Flashcards in Practical 3 Deck (64):
where is the pituitary gland located?
in the base of the brain, below hypothalamus
what does the pituitary gland secrete?
posterior secretes antidiuretics and oxytocin
anterior secretes growth hormone, prolactin, and tropins
where is the hypothalamus located?
it is located below the thalamus
what does the hypothalamus do?
controls secretion of posterior pituitary hormones
where is the thyroid gland located?
it is in the front of the neck and is butterfly shaped
what does the thyroid gland secrete?
T3 and T4
what does the thyroid gland control?
metabolism, body temperature and heart rate
where is the parathyroid gland located?
in the neck, behind the thyroid
what does the parathyroid secrete?
what does the parathyroid control?
calcium and phosphorus levels
where is the adrenal gland located?
on top of the kidneys
what does the adrenal gland secrete?
cortex secretes aldosterone, cortisol, testosterone
medulla secretes adrenaline, noradrenaline, dopamine
where are the pancreatic islets located?
the pancreas is located behind the stomach
islets are scattered throughout
what does the pancreatic islets secrete?
alpha cells secrete glucagon
beta cells secrete insulin
delta cells secrete somatostatin
where are the testes located?
in the scrotum
what do the testes secrete?
where are the ovaries located?
in the lower abdomen
what do the ovaries secrete?
estrogen and progesterone
where is the thymus gland located?
located behind the sternum, between the lungs
what does the thymus secrete?
white blood cells, thymosin, t cells
where is the pineal gland located?
in the center of the brain
what does the pineal gland secrete?
what does the pineal gland control?
sleep and reproductive hormones
what connects the brachiocephalic trunk and the right axillary artery?
right sub artery
what connects the ascending aorta and the descending thoracic aorta?
what connects the brachiocephalic trunk and the right external carotid artery?
right common carotid artery
what connects the common iliac artery and the femoral artery?
external iliac artery
what connects the pulmonary trunk and the lungs
what connects the right subclavian vein to the superior vena cava?
right brachiocephalic vein
what connects the internal iliac vein and the inferior vena cava?
common iliac vein
what connects the lungs and the left atrium?
what connects the kidney and the inferior vena cava?
is the right atrium oxygenated or deoxygenated?
is the aortic arch oxygenated or deoxygenated?
is the left ventricle oxygenated or deoxygenated?
is the left pulmonary artery oxygenated or deoxygenated?
is the left pulmonary veins oxygenated or deoxygenated?
what does inadequate amounts of growth hormone result in?
what does inadequate amounts of T3 and T4 from the thyroid result in?
contains alpha, beta and delta cells
located in sella turcica of sephnoid bone
contains colloid-filled cavities
attached to posterior surface of thyroid gland
attached to pituitary gland by a stalk
gland inside another gland near kidneys
located in mediastinum
red blood cells are also called
the shape of a red blood cell can be described as a ____ disc
the function of red blood cells are
to transport gasses
_____ is the oxygen carrying substances in a red blood cell
small fragments that function to prevent blood loss from an injury site are called
Rh-positive fetus and an Rh-negative mother causes what condition?
blood type B is the most common blood type found in the united states
an individual with blood type O lacks both RBC antigens A and B
the Rh group was named after the
what is the most important antigen?
oxygen rich blood is located in the
left side chambers
the ________ line the heart chamber
starts from the left ventricle, takes blood to all the body parts, and drains the deoxygenated blood back into the right atrium
starts from the right ventricle, takes the blood for oxygenation into the lungs, and drains the oxygenated blood back into the left atrium
the system that cleans the blood and returns it back to the inferior vena cava
hepatic portal system
what detects cardiovascular disorders?