Pathophysiology Terms Flashcards
Study of disease.
Study of effects and progression of disease and injury.
Objectively observable phenomena of disease process.
Patient’s subjective sensations of the body’s responses to disease.
Severe allergic reaction
A collapsed lung.
Fluid in the lungs.
Lack of oxygen.
System that maintains chemical and electrical gradient across the cell membrane, allowing for functions like depolarization, transport, and signalling.
Largest consumer of ATP in the body.
One cycle = One ATP
Moves 3 Na out of cell
Moves 2 K into cell
(Inequality maintains osmotic gradient.)
Result of glycolysis.
One GLU -> 2 pyruvate + 4 ATP.
In the absense of Oxygen,
pyruvate is converted into lactic acid
during anaerobic metabolism.
Cellular-directed death, and release of lysosomal enzymes furthering destruction of apoptotic cell AND surrounding cells.
anatomical dead space
The 150mL of air that remains in conducting portion of the airways and is not subject to gas exchange.
Collapse of alveoli due to loss of surfactant.
An obstruction to blood flow through the pulmonary circulation.