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Flashcards in A&P-Joints and Muscles Deck (42):
1

What joint type is the Wrist?

A Condyloid joint

2

What 2 bones articulate in the shoulder?

-Humerus
-Scapula

3

What 3 bones articulate in the Elbow?

-Humerus
-Radius
-Ulna

4

What 3 bones articulate in the Wrist?

-Radius
-Ulna
-Carpal bones

5

What 8 movements are possible at the Shoulder joint?

-Flexion -Medial Rotation
-Extension - Lateral Rotation
-Abduction -Horizontal Flexion
-Adduction -Horizontal Extension

6

What 2 movements are possible at the Elbow joint?

-Flexion
-Extension

7

What 4 movements are possible at the Wrist joint?

-Flexion
-Extension
-Abduction
-Adduction

8

What movement occurs at the shoulder when the Anterior Deltoid is the prime mover?

The arm is raised up.

9

What movement occurs at the shoulder when the Posterior Deltoid is the prime mover?

The arm is down and slightly behind.

10

What movement occurs at the shoulder when the Middle Deltoid is the prime mover?

The arm is raised out to the side.

11

What movement occurs at the shoulder when the Latissimus Dorsi is the prime mover?

Arm is by the side.

12

Name the 4 Rotator Cuff Muscles in the Shoulder.

-Subscapularis
-Infraspinatus
-Supraspinatus
-Teres Minor

13

What muscle acts as the prime mover in the Wrist when flexion occurs?

The Flexors

14

What muscles act as the prime mover in the Wrist when extension occurs?

The Extensors

15

What muscle acts as the prime mover in the Elbow when flexion occurs?

The Biceps Brachii

16

What muscle acts as the prime mover in the Elbow when extension occurs?

The Triceps Brachii

17

What joint type is the Hip?

Ball and Socket

18

What are the 3 bones that articulate in the Ankle joint?

-Fibula
-Tibia
-Talus

19

What are the 3 bones that articulate in the Knee joint?

-Femur
-Patella
-Tibia

20

What are the 2 bones that articulate in the Hip joint?

-Femur
-Ilium (pelvic bone)

21

What are the 6 movements that are possible at the Hip joint?

-Flexion
-Extension
-Abduction
-Adduction
-Medial Rotation
-Lateral Rotation

22

What are the 3 sub-muscles in the Hamstring that cause Flexion at the Knee joint?

-Biceps Femoris
-Semimembranosus
-Semitendinosus

23

What are the 4 muscles in the Quadriceps that cause Extension at the Knee joint?

-Rectus Femoris
-Vastus Intermedius
-Vastus Medialis
-Vastus Lateralis

24

What are the 2 movements that can occur at the Ankle joint?

-Plantarflexion
-Dorsiflexion

25

What 2 muscles can act as the prime movers in the Ankle joint when Plantarflexion occurs?

-Soleus
-Gastrocnemius

26

Which muscle in the Ankle joint s the prime mover when Dorsiflexion occurs?

Tibialis Anterior

27

What movement is possible when the Iliopsoas is the prime over in the Hip?

Flexion

28

What movement occurs when the Gluteus Maximus is the prime mover in the Hip joint?

Extension

29

What movement occurs at the Hip joint when the Gluteus Medius is the prime mover?

Abduction

30

What movement occurs at the Hip joint when the Adductor Longus, Adductor Brevis or Adductor Magnus are the prime movers?

Adduction

31

What movement is possible at the Hip joint when the Gluteus Minimus is the prime mover?

Medial Rotation

32

What movement is possible at the Hip joint when the Gluteus Maximus is the prime mover?

Lateral Rotation

33

What bone is the Calcaneus?

The heel

34

Name the 5 bones in the foot.

-Calcaneus (heel)
-Meta-tarsals (bridge of foot)
-Tarsals (top of foot/heel)
-Talus (ankle bone)
-Phalanges (toes)

35

Name the 4 bones in the leg.

-Femur (thigh)
-Patella (kneecap)
-Tibia (shin)
-Fibula (side of shin)

36

Name the 3 muscles in the arm.

-Humerus (shoulder to elbow)
-Radius (forearm)
-Ulna (forearm)

37

Name the 3 bones in the hand.

-Carpals (Wrist to top of hand)
-Meta-carpals (above palm)
-Phalanges (fingers)

38

Name the 6 muscles in the upper body.

-Cranium (skull)
-Vertebrae (spine)
-Ribs
-Sternum (chest)
-Sacrum (above Coccyx)
-Ilium (pelvis)

39

Name the 21 bones in the body.

-Cranium -Carpals
-Verterbrae -Meta-carpals
-Ribs -Phalanges
-Sternum -Femur -Tarsal
-Sacrum -Patella -Meta-tarsals
-Ilium -Tibia -Scapula
-Humerus -Fibula
-Radius -Calcaneus
-Ulna -Talus

40

State the movements possible at the Sagittarius Plane.

-Flexion
-Extension
-Dorsiflexion
-Plantarflexion

41

State the movements possible at the Frontal Plane.

-Abduction
-Adduction

42

State the movements possible at the Transverse Plane.

-Medial Rotation
-Lateral Rotation
-Horizontal Flexion
-Horizontal Extension