Flashcards in Lungs and Thorax Deck (25):
Pressure inside the pleural cavity?
What is the nerve supply of parietal pleura?
Intercostal and phrenic nerves(pain, touch, temperature and pressure)
What is the nerve supply of visceral pleura?
Autonomic nervous system(stretch), no sensory innervation
Root of the lungs content(5)
Main bronchus, pulmonary artery, pulmonary veins, lymph vessels, bronchial vessels
2 causes of tracheal displacement
Aortic arch aneurysm
Thyroid gland enlargement
What is the inferior limit of parietal pleura in the mid axillary line?
2 causes of carinal distortion
CA into tracheobronchial lymph nodes
Left atrial hypertrophy
Most likely area of foreign body aspiration
Aspiration pneumonia usually is associated with which of the following segments?
Superior segments of the lower lobes, left and right
The right bronchial vein drains into the?
The left bronchial vein drains into the?
A branch of the vagus nerve that supplies the lungs?
The anterior intercostal artery originates from which artery/ies?
Internal thoracic Artery and Musculophrenic artery
Layers of passage in thoracentesis before it reaches the pleural cavity(usually 9th IC)
Skin, superficial fascia, external intercostal, inner intercostal, innermost intercostal, parietal pleura, thoracic cavity
Name the parts of the subclavian artery and its branches?
1st part: Vertebral, Thyrocervical, internal thoracic
2nd part: costocervical
3rd part: None
Subclavian artery is divided into three parts by which structure?
Anterior scalene muscle
Name the parts of the aorta and its branches.
Ascending Aorta: left and right coronary arteries
Arch of Aorta: brachiocephalic, left common carotid, Left subclavian artery
Descending: bronchial, mediastinal, esophageal, posterior IC, pericardial, subcostal
What is the most common for of coarctation of aorta?
- adult form
- good prognosis
- anterior IC forms collaterals
Name the tributaries of the Internal Jugular Vein
Middle thyroid vein
Superior thyroid vein
Common facial vein
Inferior petrosal Sinus
(Medical Schools Let Confident People In)
Name the contents of the Carotid Sheath from medial to lateral
Common Carotid Artery, Vagus Nerve, Internal Jugular vein
What is the significance of the Lesser Supraclavicular fossa?
IJV catheterization point of insertion
Where does breast carcinoma most commonly occur?
Upper lateral quadrant
What is the cause for the Peau d' orange sign in breast CA?
interference w/ the lymphatic drainage of the breast, causing deviation of nipple with prominent pores
What is the cause for the retraction of the nipple in breast CA?
pulling of lactiferous ducts