Alcohol is an (essential / non-essential) nutrient.
How is alcohol produced?
Fementation of yeast +/- distillation
What percentage of alcohol is absorbed in the stomach?
"" in the small intestine?
Is alcohol stored in the liver?
No, metabolised immediately to limit damage
When does BAC peak?
30-60 minutes following consumption
What nutritional factor influences BAC?
What is the only factor influencing elimination of alcohol from your system?
Why does a woman's BAC increase quicker than that of a man?
More subcutaneous fat
--> lower blood volume
--> less dilution of alcohol
Food ___ absorption of alcohol and (speeds up / slows down) elimination of alcohol.
speeds up elimination
What is food's effect on gastric emptying?
How else may it contribute to reduced absorption of alcohol?
Slows down gastric emptying
May bind/trap ethanol
Food increases the rate of ___ blood flow.
What effect does this have?
Increases ethanol metabolism in the liver
As food increases the time alcohol has to be absorbed in the stomach, the liver has more time to ___ it.
How many kcal does 1g of alcohol contain?
How many units does a pint of beer tend to contain on average?
Around 2 units
How many units are contained in
a) 1 large glass of wine
b) 1 pint of beer
c) 1 bottle of cider
d) 1 small glass of wine?
a) 3 units
b) 2 units
c) 2 units
d) 2 units
What types of drinking tend to be associated with weight gain?
Heavy / binge drinking
Patients are advised to have ___ non-alcoholic drink between each alcoholic drink.
Should you drink on a full stomach?
Alcoholism increases your risk of nutrient ___.
Which nutrient does ethanol metabolism rely on?
When the liver is damaged, its capacity to store ___ is reduced.
Which hormone, released in the stomach, stimulates appetite?
Alcohol excess ___ your appetite.
In which foods is thiamine found?
Cereals, beans, nuts, yeast, meat
What are the functions of thiamine?
ATP production (Kreb's cycle, so deficiency causes anaerobic respiration > lactic acidosis > brain damage)
Maintenance of peripheral nerves (so deficiency causes peripheral neuropathy > dry beriberi)
What are the three thiamine deficiency diseases?
Which system does dry beriberi affect?
Which system does wet beriberi affect?
Which neurological disease is caused by thiamine deficiency?
What kind of support is recommended for malnourished patients?