70-410 - Installing and Configuring Windows Server 2012 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 70-410 - Installing and Configuring Windows Server 2012 Deck (35)
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1

What is the Powershell command to install Hyper-V?

Install-WindowsFeature -Name Hyper-V -ComputerName -IncludeManagementTools -Restart

2

What is group policy?

Group policies are set of rules and management configuration options that you control through the Group Policy settings. These policy settings can be placed on users' computers throughout the organization.

3

What is Active Directory Domain Services?

The AD DS server role allows you to create a scalable, secure, and manageable infrastructure for user and resource management and to provide support for directory Dash enabled applications, such as Microsoft Exchange Server.

4

What is Active Directory Federation services?

Active Directory Federation Services (AD FS) provides internet based clients with a secure identity access solution that works on both windows and non-Windows operating systems. AD FS gives users the ability to do a single sign-on (SSO) and access applications on other networks without needing a secondary password.

5

What is Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services?

Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services (AD LDS) is a Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP) directory service that provides flexible support for directory-enabled applications, without the dependencies

6

What is Windows Server 2012 R2 server core?

This is a bare-bones installation of Windows Server 2012 R2. No graphical user interface (GUI). Strictly managed by command line interface.

7

What is the Powershell command to convert from server core mode to server with GUI mode?

Install-WindowsFeature Server-Gui-Mgmt-Infra, Server-Gui-Shell -Restart

8

What is the Powershell command to uninstall server GUI mode?

Uninstall-WindowsFeature Server-Gui-Mgmt-Infra -restart

9

What are the steps to install a removed roll or feature using a WIM image?

1). Get-windowsimage -imagepath \install.wim

2). Install-WindowsFeature featurename -Source wim: path: index

*Requires administrator privileges*

10

1. You are the administrator for the ABC Company. You are looking to install Windows Server 2012, and you need to decide which version to install. You need to install a version of Windows that is just for logon authentication and nothing else. You want the most secure option. What should you install?

A. Windows Server 2012 Datacenter with GUI

B. Windows Server 2012 Datacenter Server Core

C. Windows Server 2012 Standard with GUI

D. Windows Server 2012 Web Server Core

B. Windows Server 2012 Server Core is a more secure, slimmed-down version of Windows Server. Web versions of Windows Server 2012 are not available. You would use Windows Server 2012 Standard as a Web server.

11

You are the IT manager for a large organization. One of your coworkers installed a new Windows Server 2012 Datacenter Server Core machine, but now the IT team has decided that it should be a Windows Server 2012 Datacenter with GUI. What should you do?

A. Reinstall Windows Server 2012 Datacenter Server Core on the same machine.

B. Install a new machine with Windows Server 2012 Datacenter Server Core.

C. Convert the current Windows Server 2012 Datacenter Server Core to the Windows Server 2012 Datacenter with GUI version.

D. Dual-boot the machine with both Windows Server 2012 Datacenter Server Core and Windows Server 2012 Datacenter with GUI.

C. One of the new advantages of Windows Server 2012 is that you can convert Server Core and GUI versions without the need to reinstall the operating system files completely.

12

You are the administrator for your company, and you are looking at upgrading your Windows Server 2008 web server to Windows Server 2012. Which version of Windows Server 2012 does Microsoft recommend that you use?

A. Windows Server 2012 Datacenter

B. Windows Server 2012 Standard

C. Windows Server 2012 Essentials

D. Windows Server 2012 Foundation

B. Microsoft recommends that you upgrade your Windows Server 2008 or Windows Server 2008 R2 Web server to Windows Server 2012 Standard.

13

4. You are looking at upgrading your Windows Server 2008 R2 Enterprise with SP2 machine to Windows Server 2012. Your organization is considering virtualizing its entire server room, which has 25 servers. To which version of Windows Server 2012 would you upgrade?

A. Windows Server 2012 Datacenter

B. Windows Server 2012 Standard

C. Windows Server 2012 Essentials

D. Windows Server 2012 Foundation

A. Windows Server 2012 Datacenter was designed for organizations that are seeking to migrate to a highly virtualized, private cloud environment. Windows Server 2012 Datacenter has full Windows Server functionality with unlimited virtual instances.

14

You have been hired to help a small company set up its first Windows network. It has had the same 13 users for the entire two years it has been open, and the company has no plans to expand. What version of Windows Server 2012 would you recommend?

A. Windows Server 2012 Datacenter

B. Windows Server 2012 Standard

C. Windows Server 2012 Essentials

D. Windows Server 2012 Foundation

D. Windows Server 2012 Foundation was designed for smaller companies that need a Windows Server experience for as few as 15 users. Windows Server 2012 Foundation is general-purpose server with basic server functionality and no virtualization rights.

15

You have been hired to help a small company set up their Windows network. They have 20 users, and they have no plans to expand. What version of Windows Server 2012 would you recommend?

A. Windows Server 2012 Datacenter

B. Windows Server 2012 Standard

C. Windows Server 2012 Essentials

D. Windows Server 2012 Foundation

C. Windows Server 2012 Essentials is ideal for small businesses that have as many as 25 users and 50 devices. It has a simple interface, preconfigured connectivity to cloud-based services, and no virtualization rights.

16

Which of the following are benefits of using Windows Server 2012 Server Core? (Choose all that apply.)

A. Reduced management

B. Minimal maintenance

C. Smaller footprint

D. Tighter security

A, B, C, D. All four answers are advantages of using Windows Server 2012 Server Core. Server Core is a smaller installation of Windows Server and therefore all four answers apply.

17

You have been asked to configure a Windows Server 2012 Datacenter Server Core machine. Which remote configuration applications can you use to configure this server from your machine? (Choose all that apply.)

A. Windows Remote Management

B. Command prompt

C. Windows PowerShell

D. Microsoft Remote Admin (MRA)

A, C. Windows Remote Management and Windows PowerShell allow an administrator to configure a Windows Server 2012 machine remotely. The command prompt is used locally on a Windows Server 2012 Server Core system, and there is no application called Microsoft Remote Admin (MRA).

18

You are a server administrator, and you are trying to save hard drive space on your Windows Server 2012 Datacenter machine. Which feature can help you save hard disk space?

A. HDSaver.exe

B. Features On Demand

C. AD DS

D. WinRM

B. Windows Server 2012 Features On Demand allows an administrator not only to disable a role or feature but also to remove the role or feature’s files completely from the hard disk.

19

You are working on a Windows Server 2012 Datacenter Server Core system. You need to view which roles and services are installed on the machine. Which PowerShell cmdlet can you use to see this?

A. Get-event

B. New-event

C. Trace-command

D. Get-WindowsFeature

D. The Get-WindowsFeature cmdlet allows an administrator to view a list of available and installed roles and features on the local server.

20

What does DNS stand for?

"Domain Name System"

21

Properties of RAID 0

RAID Type: disk striping

Fault tolerance: No

Advantages: Fast reads and writes.

Minimum number of disks: 2

Maximum number of disks: 32

22

Properties of RAID 1

RAID Ttpe: Disk Mirroring

Fault tolerance: Yes

Advantages: Data redundancy and faster writes than RAID-5

Minimum number of disks: 2

Maximum number of disks: 2

23

Properties of RAID 5

RAID Tupe: Disk striping with parity

Faut tolerance: Yes

Advantages: Data redundancy withl-ess overhead and faster reads than RAID-1.

Minimum number of disks: 3

Maximum number of disks: 32

24

What is MPIO?

Multipath I/O

-Allows the ability to have redundant physical.

- Made Possible due to Microsoft DSM. A driver that communicates with storage devices. (iSCSI, Fibre Channel, or SAS)

Load balance policies: Failover, Failback, Round Robin, Round robin with a subset of paths, Dynamic Least Queue Depth, Weighted Path.

25

What is Bitlocker?

BitLocker is a tool that allows you to encrypt the hard drives of your computer. By encrypting the hard drives, you can provide enhanced protection against data theft or unauthorized exposure of your computers or removable drives that are lost or stolen.

26

What is DHCP?

"Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol" (DHCP) is an Internet standard that allows organizations to reduce the administration overhead of configuring hosts on a TCP/IP-based network. Some of the new features are DHCP failover, policy-based assignment, and the ability to use Windows PowerShell for DHCP Server.

27

What is Remote Desktop Services?

Before Windows Server 2008, we use to refer to this as Terminal Services. Remote Desktop Services allows users to connect to virtual desktops, RemoteApp programs, and session-based desktops. Using Remote Desktop Services allows users to access remote connections from within a corporate network or from the Internet.

28

What are the steps for using the Windows Server Migration Tool?

1). Install Windows Server Migration Tool on destination servers.

2). Create deployment folders on destination servers.

3). Copy deployment folders from destination servers to source servers.

4). Register Windows Server Migration Tool on source servers.

*You must be a member of the Administrators group.*

29

What is the PowerShell command to install the Windows Server Migration Tool?

Install-WindowsFeature Migration –ComputerName computer_name

30

What are the benefits of installing Windows Server core?

Reduced Management - Because Server Core has a minimum number of applications installed, it reduces management.

Minimal Maintenance - Only basic systems can be installed on Server Core, so it reduces the upkeep you would need in a normal server installation.

Smaller Footprint Server - Core requires only 1 GB of disk space to install and 2 GB of free space for operations.

Tighter Security - With only a few applications running on a server, it is less vulnerable to attacks.

31

What is Windows Remote Management (WinRM) used for?

The WinRM utility allows you to execute commands remotely and obtain management data from local and remote computers. You can use the WinRM utility on both Windows-based operating systems and non-Windows-based operating systems.

32

What roles are supported by Server core?

-Active Directory Domain Services (AD DS)
-Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services (AD LDS)
-DHCP Server
-DNS Server
-File Services
-BITS Server
-BranchCache
-Hyper-V IIS
-Print and Document Services
-Streaming Media Services
-iSCSI
-Load Balancing
-MPIO
-qWave
-Telnet
-Unix Migration
-Active Directory Certificate Services

33

What is a DNS client?

A DNS client is any machine that issues queries to a DNS server. The client hostname may or may not be registered in a DNS database. Clients issue DNS requests through processes called resolvers . You’ll sometimes see the terms client and resolver used synonymously.

34

In terms of DNS, what is a 'Resolver'?

Resolvers are software processes, sometimes implemented in software libraries, that handle the actual process of finding the answers to queries for DNS data. The resolver is also built into many larger pieces of software so that external libraries don’t have to be called to make and process DNS queries. Resolvers can be what you’d consider client computers or other DNS servers attempting to resolve an answer on behalf of a client (for example, Internet Explorer).

35

In terms of DNS, what is a 'Query'?

A query is a request for information sent to a DNS server. Three types of queries can be made to a DNS server: recursive, inverse, and iterative. We’ll discuss the differences between these query types in the section “DNS Queries” a bit later in the chapter.