Practical 3 Flashcards Preview

Anatomy and Physiology Lab > Practical 3 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Practical 3 Deck (64):
1

where is the pituitary gland located?

in the base of the brain, below hypothalamus

2

what does the pituitary gland secrete?

posterior secretes antidiuretics and oxytocin
anterior secretes growth hormone, prolactin, and tropins

3

where is the hypothalamus located?

it is located below the thalamus

4

what does the hypothalamus do?

controls secretion of posterior pituitary hormones

5

where is the thyroid gland located?

it is in the front of the neck and is butterfly shaped

6

what does the thyroid gland secrete?

T3 and T4

7

what does the thyroid gland control?

metabolism, body temperature and heart rate

8

where is the parathyroid gland located?

in the neck, behind the thyroid

9

what does the parathyroid secrete?

calcitonin

10

what does the parathyroid control?

calcium and phosphorus levels

11

where is the adrenal gland located?

on top of the kidneys

12

what does the adrenal gland secrete?

cortex secretes aldosterone, cortisol, testosterone
medulla secretes adrenaline, noradrenaline, dopamine

13

where are the pancreatic islets located?

the pancreas is located behind the stomach
islets are scattered throughout

14

what does the pancreatic islets secrete?

alpha cells secrete glucagon
beta cells secrete insulin
delta cells secrete somatostatin

15

where are the testes located?

in the scrotum

16

what do the testes secrete?

testosterone

17

where are the ovaries located?

in the lower abdomen

18

what do the ovaries secrete?

estrogen and progesterone

19

where is the thymus gland located?

located behind the sternum, between the lungs

20

what does the thymus secrete?

white blood cells, thymosin, t cells

21

where is the pineal gland located?

in the center of the brain

22

what does the pineal gland secrete?

melatonin

23

what does the pineal gland control?

sleep and reproductive hormones

24

what connects the brachiocephalic trunk and the right axillary artery?

right sub artery

25

what connects the ascending aorta and the descending thoracic aorta?

aortic arch

26

what connects the brachiocephalic trunk and the right external carotid artery?

right common carotid artery

27

what connects the common iliac artery and the femoral artery?

external iliac artery

28

what connects the pulmonary trunk and the lungs

pulmonary artery

29

what connects the right subclavian vein to the superior vena cava?

right brachiocephalic vein

30

what connects the internal iliac vein and the inferior vena cava?

common iliac vein

31

what connects the lungs and the left atrium?

pulmonary veins

32

what connects the kidney and the inferior vena cava?

renal vein

33

is the right atrium oxygenated or deoxygenated?

deoxygenated

34

is the aortic arch oxygenated or deoxygenated?

oxygenated

35

is the left ventricle oxygenated or deoxygenated?

oxygenated

36

is the left pulmonary artery oxygenated or deoxygenated?

deoxygenated

37

is the left pulmonary veins oxygenated or deoxygenated?

oxygenated

38

what does inadequate amounts of growth hormone result in?

small stature

39

what does inadequate amounts of T3 and T4 from the thyroid result in?

sluggishness

40

contains alpha, beta and delta cells

pancreatic islets

41

located in sella turcica of sephnoid bone

pituitary gland

42

contains colloid-filled cavities

thyroid gland

43

attached to posterior surface of thyroid gland

parathyroid gland

44

secretes corticosteroids

adrenal cortex

45

attached to pituitary gland by a stalk

hypothalamus

46

gland inside another gland near kidneys

adrenal cortex

47

located in mediastinum

thymus

48

red blood cells are also called

erythrocytes

49

the shape of a red blood cell can be described as a ____ disc

bilobed

50

the function of red blood cells are

to transport gasses

51

_____ is the oxygen carrying substances in a red blood cell

hemoglobin

52

small fragments that function to prevent blood loss from an injury site are called

platelets

53

Rh-positive fetus and an Rh-negative mother causes what condition?

hemolytic disease

54

blood type B is the most common blood type found in the united states

t/f

true

55

an individual with blood type O lacks both RBC antigens A and B
t/f

true

56

the Rh group was named after the

rheus monkey

57

what is the most important antigen?

D antigen

58

oxygen rich blood is located in the

left side chambers

59

the ________ line the heart chamber

serous pericardium

60

starts from the left ventricle, takes blood to all the body parts, and drains the deoxygenated blood back into the right atrium

systemic circuit

61

starts from the right ventricle, takes the blood for oxygenation into the lungs, and drains the oxygenated blood back into the left atrium

pulmonary circuit

62

the system that cleans the blood and returns it back to the inferior vena cava

hepatic portal system

63

what detects cardiovascular disorders?

pulse monitoring

64

average pulse rate is _____?

75 times per minute