A&P quiz 7 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in A&P quiz 7 Deck (46):
1

true hormones influence

target cells

2

which of the following endocrine glands is also an exocrine gland?

pancreas

3

which of the two endocrine glands have the closest proximity to each other?

pituitary; thyroid

4

which endocrine gland stores hormones synthesized by the hypothalamus?

posterior pituitary

5

the hypothalamus, pineal gland, and pituitary gland are located within the cranial cavity

t/f

true

6

insulin is secreted by beta cells of the pancreatic islets

t/f

true

7

the adrenal medulla secretes the hormones aldosterone and cortisol

t/f

false

8

contains alpha, beta, and delta cells

pancreatic islets

9

located in sella turcica of sephnoid bone

pituitary glad

10

contains colloid-filled cavities

thyroid gland

11

attached to posterior surface of thyroid gland

parathyroid gland

12

secretes corticosteroids

adrenal cortex

13

attached to pituitary gland by a stalk

hypothalamus

14

gland inside another gland near kidneys

adrenal medulla

15

located in mediastinum

thymus

16

the ___ cells of pancreatic islets produce insulin

beta

17

which of the following has the least influence in the onset of type 2 diabetes mellitus?

sleep patterns

18

type 1 diabetes mellitus occurs in more people than type 2 diabetes mellitus

t/f

false

19

obesity and lack of exercise increase risk for the onset of type 2 diabetes mellitus

t/f

true

20

chemical messenger

hormone

21

hormone that increases blood glucose levels

glucagon

22

the gonads are considered to be both endocrine and exocrine glands

t/f

true

23

the endocrine portion of the pancreas is called ___

islets

24

aldosterone is produced by the ____

cortex of the adrenal gland

25

a specific organ on which a hormone acts

target organ

26

if hormones travel in the bloodstream, why don't all tissues respond to all hormones?

ability of the target tissue to respond depends on the ability of the hormone to ind with specific receptors

27

ACTH is stimulated by

another hormone

28

calcitonin is stimulated by

humoral factors

29

testosterone is stimulated by

another hormone

30

estrogen is stimulated by

another hormone

31

insulin is stimulated by

humoral factors

32

norepinephrine is stimulated by

the nervous system

33

parathyroid hormone is stimulated by

humoral factors

34

TSH and FSH are stimulated by

another hormone

35

parathyroid hormones (PTH) produced in inadequate amounts result in

tetany

36

antidiuretic hormones (ADH) produced in inadequate amounts result in

excessive diuresis without high blood glucose levels

37

insulin produced in inadequate amounts result in

loss of glucose in the urine

38

growth hormone (GH) produced in inadequate amounts results in

abnormally small stature, normal proportions

39

T4 and T3 produced in inadequate amounts results in

low basal metabolic rate, mental and physical sluggishness

40

large hands and feet in the adult, large facial bones

growth hormone

41

nervousness, irregular pulse rate, sweating

thyroid hormone

42

demineralization of bones, spontaneous fractures

parathyroid hormone

43

when water content in the body decreases ___ is released

antidiuretic

44

when the blood sugar content increases, soon after a meal ____ is released

insulin

45

when the sodium ion content in blood decreases ____ is released

aldosterone

46

when the blood calcium content decreases _____ is released

parathyroid