7. NAVEDTRA 10244 Basic Music (Excluding APP C, CH1, CH 14) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 7. NAVEDTRA 10244 Basic Music (Excluding APP C, CH1, CH 14) Deck (203)
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1

Define Divided Notes

Slashes or strokes through the stem of a note. Indicates to divide notes into equal lesser values using given pitch.

2

Cross-strokes (aka "slash" notation) indicate what?

Repeated beats.

3

Name 4 octave signs which indicate "octave"

8va, 8ve, 8, ottava

4

Sign for "octave lower"

8va bassa

5

Sign for "octave higher"

8va alta

6

Sign for "with octave"

con 8va

7

Sign for "where written"

loco

8

Name 8 melodic ornaments

Acciaccatura (grace note)AppoggiaturaDouble Grace Note (disjunct)Multiple Grace Note (conjunct)MordentTurn (gruppetto)TrillInverted Trill

9

What type of melodic ornament is indicated by an 8th note in small type with a slash through it?

Acciaccatura or Grace Note

10

This melodic ornament is usually performed before the beat, taking its time value from the preceding note and is very short.

Acciaccatura or Grace Note

11

This melodic ornament, when used in music of the Baroque and/or Classic periods (Haydn, Mozart, Handel, etc.), occurs ON the beat, taking its time value from the succeeding note and is very short.

Acciaccatura or Grace Note

12

A note in small type whose time value is NOT counted in the rhythm of the measure, always occurs on the beat & takes its time value from the succeeding note.

Appoggiatura

13

What value would you give the appoggiatura that precedes a note whose time value is divisible by 2?

1/2 of the value (quarter = appoggiatura = eighth note)

14

What value would you give the appoggiatura that precedes a note whose time value is divisible by 3?

2/3 of the value (dotted half = appoggiatura = half note or 2 quarters)

15

Two notes (usually 1 above and 1 below principal note) which may be performed on the beat or before the beat, depending on the character of the music. (NOTE: Standard practice is before the beat)

Double Grace Note

16

Why is a double grace note disjunct?

It is typically 1 note below & 1 note above the principal note.

17

A scale wise series of 2 or more small notes usually performed before the beat; although sometimes performed on the beat, depending on the character of the music.

Multiple Grace Note

18

Why is a multiple grace note considered conjunct?

The notes are scale or step wise.

19

A single or double alternation of the principal note with it's lower neighbor - or with its upper neighbor when inverted.

Mordent

20

What's the difference in notation of a mordent and a double mordent?

Mordent has a straight line through the squiggle, inverted does not.

21

Alternation of the principal note with its upper AND lower neighbor, consisting of 4 notes.

Turn or Gruppetto

22

If a turn sign is placed over the principal note, where does the turn start and where does the value come from?

It begins on the upper neighbor & takes it's time from the 1st part of the principal note.

23

If a turn sign is placed between 2 notes of different pitch, where is it performed?

It starts on the upper neighbor and is performed on the last part of the principal (first) note.

24

If a turn sign is placed between 2 notes of the same pitch, how is it performed?

The first 3 notes are performed on the last part of the principal note - the second "same" pitch becomes becomes the 4th note of the turn.

25

If a turn sign is placed after a dotted note, how is it performed?

Performed the same as if placed between 2 notes of same pitch. (The first 3 notes are performed on the last part of the principal note - the second "same" pitch becomes becomes the 4th note of the turn).

26

If a turn is inverted, how is it performed?

The upper & lower neighbors change places - in other words, start the turn on the lower neighbor instead of the upper.

27

What's the difference in the notation of a turn & an inverted turn?

The sign - sideways "S" - looks like a correct "S" - on its side if it's inverted. A regular turn is similar to a "2" on its side.

28

A rapid alternation of the principal note with its upper neighbor, lasting the duration of the note value or to the end of the wavy line.

Trill

29

A trill is often followed by this as a completion of the trill.

1 or more grace notes.

30

If grace notes are not indicated following a trill, what is the common practice?

A single alternation with the lower neighbor of the principal - ending on the principal.