6/002.00 USE OF FORCE POLICY Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 6/002.00 USE OF FORCE POLICY Deck (14)
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What is significant force?

any force which results in treatment at a medical facility due to injuries or alleged injuries caused by an officer. Examples include, but are not limited to: skeletal fractures, serious bodily injury or complaint of injury to a person’s head or sternum area. All significant force is reportable force


What Supreme Court Case is allows Officers to use "objectively reasonable force"

Graham v. Connor, 490 U.S. 386 (1989) and expanded by subsequent court cases. The reasonableness of a particular use of force must be judged from the perspective of a reasonable officer on the scene, rather than with 20/20 vision of hindsight. The reasonableness must account for the fact that officers are often forced to make split-second judgments in circumstances that are tense, uncertain and rapidly evolving.


What are the eight prong test when using force?

1. The severity of the crime(s) at issue.
2. Whether the subject poses an immediate threat to the safety of the officer(s) or others.
3. Whether the subject is actively resisting arrest or attempting to evade arrest by flight.
4. The influence of drugs/alcohol or the mental capacity of the subject.
5. The time available to an officer to make a decision.
6. The availability of officers/resources (including the number of officers present at the time) to de-escalate the situation.
7. The proximity or access of weapons to the subject.
8. The environmental factors and/or other exigent circumstances.


True or False and Officers actions will dictate what type of force he/she will use?

False: The subject’s actions will dictate the Resistance Level and officers will make an “objectively reasonable” force option choice.


When may Officers use reasonable force?

1. To protect themselves.
2. To protect others.
3. To affect a lawful detention.
4. To affect a lawful arrest.
5. To conduct a lawful search.
B. If it is not already known by the subject to be detained, arrested or searched, officers should, if
reasonable, make clear their intent to detain, arrest or search the subject. When practical, officers will clearly and audibly identify themselves as a peace officer before using force.


Who must an Officer report to when he see's that his partner has gone clearly beyond the objectively reasonable standard?

Duty to Intervene: Officers will promptly report these observations to a supervisor.


A a person contacted by an officer who acknowledges direction or lawful orders given and offers no passive, active, aggressive or aggravated aggressive resistance is?



A person who is passive resistant is?

the subject is not complying with an officer's commands and is uncooperative, but is taking only minimal physical action to prevent an officer from placing the subject in custody and taking
control. Examples include: standing stationary and not moving upon lawful direction, falling limply and
refusing to use their power to move (becoming "dead weight"), holding onto a fixed object or locking arms
to another during a protest or demonstration.


The subject’s verbal or physical actions are intended to prevent an officer from placing the subject in custody and taking control, but are not directed at harming the officer. Examples include: walking or running away, breaking the officer’s grip is?

Active Resistance


A subject who displays the intent to harm the officer, themselves or another person and prevent an officer from placing the subject in custody and taking control. The aggression may manifest itself through a subject taking a fighting stance, punching, kicking, striking, attacks with weapons or other actions which present an imminent threat of physical harm to the officer or another is?

Aggressive Resistance (fighting)


The the subject’s actions are likely to result in death or serious bodily harm to the officer, themselves or another. These actions may include a firearm, use of a blunt or bladed weapon and extreme physical force is?

Aggravated Aggressive Resistance (deadly force)


What is low level of force?

- a level of force or control that is neither likely nor intended to cause injury. Examples
are: handcuffing a compliant arrestee for transport to a detention facility or proning a subject out on a high-risk vehicle stop.


What is considered Intermediate Force?

a level of force that has the potential to cause injury or substantial pain and is greater than Low Level Force.


What are the elements of deadly force?

Ability, opportunity, Imminent jeopardy, preclusion.