#7 Gastrointestinal Medications Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in #7 Gastrointestinal Medications Deck (40)
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Phenergan generic

promethazine (Rx)

1

Phenergan dosage

1 25mg tablet or rectal suppository every 4-6 hrs as needed

2

Phenergan indications

Prevents and teats nausea/vomiting
Motion sickness
(Pick correct dosage form for symptoms)

3

Phenergan counseling tips

Drowsiness
Dizziness
Avoid alcohol due to enhanced drowsiness
Sun sensitivity

4

Zofran/Zofran ODT generic

ondansetron (Rx)

5

Zofran dosage

1 8mg tablet or ODT prior to need, then every 8 hrs as needed

6

Zofran indications

Prevents nausea/vomiting
Non-FDA approved for treatment of vomiting

7

Zofran counseling tips

Fatigue
Headache
Constipation or diarrhea

8

Prilosec/Prilosec OTC generic

omeprazole (Rx and OTC)

9

Prilosec dosage

1 20 mg DR capsule (Rx) or (DR) tablet (OTC) daily

10

Prilosec indications

Acid reflux/indigestion
Prevention and treatment of ulcers

11

Prilosec counseling tips

Works in 1 day, up to 4 days for full effect
Food delays absorption - take 1 hr before food
Separate from antacids by 2 hrs

12

Pepcid/Pepcid AC generic

famotidine (Rx and OTC)

13

Pepcid dosage

1 20mg tablet twice daily

14

Pepcid indications

Acid reflux/indigestion
Prevention and treatment of ulcers

15

Pepcid counseling tips

Works in 1 day
Can be taken with antacids

16

Maalox Advanced generic

magnesium hydroxide, aluminum hydroxide, simethicone (OTC)

17

Maalox Advanced dosage

2-4 tsp of (200mg/200mg/20mg per 5 ml) suspension 4 times a day as needed

18

Maalox Advanced indications

AlOH, MgOH: Acute acid reflux/indigestion
Simethicone: Relief of gas pressure/bloating

19

Maalox Advanced counseling tips

Shake well
Works within minutes
Many drug-drug interactions
Constipation (aluminum)
Diarrhea (magnesium and simethicone)

20

Tums generic

calcium carbonate (OTC)

21

Tums dosage

Chew 2-4 (500 or 750mg) tablets as needed
MAX for indigestion: 7500mg/day
MAX for supplement: 2500mg/day

22

Tums indications

Calcium supplement
Acute acid reflux/indigestion (non-FDA)

23

Tums counseling tips

Constipation
Chew before swallowing

24

Colace generic

docusate sodium (OTC)

25

Colace dosage

1-2 (100mg) capsules daily in divided doses

26

Colace indications

Stool softener to relieve constipation (draws water into the stool)

27

Colace counseling tips

Works 1-3 days
Interfere with absorption of some medications so separate by 2 hrs
Take with a full glass of water
Diarrhea and cramps

28

MiraLAX generic

polyethylene glycol (PEG) (Rx and OTC)
MiraLAX is OTC

29

MiraLAX dosage

1 capful (17g per capful of powder for suspension) dissolved in 8 oz. of liquid daily
Colonoscopy prep: Up to 1 gallon