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Flashcards in Lungs and Thorax Deck (25):
1

Pressure inside the pleural cavity?

756 mmHg

2

What is the nerve supply of parietal pleura?

Intercostal and phrenic nerves(pain, touch, temperature and pressure)

3

What is the nerve supply of visceral pleura?

Autonomic nervous system(stretch), no sensory innervation

4

Root of the lungs content(5)

Main bronchus, pulmonary artery, pulmonary veins, lymph vessels, bronchial vessels

5

2 causes of tracheal displacement

Aortic arch aneurysm
Thyroid gland enlargement

6

What is the inferior limit of parietal pleura in the mid axillary line?

Rib 10

7

2 causes of carinal distortion

CA into tracheobronchial lymph nodes
Left atrial hypertrophy

8

Most likely area of foreign body aspiration

Right lung
Inferior lobe
Posterobasal segment

9

Aspiration pneumonia usually is associated with which of the following segments?

Superior segments of the lower lobes, left and right

10

The right bronchial vein drains into the?

Azygous Vein

11

The left bronchial vein drains into the?

Hemiazygous vein

12

A branch of the vagus nerve that supplies the lungs?

Pulmonary Plexus

13

The anterior intercostal artery originates from which artery/ies?

Internal thoracic Artery and Musculophrenic artery

14

Layers of passage in thoracentesis before it reaches the pleural cavity(usually 9th IC)

Skin, superficial fascia, external intercostal, inner intercostal, innermost intercostal, parietal pleura, thoracic cavity

15

Name the parts of the subclavian artery and its branches?

1st part: Vertebral, Thyrocervical, internal thoracic
2nd part: costocervical
3rd part: None

16

Subclavian artery is divided into three parts by which structure?

Anterior scalene muscle

17

Name the parts of the aorta and its branches.

Ascending Aorta: left and right coronary arteries
Arch of Aorta: brachiocephalic, left common carotid, Left subclavian artery
Descending: bronchial, mediastinal, esophageal, posterior IC, pericardial, subcostal
Abdominal Aorta

18

What is the most common for of coarctation of aorta?

Postductal Coarctation
- adult form
- good prognosis
- anterior IC forms collaterals

19

Name the tributaries of the Internal Jugular Vein

Middle thyroid vein
Superior thyroid vein
Lingual Vein
Common facial vein
Pharyngeal Vein
Inferior petrosal Sinus
(Medical Schools Let Confident People In)

20

Name the contents of the Carotid Sheath from medial to lateral

Common Carotid Artery, Vagus Nerve, Internal Jugular vein

21

What is the significance of the Lesser Supraclavicular fossa?

IJV catheterization point of insertion

22

Where does breast carcinoma most commonly occur?

Upper lateral quadrant

23

What is the cause for the Peau d' orange sign in breast CA?

interference w/ the lymphatic drainage of the breast, causing deviation of nipple with prominent pores

24

What is the cause for the retraction of the nipple in breast CA?

pulling of lactiferous ducts

25

What is the cause of skin dimpling in breast CA?

Shortening of the suspensory/ Ligaments