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Flashcards in 65 OTC Deck (57)
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1

What are the 3 classification of drugs? And, what law/year came up with that?

1. Prescription/legend-Durham Humphrey Amendments FDC act-1951
2. OTC- Durham Humphrey
3. Vitamins, minerals, and herbs- Dietary Supplement Health and Education- 1994

2

When is FDA involved for dietary supplements and herbals?

Only if safety concerns

3

What drug category falls under safe use w/minimal supervision?

OTC drugs

4

What category of drugs are regulated by FDA?

legend/ OTC

5

Does testing for efficacy for dietary/herbs exist? safety?

1. No
2. left to the manufacturer

6

What drug category has ongoing testing efficacy and ongoing?

OTC Drugs

7

Give 3 reasons for why we should be familiar with OTC agents?

1. Effective in treating common ailments
2. May worsen existing conditions or interfere with prescriptions
3. misuse/abuse may produce complications

8

What is a category I agent?

Useful and safe

9

What is a category 2 agent?

Unsafe or not useful

10

What is a category 3 agent?

unsure

11

What OTC category does brompheniramine and chlorpheniramine belong to?

H1 antihistamines- 1st gen-allergies

12

What OTC category does clemastine belong to?

H1 antihistamine-allergy- 1st gen

13

What OTC category does cetirizine and fexofenadine and loratadine belong to?

2nd Gen H1 antihistamine- allergy

14

What OTC category does dextromethorphan belong to?

antitussive- with codeine

15

What OTC category does oxymetazoline and xylometazoline belong to?

topical decongestants

16

What OTC category does guaifenesin belong to?

expectorants- reduce pulmonary mutants

17

What OTC category does benzoyl peroxide belong to?

acne vulgaris treatment

18

What OTC category does bismuth subsalicylate belong to?

miscellaneous antidiarrheal prepartions

19

What OTC category does polycarbophil, psyllium, and methyl cellulose?

bulk-forming laxative for constipation

20

What OTC category does Mg OH and polyethylene glycol belong to?

Osmotic laxative- for constipation

21

What OTC category does glycerin and bisacodyl belong to?

irritant laxative- for constipation

22

What OTC category does cyclizine and meclizine belong to?

antiemetics- prevent or treat motion sickness

23

What OTC category does diphenhydramine belong to?

A few- sleep aid, anti emetics etc.

24

What OTC category does doxylamine belong to?

sleep aids- for insomnia

25

What OTC category does nicotine polacrilex belong to?

smoking cessation

26

What OTC category does naphazoline and tetrahydrozoline belong to?

ophthalmic vasoconstrictors- for bloodshot eyes

27

What OTC category does orlistat belong to?

weight loss- for obesity

28

What does it mean when a prescription only agent is now available as OTC?

demonstrated that it is safe for general use

29

What does the FDA keep systematically reviewing ?

OTC products for efficacy and safety- categories 1 and III-- remember II was already proven to be unsafe

30

What are the 3 hidden drugs found in analgesics?

antihistamines, caffeine, sympathomimetics