5B Flashcards Preview

Italian 101 > 5B > Flashcards

Flashcards in 5B Deck (133):
1

Vorrei...

I would like...

2

essere a dieta

to be on a diet

3

tatto/a in casa

homeade

4

al ristorante

at the restaurant

5

l'antipasto

appetizer

6

la bottiglia

bottle

7

il conto

bill

8

il contorno

side dish

9

il dolce

dessert

10

l'insalata

salad

11

il primo/ secondo piatto

first/ second course

12

il servizio

service

13

la tazza

cup; mug

14

i pasti

meals

15

la colazione

breakfast

16

il pranzo

lunch

17

la merenda

afternoon snack

18

lo spuntino

snack

19

la cena

dinner

20

le bibite

drinks

21

l'acqua (frizzante, naturale)

(sparkling, still) water

22

la birra

beer

23

il latte

milk

24

il succo (d'arancia)

(orange) juice

25

il te'

tea

26

il vino (bianco, rosso)

(white, red) wine

27

per parlare del cibo

talking about food

28

il gusto

flavor; taste

29

dolce

sweet

30

leggero/a

light

31

insipido/a

bland

32

pesante

rich, heavy

33

piccante

spicy

34

saporito/a

tasty

35

salato/a

salty

36

il cuoco (la cuoca)

cook

37

assaggia la zuppa (assaggiare)

to taste the soup

38

il piatto

plate

39

il menu

menu

40

il coltello

knife

41

la tovaglia

table cloth

42

la forchetta

fork

43

il tovagliolo

napkin

44

il sale

salt

45

il pepe

pepper

46

il bicchiere

glass

47

la caraffa d'aqua

water pitcher

48

la scodella

bowl

49

il cucchianino

small spoon

50

il cucchiaio

big spoon

51

Lei ordina (ordinare)

Her order (to order)

52

Indirect Objects are always preceded by the prepositions..

a / per

53

consigliare

to recommend

54

mostrare

to show

55

preparare

to prepare

56

prestare

to lend

57

regalare

to give (as a gift)

58

restituire (-isc-)

to give back

59

Indirect Object Pronouns

mi (to, for me)
ti (to, for you)
Le (to, for you formal m./f.)
gli (to, for him)
le (to, for her)
ci (to, for us)
vi (to, for you all)
gli (loro) (to, for them)

60

Indirect Object identifies..

to whom, for whom

61

Indirect Object Pronouns either precede...

a conjugated verb or are attached to an infinitive.

62

Il cuoco non gli prepara il doce.

The cook doesn't prepare the dessert for him.

63

Devi darle una buona mancia.

You have to give her a good tip.

64

Indirect Object Pronoun (loro) always gets placed...

after a verb and never attached to infinitives.

65

Indirect Object Pronoun (gli)

to / for them

66

Il cameriere mostra loro il menu.
Il cameriere gli mostra il menu.

The waiter is showing them the menu.

67

Volete regalare loro la torta?
Volete regalagli la torta?

Do you want to give them the cake?

68

Pronouns (le and gli) never elide before vowels and past participles...

do not agree in gender or # with indirect object pronouns.

69

La mamma sta bene. Le ho telefonato ieri.

Mom is feeling well. I called her yesterday.

70

Chi e' Giorgio? Non gli abbiamo mai parlato.

Who is Giorgio? We've never talked to him.

71

L'insalata mi piace.

I like salad

72

Ti piacciono i dolci fatti in casa?

Do you like homemade desserts?

73

Vi e' piaciuta la zuppa?

Did you like the soup?

74

mancare

to miss

75

bastare

to be enough

76

restare

to remain

77

sembrare

to seem

78

dispiacere

to be sorry

79

Verbs conjugated with 'essere' in passato prossimo

bastare
mancare
sembrare
restare
dispiacere

80

I peperoncini vi sono sembrati piccanti?

Did the peppers seem spicy to you?

81

Marco, mi manchi! Ti manco anch'io?

Marco, I miss you! Do you miss me, too?

82

adesso

now

83

di solito

usually

84

dopo

after, afterwards

85

non...piu'

no more, no longer

86

poi

then, later

87

presto

soon, quickly

88

prima

before, first

89

qualche volta

sometimes

90

subito

immediately, right away

91

tardi

late

92

adverbs describe..

how, when, where actions take place

93

Ordiniamo subiuto l'antipasto?

Shall we order the appetizer right away?

94

Caterina non e' piu' a dieta.

Caterina isn't on a diet anymore.

95

-mente ending to a feminine singular adjective is equivalent to...

ly in English

96

allegra
allegramente

cheerful
cheerfully

97

frequente
frequentemente

frequent
frequently

98

lenta
lentamente

slow
slowly

99

rara
raramente

rarely

100

veloce
velocemente

quick
quickly

101

vera
veramente

truly

102

I cani magiano rapidamente.

The dogs eat quickly.

103

L'ho vista recentemente.

I saw her recently.

104

If adjective ends in -le or -re...

drop the final -e before adding -mente ending

105

Finalmente arriva l'antipasto.

The appetizer is finally arriving

106

Mangiano regolarmente alla mensa?

Do they eat at the cafeteria regularly?

107

La zuppa non e' particolarmente saporita.

The soup isn't particularly tasty.

108

Leggermente and violentemente are exceptions.

Keep -er

109

Words that act as either adjective or adverbs

molto ( a lot, many, very)
poco (a little, few, not very)
troppo (too much, too)
tanto (so much, so many, so)

110

Questo ristorante offre molte bibite.

This restaurant offers lots of drinks

111

Il te' e' molto buono.

The tea is very good.

112

Ci sono troppi dolci!

There are too many desserts!

113

I dolci sono troppo pesanti.

The desserts are too heavy.

114

Adverbs are usually placed...

immediately after the verb they modify or before the adjective or adverb they modify.

115

Bevo raramente il succo di mela.

I rarely drink apple juice.

116

Sono veramente piccanti.

They are really spicy.

117

In compound tenses, (ancora, gia' mai, piu' and siempre) always immediately precede...

the past participle

118

Non hai mai assaggiato il tiramisu'?

You've never tasted tiramisu?

119

Ho gia' chiesto il conto.

I have already asked for the check.

120

chiedere

to ask or request

121

dare

to give

122

dire

to say or tell

123

domandare

to ask a question

124

insegnare

to teach

125

mandare

to send

126

offrire

to offer

127

parlare

to speak

128

portare

to bring or wear

129

rispondere

to respond

130

scrivere

to write

131

spiegare

to explain

132

telefonare

to call

133

espressioni

expressions