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Paramedic: Trauma Lecture > Penetrating Trauma > Flashcards

Flashcards in Penetrating Trauma Deck (10)
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1
Q

What is cavitation?

A

The opening produced by a force pushing body tissues laterally away from the tract of a projectile

2
Q

Are cavitations temporary?

A

Yes, it is temporary even in the presence of severe intra abdominal injury

3
Q

How do cavitation become permanent?

A

Yes, when the force of the projectile exceeds the tensile strength of the tissue

4
Q

What determines the effect of a projectile on the body?

A

The energy created and dissipated by the object into the surrounding tissues

5
Q

What are considered low-energy projectiles?

A

Knives, needles, and ice picks

6
Q

How do low-energy projectiles cause damage?

A

Their sharp, cutting edges.

7
Q

How are firearms classified in terms of energy?

A

Mid to High energy

8
Q

What classifies a firearm as mid and high?

A

Muzzle velocity 1000 FPS vs. 2000 FPS

9
Q

What damage can penetrating trauma have if in the abdomen?

A

Damage air-filled and solid organs, vascular injury, trauma to the vertebral column and spinal cord injuries

10
Q

Where should penetrating trauma patients with injuries to the box be transported?

A

Level I, even if they are “stable”.