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Flashcards in 560H Deck (47)
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1

__________is most abundant in women and stimulates hypothalamus to secrete GnRH, which causes the ______ gland to secrete FSH and LH.

Estriol, ovary
Estradiol,ovary
Estriol, pituitary
Estradiol, pituitary

Estradiol, pituitary

2

Which hormone helps with the maturation of sperm and a healthy libido?

Estrogen
Testosterone
Free T4
DHT

Estrogen

3

Which hormones stimulates thickening of uterine wall during menstrual cycle?

Estrogen
testosterone
Progesterone

Estrogen

4

_____ prepares the uterus for fertilized ovum and maintains the pregnancy....also inhibits the action of testosterone and the production of GnRH.

Estrogen
Progesterone

Progesterone

5

Which deficiency can increase risk of impaired mental and physical development?

Iodine
Zinc
Calcium
Folate

Iodine

6

Low ____ is related to poor sperm quality

Iodine
Zinc
Calcium
Folate

Zinc

7

How much iron is appropriate to supplement?

18mg
27mg
39mg

18mg

8

Which are PMS treatments?

Ovulation prevention with meds
SSRIs
Supplements (calcium, chasteberry, etc)
All of the above

All

9

Primary tx for PCOS is to INCREASE _______ via diet, exercise/weight loss

Hormone levels
Iron stores
Insulin sensitivity

Insulin sensitivity

10

PCOS sx improve greatly with a _____% weight loss.

2-5
5-10
10-15

5-10

11

PKU is inherited.

T/F

True

12

PKU affects which enzyme?

Phenylalanine decarboxylase
Phenylalanine synthase
Tyrosine hydroxylase
Phenylalanine hydroxylase

PAH - phenylalanine hydroxylase

13

Infertility is the involuntary absence of pregnancy and lack of conception after 1 year of unprotected intercourse.

T/F

T

14

Inadequate nutrition is not a factor in infertility

T/F

False....it has a significant impact

15

What is the condition marked by simultaneous presence of eating disorder, menstrual dysfunction, and osteoporosis in otherwise healthy female athletes?

Female athlete triad

16

What is CHO intolerance during pregnancy is most like type 2 DM?

Gestational diabetes

17

The placenta is formed on days 10-14, which is the ___ stage of development.

Zygote
Embryo
Morula

Embryo

18

2-8 weeks, major organs begin to develop, heart beats, intestines develop....which stage?

Embryonic
Gestational period
Blastocyst

Gestational period

19

Skeleton calcifies, breathing of amniotic fluid begins, hair grows during the

1st trimester
2nd
3rd

2nd

20

Fetus begins storing fat, glycogen, and nutrients in the

1st
2nd
3rd trimester

3rd

21

Underweight women should gain _____ pounds during pregnancy.

25-35
28-40
40-50

28-40

22

Obese women should gain ____ pounds during pregnancy

Zero
5-10
11-20
21-30

11-20

23

Energy needs increase in pregnancy mainly due to protein and fat tissue synthesis and expanding metabolically active tissues.

T/F

T

24

Avg increased calorie need is ____ during 2nd trimester

280
340
452
500

340

25

Avg increased calorie need is ____ during 3rd trimester

280
340
452
500

452

26

Overall, the avg increase in calories needed during the entire pregnancy is_____

300
350
400
450

300

27

Which B-complex vitamin is poorly produced in humans but plays a role in phospholipids within the cell membranes and as intracellular messengers? (dose is 450mg daily)

biotin
choline
ethanolamine

choline

28

Which vitamin plays a role in reactions involved in cell division? Excess can be teratogenic

A
C
E
D
K

A

29

Upper limit of Vitamin D during pregnancy?

2000 IU
4000 IU
6000 IU
8000 IU

4000

30

Ca(2+) recommended amount per day during pregnancy?

500mg
750mg
1000mg
1200mg

1000