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Religious Studies - A Level OCR - Ethics > Natural Law > Flashcards

Flashcards in Natural Law Deck (8)
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1
Q

What is moral absolutism?

A

There are unchanging standards by which moral actions should be judged by, and they should not change on the situation.

2
Q

What is legalism?

A

There should be strict adherence to a moral or religious code.

3
Q

What are the two types of theology?

A
  • natural theology - what we can work out from the world around us
  • revealed theology - God head coming down and telling someone something
4
Q

Name an example of natural theology.

A
  • cosmological arguments
5
Q

Name an example of revealed theology.

A
  • Krishna telling Arjuna about avanashramadharma
  • Angel Gabriel to Mary
  • the 10 commandments
6
Q

Who developed the idea of natural law?

A
  • Thomas Aquinas
7
Q

What influenced Aquinas’ idea of natural law?

A
  • there is nothing in revealed theology that we cannot work out through natural theology.
  • there are things in natural theology that have not been revealed through revealed theology
  • influenced by Plato’s idea of function.
  • we try to do good things (our nature), when we get things wrong, we are malfunctioning, i.e. sinning.
  • we need to be free to choose between animalistic reflexes (instinct) and choices (rationality).
  • in order to be good, we must observe natural law and decide what the key is.
8
Q

What is Aquinas’ natural law?

A
  • We have an inbuilt want to survive
  • We want to do good
  • We want to continue the human race
  • Educate the young
  • Worship God