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Flashcards in practical 4 Deck (42):
1

microscopic air sac for gas exchange

alveolus

2

the vagina serves as the ____ ____ during child birth

birth canal

3

the vertebra that is responsible for forward and backward tilting of the head is known as the "Atlas"

.

4

what gland is present around the male ureter but not around the female ureter?

prostate gland

5

the most inner wall of the uterus

endometrium

6

the formation of sperm

spermatogenesis

7

from the glomerulus, where does the filtrate enter next?

Bowman capsule

8

the creation of gametes (diploid and haploid)

meiosis

9

this arteriole carries blood to the glomerulus

afferent arteriole

10

the tube the sperm travel through before they reach the urethra

vas deferens

11

the vesicle secretes seminal fluid

seminal vesicle

12

what name is given to the capillaries that surround the PCT, the loop of Henle, the DCT and the collecting duct?

peritubular capillaries

13

the residual volume in your lungs is always there, even after you forcibly expire.

true?

14

in males, during puberty we see the emergence of an "Adam's apple". What structure is responsible for this?

Thyroid cartilage

15

The _____ cartilage protects and gives shape to the anterior portion of the windpipe. What endocrine gland is associated with the thyroid cartilage?

tracheal

thyroid

16

what we commonly refer to as the "voice box" is the ____

larynx

17

when food "goes down the wrong pipe" what structure is to blame for your suffering?

epiglottis

18

what is the valve that leads into the colon?

ileocecal valve

19

the membrane that wraps tightly over the lungs is the ___ ____

visceral pleura

20

the initial branching of the trachea results in the ____ bronchi

Primary bronchi

21

relaxed, casual breathing is inspiration and expiration of the ____ volume.

tidal volume

22

what structure carries food from the mouth to the stomach?

esophagus

23

where does digestion start?

esophagus

24

the ______ is the exposed part of the tooth

crown

25

the _____ sphincter is the valve at the exit of the stomach, that leads to the duodenum

pyloric

26

what cells in the testis are responsible for producing testosterone?

interstitial cells

27

what structure stores sperm and allows it to mature?

epididymis

28

where does initial fertilization of an ovum by a sperm happen?

fallopian tube

29

what major part of the nephron dips down into the medulla?

loop of henle

30

what structures dumps into the collecting duct?

Distal convoluted tubule

31

urine formed in the kidney is then sent through the ___ to the bladder

ureter

32

the involuntary constriction and relaxation of the muscles of the intestine or another canal, creating wavelike movements that push the contents of the canal forward.

Peristalsis

33

Total volume of air that moves in and out of the lungs

Vital capacity

34

The small holes in the inner lung

Bronchioles

35

The end of the stomach

Duodenum

36

Beside the liver on top of the pancreas

Stomach

37

Beginning of large intestine (colon)

Cecum

38

The right is lower than the left

Kidney

39

Functional unit of the kidney that filters blood

Nephron

40

a cluster of capillaries around the end of a kidney tubule, where waste products are filtered from the blood.

Glomerulus

41

The space before the vagina

Cervix

42

Edges vibrate to produce sound

Vocal cords