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Flashcards in A Series Deck (50)
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1

abandon
/əˈbæn.dən/

to leave a place, thing or person forever
離棄;放棄;拋棄;遺棄
We had to abandon the car.
我們不得不棄車而去。
By the time the rebel troops arrived, the village had already been abandoned.
當叛軍殺到時,村民已經撤離了村莊。
As a baby he'd been abandoned by his mother.
他在繈褓之中就被母親遺棄了。
We were sinking fast, and the captain gave the order to abandon ship.
我們的船沉得很快,船長下令棄船。

2

abate
/əˈbeɪt/

to become less strong
減少;減弱;減輕;減退
The storm/wind/rain has started to abate.
暴風雨/風/雨開始減弱了。
The fighting in the area shows no sign of abating.
這個地區的戰事沒有任何緩和的跡象。

3

abide
/əˈbaɪd/

If you can't abide someone or something, you dislike them very much
(因為厭惡而)忍受,堅持
I can't abide her.
我真受不了她。
He couldn't abide laziness.
他無法容忍懶惰。

4

abnormal
/æbˈnɔː.məl/

different from what is usual or average, especially in a way that is bad
反常的,異常的,變態的(尤指不好的)
abnormal behaviour/weather/conditions
反常的行為/天氣/情況
Tests revealed some abnormal skin cells.
檢驗結果顯示一些皮膚細胞異常。

5

abolish
/əˈbɒl.ɪʃ/

to end an activity or custom officially
廢除,廢止
I think bullfighting should be abolished.
我認為應該廢止鬥牛。
National Service was abolished in Britain in 1962.
英國的國民兵役制度於1962年廢止。

6

abortion
/əˈbɔː.ʃən/

the intentional ending of a pregnancy, usually by a medical operation
(通常指透過手術進行的)墮胎,人工流產
She decided to have/get an abortion.
她決定做人工流產。
Abortion is restricted in some American states.
美國一些州禁止墮胎。

7

abound
/əˈbaʊnd/

to exist in large numbers
大量存在;有很多
Theories abound about how the Earth began.
地球的起源怎樣,眾說紛紜。

8

abrupt
/əˈbrʌpt/

describes something that is sudden and unexpected, and often unpleasant
突然的;意外的
an abrupt change/movement
突變/突發的動作
Our conversation came to an abrupt end when George burst into the room.
喬治突然衝進房間裡,我們的談話戛然而止。
The road ended in an abrupt (= sudden and very steep) slope down to the sea.
道路沿一個險峭陡坡俯衝到海邊,就到了盡頭。

9

absent
/ˈæb.sənt/

not in the place where you are expected to be, especially at school or work
(尤指上課或工作)缺勤的,缺席的,不在場的
John has been absent from school/work for three days now.
約翰到現在已經曠課/曠工三天了。
We drank a toast to absent friends.
我們為不能來的朋友乾杯祝福。

10

absolute
/ˈæb.sə.luːt/

very great or to the largest degree possible
完全的;全部的;絕對的;毋庸置疑的
a man of absolute integrity/discretion
正直不阿/極度審慎的人
I have absolute faith in her judgment.
我完全相信她的判斷。
There was no absolute proof of fraud.
沒有確鑿的證據能證明是詐騙行為。

› [before noun] used when expressing a strong opinion
(用於強調看法)道地的,十足的
He's an absolute idiot!
他是個十足的白癡!
That's absolute rubbish!
那完全是一派胡言!

11

absorb
/əbˈzɔːb/

to take something in, especially gradually
(尤指逐漸)吸收,吸引,兼併
Plants absorb carbon dioxide.
植物吸收二氧化碳。
In cold climates, houses need to have walls that will absorb heat.
在氣候寒冷的地方,房屋的牆壁必須能吸收熱量。
Towels absorb moisture.
毛巾吸收水汽。
The drug is quickly absorbed into the bloodstream.
藥物迅速被血液吸收流遍全身。
Our countryside is increasingly being absorbed by/into the large cities.
我們越來越多的農村地區正被大城市蠶食掉。

› to reduce the effect of a physical force, shock or change
消減;緩解
The barrier absorbed the main impact of the crash.
碰撞產生的大部分衝擊力被防撞牆吸收了。

12

abstract
/ˈæb.strækt/

existing as an idea, feeling or quality, not as a material object
抽象的;純理論的,摘要,純概念的
Truth and beauty are abstract concepts.
真和美都是抽象的概念。

› describes an argument or discussion that is general and not based on particular examples
(辯論或討論)抽象的,空泛的,空洞的
This debate is becoming too abstract - let's have some hard facts!
這場辯論變得太空洞了——拿出一些具體的事實根據來吧!

13

absurd
/əbˈsɜːd/

stupid or unreasonable; silly in a humorous way
荒謬的,荒唐的;愚蠢的;可笑的
What an absurd thing to say!
這話多荒唐啊!
Don't be so absurd! Of course I want you to come.
別說傻話了!我當然想讓你來。
It's an absurd situation - neither of them will talk to the other.
這情形真是讓人哭笑不得——他們誰也不願意理誰。
Do I look absurd in this hat?
我戴這頂帽子是不是很滑稽?

14

abundant
/əˈbʌn.dənt/

more than enough
大量的;充足的;豐富的
an abundant supply of food
充足的食物儲備
There is abundant evidence that cars have a harmful effect on the environment.
有充分證據顯示,汽車對環境有害。
Cheap consumer goods are abundant (= exist in large amounts) in this part of the world.
在這個地區,大量的低廉消費品充斥其間。

15

abuse
/əˈbjuːz/

to use or treat someone or something wrongly or badly, especially in a way that is to your own advantage
(尤指為個人私利而)虐待,傷害,濫用,妄用
She is continually abusing her position/authority by getting other people to do things for her.
她不斷濫用職權/權力讓別人替她做事。
I never expected that he would abuse the trust I placed in him.
我從未料到他會利用我對他的信任。
Several of the children had been sexually/physically/emotionally abused.
幾個兒童受到了性虐待/肉體折磨/精神上的傷害。

16

academic
/ˌæk.əˈdem.ɪk/

relating to schools, colleges and universities, or connected with studying and thinking, not with practical skills
學校的,學院的;學術的
academic subjects/qualifications/books
學科/學歷/學術書籍
an academic institution
學術機構
the academic year (= the time, usually from September to June, during which students go to school or college)
學年
academic standards
學術水準

› describes someone who is clever and enjoys studying
聰明好學的;學習好的
I was never a particularly academic child.
我從來就不是個特別好學的孩子。

17

accede
/əkˈsiːd/

to agree to do what people have asked you to do
同意,應允
He graciously acceded to our request.
他很通情達理,同意了我們的請求。
It is doubtful whether the government will ever accede to the nationalists' demands for independence.
難以預料政府是否會同意民族主義者的獨立要求。

18

accelerate
/əkˈsel.ə.reɪt/

When a vehicle or its driver accelerates, the speed of the vehicle increases
(車輛或駕駛者)加速
I accelerated to overtake the bus.
我加速超過了公車。

19

accept
/əkˈsept/

to agree to take something
接受;收受;領受
Do you accept credit cards?
你們接受信用卡付帳嗎?
She was in London to accept an award for her latest novel.
她剛出版的那本小說獲獎了,她當時正在倫敦領獎。
I offered her an apology, but she wouldn't accept it.
我向她道歉,但是她不接受。
I accept full responsibility for the failure of the plan.
我承擔這項計劃失敗的全部責任。
The new telephones will accept coins of any denomination.
新型電話機可以投任何面值的硬幣。

20

access
/ˈæk.ses/

the method or possibility of getting near to a place or person, or the right to use or look at something
通道;使用途徑;(接近某地或某人的)機會(或方法);(使用某物的)權利
The only access to the village is by boat.
到那個村子去的唯一方法是乘船。
The main access to (= entrance to) the building is at the side.
大樓的主入口在側面。
The tax inspector had/gained complete access to the company files.
稅務稽查員擁有/獲得了查看公司所有檔的權利。
The system has been designed to give the user quick and easy access to the required information.
系統旨在方便使用者快速地獲取所需資訊。
The children's father was refused access to them at any time (= refused official permission to see them).
孩子的父親任何時候都無權探視他們。

21

accessible
/əkˈses.ə.bl̩/

able to be reached or easily got
可進入的,可接近的;可得到的
The resort is easily accessible by road, rail and air.
這個旅遊勝地交通便利,坐汽車、火車和飛機都可以到達。
The problem with some of these drugs is that they are so very accessible.
此類毒品的問題在於當中一些很容易獲取。

› easy to understand
可以理解的;易懂的
Lea Anderson is a choreographer who believes in making dance accessible.
作為一個編舞者,利·安德森認為應該使舞蹈通俗易懂。
Covent Garden has made some attempt to make opera accessible to a wider public.
科芬園皇家歌劇院已做出一些努力,以讓更多的人來欣賞歌劇。

22

accessory
/əkˈses.ər.i/

something added to a machine or to clothing, which has a useful or decorative purpose
附件,配件,附屬品;裝飾品,配飾
She wore a green wool suit with matching accessories (= shoes, hat, bag, etc.).
她身穿一套綠色羊毛套裝,全身的配飾都是跟它配套的。
Sunglasses are much more than a fashion accessory.
太陽鏡不僅僅是時尚的裝飾品。
Accessories for the top-of-the-range car include leather upholstery, a CD player, electric windows and a sunroof.
頂級轎車的配置包括真皮座椅、CD播放機、電動窗以及活動車頂。

23

accident
/ˈæk.sɪ.dənt/

something bad which happens that is not expected or intended, and which often damages something or injures someone
意外;不測;事故
Josh had an accident and spilled water all over his work.
喬希不小心把作業上灑得都是水。
She was injured in a car/road accident (= when one car hit another).
她在一宗車禍/交通意外中受傷了。

24

acclaim
/əˈkleɪm/

public approval and praise
稱譽;讚賞;歡迎
Despite the critical acclaim, the novel did not sell well.
雖然這本小說在評論界贏得讚譽,但並不暢銷。
Hamlet was played by Romania's leading actor, Ion Caramitrou, to rapturous acclaim.
羅馬尼亞的一流演員楊·卡拉米特魯飾演哈姆雷特,他的表演好評如潮。

25

accommodate
/əˈkɒm.ə.deɪt/

to provide with a place to live or to be stored in
為…提供住宿;容納;為…提供空間
New students may be accommodated in halls of residence.
新生可以住在學校宿舍裡。
formal There wasn't enough space to accommodate the files.
沒有足夠的空間存放這些檔案。

26

accompany
/əˈkʌm.pə.ni/

to go with someone or to be provided or exist at the same time as something
陪同,陪伴;伴隨,和…一起提供(或存在)
The course books are accompanied by four cassettes.
這些課本配有四盒錄音帶。
Depression is almost always accompanied by insomnia.
憂鬱症幾乎總是和失眠分不開。
The salmon was accompanied by (= served with) a fresh green salad.
那道鮭魚菜佐以新鮮的蔬菜沙拉。

27

accomplish
/əˈkʌm.plɪʃ/

to finish something successfully or to achieve something
完成;實現;達到;做到
The students accomplished the task in less than ten minutes.
學生不到十分鐘就完成了任務。
She accomplished such a lot during her visit.
她在訪問期間取得了豐碩的成果。
I feel as if I've accomplished nothing since I left my job.
我覺得辭掉工作以後就一直在虛度光陰。

28

accord
/əˈkɔːd/

(a formal) agreement
一致;符合;協議;條約
On 31 May the two leaders signed a peace accord.
5月31日兩位領導人簽署了一項和平協議。
Before 1987, the accord between the Labour government and the unions was a simple affair.
1987年以前,工黨政府和工會之間很容易達成一致。
The project is completely in accord with government policy.
該企劃案完全符合政府政策。

29

accordance
/əˈkɔː.dənts/

following or obeying a rule/law/wish/
依照規則/法律/意願等
In accordance with her wishes, she was buried in France.
按照她的遺願,人們把她安葬在法國。

30

account
/əˈkaʊnt/

an arrangement with a bank to keep your money there and to allow you to take it out when you need to
帳戶,戶口
I've opened an account with a building society.
我在房屋互助協會開了個帳戶。
I paid the money into my account this morning.
今天上午我把錢存入了我的帳戶。
UK She paid the cheque into/US She deposited the check in her account.
她把支票存入了帳戶。
I need to draw some money out of my account.
我需要從我的帳戶取出一些錢。