Flashcards in 65 OTC Deck (57)
What are the 3 classification of drugs? And, what law/year came up with that?
1. Prescription/legend-Durham Humphrey Amendments FDC act-1951
2. OTC- Durham Humphrey
3. Vitamins, minerals, and herbs- Dietary Supplement Health and Education- 1994
When is FDA involved for dietary supplements and herbals?
Only if safety concerns
What drug category falls under safe use w/minimal supervision?
What category of drugs are regulated by FDA?
Does testing for efficacy for dietary/herbs exist? safety?
2. left to the manufacturer
What drug category has ongoing testing efficacy and ongoing?
Give 3 reasons for why we should be familiar with OTC agents?
1. Effective in treating common ailments
2. May worsen existing conditions or interfere with prescriptions
3. misuse/abuse may produce complications
What is a category I agent?
Useful and safe
What is a category 2 agent?
Unsafe or not useful
What is a category 3 agent?
What OTC category does brompheniramine and chlorpheniramine belong to?
H1 antihistamines- 1st gen-allergies
What OTC category does clemastine belong to?
H1 antihistamine-allergy- 1st gen
What OTC category does cetirizine and fexofenadine and loratadine belong to?
2nd Gen H1 antihistamine- allergy
What OTC category does dextromethorphan belong to?
antitussive- with codeine
What OTC category does oxymetazoline and xylometazoline belong to?
What OTC category does guaifenesin belong to?
expectorants- reduce pulmonary mutants
What OTC category does benzoyl peroxide belong to?
acne vulgaris treatment
What OTC category does bismuth subsalicylate belong to?
miscellaneous antidiarrheal prepartions
What OTC category does polycarbophil, psyllium, and methyl cellulose?
bulk-forming laxative for constipation
What OTC category does Mg OH and polyethylene glycol belong to?
Osmotic laxative- for constipation
What OTC category does glycerin and bisacodyl belong to?
irritant laxative- for constipation
What OTC category does cyclizine and meclizine belong to?
antiemetics- prevent or treat motion sickness
What OTC category does diphenhydramine belong to?
A few- sleep aid, anti emetics etc.
What OTC category does doxylamine belong to?
sleep aids- for insomnia
What OTC category does nicotine polacrilex belong to?
What OTC category does naphazoline and tetrahydrozoline belong to?
ophthalmic vasoconstrictors- for bloodshot eyes
What OTC category does orlistat belong to?
weight loss- for obesity
What does it mean when a prescription only agent is now available as OTC?
demonstrated that it is safe for general use
What does the FDA keep systematically reviewing ?
OTC products for efficacy and safety- categories 1 and III-- remember II was already proven to be unsafe