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Flashcards in 66 herbs etc. Deck (53):
1

What removed dietary supplements from FDA regulation?

Dietary Supplement Health and education Act- 1994

2

When can FDA intervene on dietary supplements?

on complaints from public

3

What 4 things are considered dietary supplements?

vitamins
minerals
amino acids
herbs/botanicals

4

What are the two essential categories that dietary supplements can be subdivided into?

1. compounds normally present in a healthy diet= dietary supplements
2. Plant extracts not typically present in a normal healthy diet=herbals

5

What is the following dietary supplement used for, vitamin A?

vision, skin

6

What is the following dietary supplement used for, b complex?

energy

7

What is the following dietary supplement used for, vitamin C?

colds

8

What is the following dietary supplement used for vitamin E?

aging

9

What is the following dietary supplement used for- calcium?

fractures/osteoporsis

10

What is the following dietary supplement used for- potassium?

hypertension (diuretc adjunct)

11

What is the following dietary supplement used for- magnesium?

hheart/circulation

12

What is the following dietary supplement used for- chromium?

blood sugar/diabetes???

13

What is the following dietary supplement used for--zinc?

colds/immune

14

What is the following dietary supplement used for-olive oil, fish oil, omega-3?

lowers risk of heart disease

15

What is the following dietary supplement used for- various amino acids?

energy drinks--for energy

16

What is the following dietary supplement used for-oat bran/

decrease cholesterol

17

What is the following dietary supplement used for soy products?

lessen heart disease risk and osteoporosis?

18

What is the following dietary supplement used for-melatonin?

sleep aid

19

What is the following dietary supplement used for glucosamine and chondroitin sulfate?

osteoarthritis

20

What is the following dietary supplement used for androstenedione?

increase strength

21

What is the following dietary supplement used for DHEA?

aging

22

what is the following medications paired plant source- atropine?

belladonaa

23

what is the following medications paired plant source--warfarin?

woodruff

24

what is the following medications paired plant source--digitalis digoxin?

foxglove

25

what is the following medications paired plant source- opium?

poppy

26

what is the following medications paired plant source --aspirin?

willow bark

27

what is the following medications paired plant source--taxols (paclitaxol)?

yew plant

28

What are the 2 basic types of herbs?

single source herbals
complex herbals

29

What are the 3 major concerns of herbals?

1. efficacy
2. lack of purity
3. lack of consistency in content

30

What general herbal category does green tea, garlic, and red grapes belong to?

Anti oxidants (cancer, atherosclerosis, aging)

31

What general herbal category does echninacea belong to?

immunomodulators

32

What general herbal class does kava and valerian belong to?

sedatives

33

What general class of herbals does guarana, ma huang, ephedra, and tobacco belong to?

stimulants

34

What is ginger used for?

upset stomach

35

What is ginkgo biloba used for?

memory loss, arterial disease, vertigo, tinnitus

36

What is licorice used for?

expectorant, endocrine modulator

37

What is saw pametto used for?

benign prostatic hypertrophy

38

What is St. John's wort used for?

anxiety /depression

39

What is a complex herbal?

mixture of single source herbals marketed as commercial products

40

What toxicity is ma huang (ephedra) known for?

CV related deaths

41

What toxicity is hydroxycut known for?

liver toxicity, confirmed deaths

42

When should use of licorice be avoided?

in hypertensive people- sympathomimetic

43

What does iron, magnesium, calcium and zinc to to absorption of quinolone and tetracycline antibiotics?

prevents it

44

St. John's wort does what to antidepressants?

enhance efficacy

45

ginko, ginseng and ginger do what to coagulation?

antiplatelet effects

46

Who and when was homeopathy developed? what was the idea?

1. samuel hahnemann 1796
2. treat symptoms, physical and psychological state of patient

47

Homeopathy uses what instead of drugs?

remedies

48

The potency of remedies increases with what?

greater dilution

49

What is the x, c, and m dilution?

x=1:10
C=1:100
M=1:1000

50

What is the angostura homeopathic remedy used for?

[bark of galipea cusp aria] for rheumatism and difficulty walking

51

What is homeopathic remedy gentian lutea used for?

fstomach disorders and increased appetite

52

What is oscillococcinum used for? what is it from?

influenza
duck liver

53

What is zicam used for ?

cold remedy, and allergy remedy