7B: Social Processes that Influence Human Behavior Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 7B: Social Processes that Influence Human Behavior Deck (31):
1

Social Facilitation

Tendency people have to perform simple tasks better when in the presence of other people

Inversely, performing a new or complex task in presence of other people can be harder

Example of expert bassoonist

2

Yerkes-Dodson Law of Social Facilitation

Simple tasks are performed better with high arousal

Difficult tasks are performed worse with high arousal

3

Deindividuation

Tendency people have to lose self-awareness in a large group setting

Provides high sense of arousal and low sense of responsibility

4

What are three important factors contributing to deindividuation?

Anonymity
Diffused Responsibility
Group Size (increases previous two)

5

Bystander Effect

Phenomenon of group psych in which people do not offer to help a victim if there are other people present

More bystanders = less likelihood of someone helping

6

Components of Bystander Effect

Diffusion of responsibility - someone else will do it

Human social behavior - less likely to notice dangerous situation when in large groups of people

7

Social Loafing

Putting in less effort when they are in a group setting, especially if being evaluated as a whole rather than individually

Think pledge classes

8

Social Loafing and Social Facilitation Relationship

When group decreases your concern of being evaluated individually, social loafing can happen

When group increases concern of being evaluated individually, social facilitation can happen

9

Group Polarization

Tendency of groups to make decisions that are notably more extreme than the individual opinions of its members

10

Informational Influence

Most common ideas to emerge out of group discussion are the ones most in line with with dominant, majority viewpoint

Encourage moderate members to take a stronger stance

11

Normative Influence

Pull we feel of being socially desired, accepted, admired, or just liked

12

Groupthink

Desire for group harmony and individual conformity that group makes irrational decisions

13

Janis' Eight Factors of Groupthink

Collective Rationalization
Excessive Stereotyping
Illusion of Invulnerability
Illusion of Morality
Illusion of Unanimity
Mindguards
Pressure on Dissenters
Self-Censorship

14

Social Norms

Rules, spoken or unspoken, that a group or society has for behavior, beliefs, attitudes, and value of its members

15

Sanctions

Means by which norms are enforced, punishments or rewards for behaving in line or against norms

16

Formal Norms

Written down, specific norms such as a law

Associated with penalty for violating them

17

Informal Norm

Generally understood, but not written down

Typically no penalty for violating them

Facing the opposite direction in an elevator

18

Mores

Informal Norms that carry major importance for society, and if broken, can result in social sanctions

Daughter moving in with boyfriend, parents get mad

19

Folkways

Informal norms with less attached significance

Stills shape everyday behavior

Eating steak with your hands at a restaurant

20

Deviance

Violation of social norm, ranging from wearing shorts in 20 degree weather to killing someone

Can also be positive (i.e. protesting segregation)

21

Differential Association Model

Posits that deviance and patterns of deviance are learned through learning by interactions with others

22

Conformity

Matching one's attitudes, behavior, beliefs to social norms

Can be divided into internalization and identification

23

Compliance

Change in behavior in response to direct request, usually from person who does not have authority

Anyone can get compliance

24

Obedience

Change in behavior in response to direct request, but from someone in authority

Way more likely to obey than to comply

25

Labeling Theory

Posits that labels that people are given socially affect how others see them, but also, how they see themselves

Someone labeled an alcoholic may be motivated to drink more, or to take actions to conform to social expectations

26

Socialization

Lifelong process of inheriting, developing, and disseminating social norms, customs, and belief systems

This is how we develop skills necessary for social living

27

Primary Socialization

Learning of acceptable actions and attitudes during childhood, mostly from family, teachers, and other authority figures

28

Secondary Socialization

Process of learning what is acceptable and appropriate in a smaller, more focused section of society

Learning how to behave at school or in the workplace

29

Anticipatory Socialization

How we prepare for future changes

Security guard prepares to take on the night shift

30

Resocialization

How we get rid of old behaviors in order to take on new ones

How I changed after coming to FH

31

Agents of Socialization

Factors that drive and have the most influence over our socialization

Work
Media
Family
School
Religion
Peers
Government