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AEMT Terminology > Movement & Position > Flashcards

Flashcards in Movement & Position Deck (39)
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1
Q

Abduction

A

Movement away from the midline.

2
Q

Adduction

A

Movement toward the midline

3
Q

Anterior

A

Towards the front.

4
Q

Apex

A

Tip of a structure.

5
Q

Base

A

Lower part or point of origination of a structure.

6
Q

Caudal

A

Towards the feet (tail in animals).

7
Q

Cephalad

A

Towards the head.

8
Q

Circumduction

A

In a circular manner.

Combination of flexion, extension, ad- and abduction.

Occurs at synovial joints.

9
Q

Deep

A

Towards the inside of the body.

Opposite of superficial.

10
Q

Distal

A

Away from the midline, or other reference.

11
Q

Dorsal

A

Towards the back.

Posterior.

12
Q

Dorsiflexion

A

Movement of foot to bend backward/upward
toward the lower leg.

Foot points more superiorly.

Rarely used to describe hand. Dorsum of hand is the posterior surface, so movement is called extension.

13
Q

Extension

A

Straightening joint,

moving attachments farther apart.

14
Q

External

A

Away from the midline.

As in external rotation (arm bent 90° and moving forearm outward).

15
Q

Flexion

A

Bending joint to bring parts closer together.

16
Q

Inferior

A

Below.

17
Q

Internal

A

Towards the midline (in the transverse plane).

As in internal rotation.

18
Q

Lateral

A

Towards the side.

Away from the midline.

19
Q

Mid-axillary

A

Line through the axilla,
parallel to the long axis,
midway between the ventral and dorsal surfaces.

20
Q

Mid-clavicular

A

Line passing through midpoint of the clavicle,
parallel to the long axis,
along the ventral surface.

21
Q

Medial

A

Toward the midline or middle.

22
Q

Midline

A

Vertical division into left and right sides.

23
Q

Palmar

A

Relating to the palm of the hand.

24
Q

Peripheral

A

Towards the side or edge.

25
Q

Plantar

A

Related to the bottom surface of the foot.

26
Q

Plantarflexion

A

Flexion of the foot towards the plantar surface.

Opposite of dorsiflexion.

27
Q

Posterior

A

Rear or back.

28
Q

Pronation

A

Movement of the foot or hand
at the ankle or wrist
in the frontal plane
away from the midline.

29
Q

Prone

A

Lying on the ventral surface of the body.

30
Q

Protraction

A

Forward projection of something
in the transverse plane
toward the anterior.

e. g. Shoulders in SOB tripoding.
e. g. Mandible in jaw lift.

31
Q

Proximal

A

Near midline or other reference.

32
Q

Retraction

A

Opposite of Protraction.

33
Q

Rotation

A

Movement about the longitudinal axis
in the transverse plane.

e.g. External rotation = rotation away from midline.

34
Q

Superficial

A

Near the outer surface of the body.

35
Q

Superior

A

Above.

36
Q

Supination

A

Opposite of pronation.

Movement (twisting) of foot or hand
at the ankle or wrist
in the frontal plane
away from the midline.

(Causing exterior surface and tarsals
to contact ground first.)

37
Q

Supine

A

On the spine.

Lying on the dorsal surface
(posterior aspect) of the body.

38
Q

Torso

A

Thoracic segment +
Abdominal segment +
Perineum

The “trunk” of the body.

39
Q

Ventral

A

Toward the front (anterior).