9/29/15 Flashcards Preview

Ocular disease > 9/29/15 > Flashcards

Flashcards in 9/29/15 Deck (19)
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1

What risk is associated with nanophthalmos or simple microphthalmos?

angle closure glaucoma due to large lens relative to globe

2

What risk is associated with microcornea?

shallow AC and risk of angle closure glaucoma

3

What risk is associated with megalocornea?

subluxation of lens due to loose zonules

4

What risk is associated with cornea plana?

angle closure

5

What risks are associated with aniridia? (2)

cataract (50%-85%) glaucoma (30-50%)

6

What disease can be life threatening due to renal disease and cardiomyopathy?

Fabry disease

7

What disease can cause cirrhosis and death due to deposition of Cu+ in the liver?

Wilson disease

8

What are 2 conditions that cause inferior subluxation of the lens and therefore are problematic with dilation?

homocystinuria and Weill-Marchesani syndrome

9

What condition causes superior subluxation and therefore is problematic with dilation?

Marfan syndrome

10

What complications can arise with a Nevus of Ota?

malignancy potential only in Caucasian, uveal melanoma, may have slight increase risk for glaucoma, trabecular hyperpigmentation

11

Which blue sclera condition/syndrome is associated with risk of retinal detachment?

Ehlers-Danlos

12

What nutritional disorder can cause retinopathy?

vitamin A (xerophthalmia)

13

Which corneal dystrophy is seen earliest and RCE is rare?

granular

14

Which corneal dystrophy is an exception to the rule and is AR and extends to the periphery?

Macular dystrophy

15

Which corneal dystrophy is an exception to the rule and is associated with systemic hypercholesterolemia?

Schnyder (crystalline)

16

What risk is assocaited with Posterior Polymorphous Dystrophy (PPD)?

glaucoma risk, 15% of cases may develop increase IOP

17

What corneal dystrophy is an exception to the rule and is age related and not inherited?

Fuch's dystrophy

18

Which corneal dystrophy is an exception to the rule and is inherited in an AR pattern?

Congenital Hereditary Endothelial Dystrophy

19

What corneal degeneration/ectasia requires a mandatory referral to rheumatology for vasculitis or collagen vascular disease?

Mooren's Ulcer