Flashcards in 70-410 - Roles and Features Deck (21)
Active Directory Certificate Services
Feature: Active Directory Certificate Services (AD CS) provides a customizable set of services that allows you to issue and manage public key infrastructure (PKI) certificates. These certificates can be used in software security systems that employ public key technologies.
Role: Active Directory Certificate Services (AD CS) in Windows Server 2012 is the server role that allows you to build a public key infrastructure (PKI) and provide public key cryptography, digital certificates, and digital signature capabilities for your organization.
Active Directory Domain Services
The Active Directory Domain Services (AD DS) server role allows you to create a scalable, secure, and manageable infrastructure for user and resource management and provide support for directory-enabled applications, such as Microsoft Exchange Server.
Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services (AD LDS) is a Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP) directory service that provides flexible support for directory-enabled applications, without the dependencies and domain-related restrictions of AD DS.
Active Directory Federation Services
Active Directory Federation Services (AD FS) provides Internet-based clients with a secure identity access solution that works on both Windows and non-Windows operating systems. AD FS gives users the ability to do a single sign-on (SSO) and access applications on other networks without needing a secondary password.
Active Directory Rights Management Services
Active Directory Rights Management Services (AD RMS) in Windows Server 2012 is the server role that provides you with management and development tools that work with industry security technologies including encryption, certificates, and authentication to help organizations create reliable information protection solutions.
Application Server provides an integrated environment for deploying and running custom, server-based business applications.
The Failover Clustering feature provides a way to create, configure, and manage failover clusters for up to 4,000 virtual machines or up to 64 physical nodes.
File and Storage Services
File and Storage Services allows an administrator to set up and manage one or more file servers. These servers can provide a central location on your network where you can store files and then share those files with network users. If users require access to the same files and applications, or if centralized backup and file management are important issues for your organization, administrators should set up network servers as a file server.
The Hyper-V role allows administrators to create and manage a virtualized environment by taking advantage of the technology built into the Windows Server 2012 operating system. When an administrator installs the Hyper-V role, all required virtualization components are installed.
This feature allows administrators to design, deploy, and maintain a Windows Server 2012 network. The networking features include 802.1X authenticated wired and wireless access, BranchCache, Data Center Bridging, low-latency workloads technologies, and many more.
Network Load Balancing
The Network Load Balancing (NLB) feature dispenses traffic across multiple servers by using the TCP/IP networking protocol. By combining two or more computers that are running applications in Windows Server 2012 into a single virtual cluster, NLB provides reliability and performance for mission-critical servers.
Print and Document Services
Print and Document Services allows an administrator to centralize print server and network printer tasks. This role allows you also to receive scanned documents from network scanners and route the documents to a shared network resource, Windows SharePoint Services site, or email addresses. Print and Document Services also provides fax servers with the ability to send and receive faxes while also giving the administrator the ability to manage fax resources such as jobs, settings, reports, and fax devices on the fax server.
Remote Desktop Services
Remote Desktop Services allows for faster desktop and application deployments to any device, improving remote user effectiveness while helping to keep critical data secure. Remote Desktop Services allows for both a virtual desktop infrastructure (VDI) and session-based desktops, allowing users to connect from anywhere.
Security and Protection
Windows Server 2012 has many new and improved security features for your organization. These security features include Access Control, AppLocker, BitLocker, Credential Locker, Kerberos, NTLM, passwords, security auditing, smart cards, and Windows Biometric Framework (WBF).
The Telemetry service allows the Windows Feedback Forwarder to send feedback to Microsoft automatically by deploying a Group Policy setting to one or more organizational units. Windows Feedback Forwarder is available on all editions of Windows Server 2012, including Server Core.
Windows Server 2012 Volume Activation will help your organization benefit from using this service to deploy and manage volume licenses for a medium to large number of computers.
Web Server (IIS)
The Web Server (IIS) role in Windows Server 2012 allows an administrator to set up a secure, easy-to-manage, modular, and extensible platform for reliably hosting websites, services, and applications.
Windows Deployment Services
Windows Deployment Services allow an administrator to install a Windows operating system over the network. Administrators do not have to install each operating system directly from a CD or DVD.
Windows Server Backup Feature
The Windows Server Backup feature gives an organization a way to back up and restore Windows servers. You can use Windows Server Backup to back up the entire server (all volumes), selected volumes, the system state, or specific files or folders.
Windows Server Update Services
Windows Server Update Services (WSUS) allows administrators to deploy application and operating system updates. By deploying WSUS, administrators have the ability to manage updates that are released through Microsoft Update to computers in their network. This feature is integrated with the operating system as a server role on a Windows Server 2012 system.