitler wanted to exploit his discontent towards hyper inflation and the French occupying the Ruhr
He had a lot of support in Munich and wanted to increase his popularity elsewhere
Stresemann would soon solve the economic and international problems so hitler had to act fast before Stresemann solved them
Stresemann was putting down extremist groups so hitler had to gain support so Stresemann couldn’t out the nazis down

9
Q

Describe the events of the Munich Putsch.

A

There was a meeting of 3000 officials of the Bavarian government in a beer hall in Munich. The three main speakers were von Kahr, von Seisser and von Lossow, head of government police and army. Hitler burst in with 600 SA while he shot the ceiling and announced he was taking over the Bavarian government. The three main speakers were taken to a side room and confronted by hitler, his troops and weapons and they agreed to support the uprising.
However the next morning hitler found out they opposed him and told the main government all about hitlers uprising but hitler decided to carry on even though the SA had very little compared to the police. Hitler and his supports marched the town stating hitler was the new president. In a narrow street they were met by the police who opened fire. A bodyguard guarded hitler and threw him to the ground in which his arm dislocated. In all 14 of hitlers supporters died along with 4 police. Ludendorff (head of German army in WWI) was arrested. Hitler fled to a friends house to hide but was later found and arrested. He was sentenced five years in prison for treason but only served 9 months.

10
Q

When did the Munich putsch happen?

A

8th November 1923

11
Q

What were the consequences of the Munich Putsch?

A

Hitler used his trial to get national publicity for the party
The ban of the Nazi party was weakly enforced and lifted in 1925
The Nazi party won 32 seats in the Reichstag in May 1924
He wrote his autobiography, Mein Kampf, and it became the guidance of the Nazi party
Hitler decided he needed a new approach for the party

12
Q

What did nationalism in the Nazi Party involve?

A

Breaking the restrictions of the treaty of Versailles
Reviving power
Making Germany self-sufficient, not dependent on foreign imports
Expanding Germany’s borders
Purifying the German race

13
Q

What did socialism in the Nazi Party involve?

A
Wanted to control big businesses 
Agriculture and industry should flourish
Businesses would not make unfair profits 
Jews could not control businesses 
Workers would be treated fairly
14
Q

What was totalitarianism?

A

The Nazi party should control every aspect of life
He despised democracy
Believed in the leadership principle, total loyalty to the leader

15
Q

What did the nazis think we’re traditional German values?

A

Strong family values with clear male and female roles
Christian morality
Old style German culture with traditional art, music and theatre

16
Q

What did the Nazi party think of struggle?

A

Hitler believed struggle made a country stronger and healthier
All German people should live United and together
No non German people should be inside the borders
Strengthen he German race
They needed to fight and struggle to do these things

17
Q

What did hitler say about racial purity?

A

Hitler thought people were divided into inferior and superior races
Eg. The aryans were a superior race, the Germanic people of Northern Europe
He believed Eastern Europeans were inferior races
He thought the lowest of life forms were Jews because they fed off the countries they lived in

18
Q

When were the lean years?

A

1924-1929

19
Q

What did hitler do during the lean years of the Nazi Party?

A

He appointed two official leaders (Bouhler and Scwarz) and divided the party into regions
Improved party finances and befriended Germany’s most wealthy businessmen and limited power of trade unions.
Expanded the SA but then changed it to the SS to get rid of the violent troopers
Hitler then decided to run the SS
He worked closely with Goebbels to improve Nazi propaganda
Created scapegoats
Used most up to date technology
Created a clear image for the party

20
Q

How were the Nazi party doing in 1928?

A

Because Stresemann was doing very well in leading Germany, the Nazi party only won 2.6% of the vote and were the ninth biggest party, only won 12 seats

21
Q

Why did support for the Nazi party start to increase again in 1929

A

The Wall Street crash happened and the public needed a strong party to solve Germany’s problems

22
Q

Why did the German people like hitler in 1932?

A

He looked like a strong leader, he could unite the country, restore order from social unrest, force other nations to scrap the treaty of Versailles and persuade other countries to treat Germany fairly

23
Q

Who supported hitler?

A
Working class
Middle class
Farmers
Big businesses
Young people and women
24
Q

Why the working class support the nazis

A

They offered traditional German values and a strong Germany
Originally called German workers party
Propaganda was heavily on working class

25
Q

Why did middle class support the nazis

A

Great Depression hurt the nazis and they saw hitler as a leader who is strong and could recover the country
They were afraid of the communists growing
They didn’t like the Weimar Republic and wanted the return of traditional German values

26
Q

Why did farmers support nazis

A

Nazis no longer confiscated private land and this new policy created in 1928 meant farmers could be protected by hitler which communism didn’t offer

27
Q

Why did big businesses support th nazis

A

Hitler was there best hope to protect them from communism

28
Q

Why did young people and women support nazis

A

Hitler had good ambitions and persuasive speeches

Propaganda targeted women saying the nazis is the best for their families and future

29
Q

How did Brüning lead to hitler becoming chancellor

A

He used a presidential decree to ban the SA and SS but von Schleicher wanted to remove him because this was attacking right wing groups and Hindenburg agreed and Brüning was sacked who was the chancellor at the time

30
Q

What did von Papen do to edge hitler closer to chancellor

A

He became chancellor after Brüning and his coalition was weak so he was forced to hold another election hoping the Nazi party wouldn’t have much support but the nazis still had the most support so von Papen had to resign

31
Q

How did von Schliecher “help” hitler become chancellor

A

He invited the nazis into his coalition which meant they were part of the government and then their support grew and grew and von Schliecher failed to gain the majority in the Reichstag and von Schliecher decided to become head of military dictatorship

32
Q

When did hitler become chancellor?

A

30th January 1933