Flashcards in Abdomen Deck (19):
The conjoint tendon is from aponeurotic fibers of which muscles?
Internal oblique and transversus abdominis
Boundaries of the Inguinal Triangle
inferior epigastric artery
Lateral rectus abdominis
Contents of the spermatic cord (RULE OF 3s)
3 arteries: testicular A, vas deferens A, cremasteric A
3 veins: pampiniform plexus, vas deferens V, cremasteric V
3 others: vas deferens, lymphatics, tunica vaginalis
3 nerves: genitofemoral nerve, sympathetics, illioinguinal nerve(outside)
3 fascias: external spermatic fascia, internal spermatic fascia, cremasteric fascia
What is the common structure found in male and female inguinal canal?
A type of cyst, containing sperm that develops in the epididymis
Results from dilatation of tributaries of the testicular vein
Hernia. Acquired type, elederly, median to epigastric vessels, never enters the scrotum
Direct Inguinal Hernia
Cremasteric muscle is derived from what layer of the abdominal wall?
Internal Oblique Muscle
Internal spermatic fascia is derived from what layer of the abdominal wall?
External spermatic fascia is derived from layer of the abdomina lwall?
External oblique Muscle
Dartos muscle is derived from which layer of the abdoninal wall?
Sensory innervation of the testis
Motor fibers to the cremasteric muscle
Genital branch of the genitofemoral nerve(L1)
hepatoduodenal ligament contents
hepatic artery, portal vein, common bile duct
tributaries of the portal venous system
superior mesenteric vein
inferior mesenteric vein
left gastric vein
left gastric(esophageal branch) and azygos(esophageal branch)
Superior rectal vein and middle and inferior rectal vein
paraumbilical vein and superficial veins of anterior abdominal walls
colic veins and retroperitoneal veins
Venous congestion from portal hypertension(3)
esophageal varices, caput medusae, hemorrhoids
(can present with splenomegaly)
Right and left gastroepiploic vein drains into:
SMV(right); Splenic vein(left)