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Religious Studies - A Level OCR - Ethics > Natural Law > Flashcards

Flashcards in Natural Law Deck (8)
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1

What is moral absolutism?

There are unchanging standards by which moral actions should be judged by, and they should not change on the situation.

2

What is legalism?

There should be strict adherence to a moral or religious code.

3

What are the two types of theology?

- natural theology - what we can work out from the world around us
- revealed theology - God head coming down and telling someone something

4

Name an example of natural theology.

- cosmological arguments

5

Name an example of revealed theology.

- Krishna telling Arjuna about avanashramadharma
- Angel Gabriel to Mary
- the 10 commandments

6

Who developed the idea of natural law?

- Thomas Aquinas

7

What influenced Aquinas' idea of natural law?

- there is nothing in revealed theology that we cannot work out through natural theology.
- there are things in natural theology that have not been revealed through revealed theology
- influenced by Plato's idea of function.
- we try to do good things (our nature), when we get things wrong, we are malfunctioning, i.e. sinning.
- we need to be free to choose between animalistic reflexes (instinct) and choices (rationality).
- in order to be good, we must observe natural law and decide what the key is.

8

What is Aquinas' natural law?

- We have an inbuilt want to survive
- We want to do good
- We want to continue the human race
- Educate the young
- Worship God