Flashcards in Skill Acquisition- Methods of Practice Deck (14):
State the 6 continuums and their limits
Pacing-self paced, externally paced
Organisation-low organised, high organised
Started the methods of practice.
Describe massed practice and give a sporting example.
When there are no rest intervals in a training session, to promote a high level of fitness.
Good for simple skills and discrete skills as can be done easily without rest and enables performer to still focus on task
E.G. Doing drills, then a 3v3, then a half-court game so performer can exercise more without tiring.
Describe distributed practice and give a sporting example.
When a rest interval is given to allow recuperation with feedback and advice on technique.
Suitable for beginners and performers who are unfit or need encouragement.
E.G practice shooting in netball, rest interval is given for coach to give feedback and advice on technique.
Describe fixed practice and give a sporting example.
Uses repetition of the same activity to promote over learning.
Ensures that more advanced performers can maintain consistency.
Appropriate for closed,self-paced and simple skills.
E.G repeatedly practicing shooting in netball
Describe varied practice and give a sporting example.
Involves using different methods to achieve a goal and aims to provide performer with the ability to adapt a skill.
Appropriate for open skills and beginners.
E.G to work on dodging in netball do stations such as running around cones, agility ladder, shuttle runs etc.
Describe part practice and give a sporting example.
When a skill that is low in organisation is split up to practice the sub components.
Enables performer to make sense of a complicated skill and is useful to practice weaknesses.
E.G practicing the jump, run up and skip in triple jump separately
Describe whole practice and give a sporting example.
Teaching a skill without breaking it down so that player can experience the feel of the game.
Increases fluency and speed.
E.G a football penalty, cartwheel
Describe whole-part-whole practice and give a sporting example.
First= attempt the whole skill
Second= practice skill in parts
Third= put it all back together and practice as a whole
Used to recognise strengths and weaknesses in activities with distinct features.
E.G. Triple jump, practice whole thing, split it up(run, skip, jump), put it all back together
Describe Progressive-part practice and give a sporting example.
Known as chaining.
Where a serial skill is broke down into its sub- routines that can be seen as links of a chain.
Performer learns one link at a time, then gradually adds them together and then practices all of the links together.
E.G breaking down breastroke, practicing leg kicks,then arm action, then all together.
Name all 5 transfer of skills.
Give the definition of proactive transfer and give a sporting example.
The influence of one skill on a skill yet to be performed.
E.G a push pass in hockey and learning to do a strike
Give the definition of retroactive transfer and give a sporting example.
The influence of one skill that has previously been learned on the learning of a new skill.
E.G. learning to do a free kick in football after being able to do a shot.