Abdomen Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Abdomen Deck (19):
1

The conjoint tendon is from aponeurotic fibers of which muscles?

Internal oblique and transversus abdominis

2

Boundaries of the Inguinal Triangle

inferior epigastric artery
Inguinal ligament
Lateral rectus abdominis

3

Contents of the spermatic cord (RULE OF 3s)

3 arteries: testicular A, vas deferens A, cremasteric A
3 veins: pampiniform plexus, vas deferens V, cremasteric V
3 others: vas deferens, lymphatics, tunica vaginalis
3 nerves: genitofemoral nerve, sympathetics, illioinguinal nerve(outside)
3 fascias: external spermatic fascia, internal spermatic fascia, cremasteric fascia

4

What is the common structure found in male and female inguinal canal?

illioinguinal nerve

5

A type of cyst, containing sperm that develops in the epididymis

spermatocoele

6

Results from dilatation of tributaries of the testicular vein

varicocele

7

Hernia. Acquired type, elederly, median to epigastric vessels, never enters the scrotum

Direct Inguinal Hernia

8

Cremasteric muscle is derived from what layer of the abdominal wall?

Internal Oblique Muscle

9

Internal spermatic fascia is derived from what layer of the abdominal wall?

Transversalis fascia

10

External spermatic fascia is derived from layer of the abdomina lwall?

External oblique Muscle

11

Dartos muscle is derived from which layer of the abdoninal wall?

Superficial fascia

12

Sensory innervation of the testis

ilioinguinal nerve(L1)

13

Motor fibers to the cremasteric muscle

Genital branch of the genitofemoral nerve(L1)

14

hepatoduodenal ligament contents

hepatic artery, portal vein, common bile duct

15

tributaries of the portal venous system

superior mesenteric vein
splenic vein
inferior mesenteric vein
left gastric vein
paraumbilical vein

16

Porta-caval anastomoses(4)

left gastric(esophageal branch) and azygos(esophageal branch)
Superior rectal vein and middle and inferior rectal vein
paraumbilical vein and superficial veins of anterior abdominal walls
colic veins and retroperitoneal veins

17

Venous congestion from portal hypertension(3)

esophageal varices, caput medusae, hemorrhoids
(can present with splenomegaly)

18

Right and left gastroepiploic vein drains into:

SMV(right); Splenic vein(left)

19

Right and left colic vein drain into:

SMV(right); IMV(left)