Flashcards in Abdominal Prac/Mock Exam Deck (59):
What plane is perpendicular to both the sagittal and transverse planes?
The coronal Plane
When viewing an image obtained in the coronal plane, where is the patient’s head relative to the displayed image?
Which term can also be used to describe the sonographer’s preliminary report?
Which bilaterally paired flat muscles are the innermost of the anterolateral abdominal wall muscles?
Which of the diaphragmatic crura is larger and longer?
Right Crus: tendinous structure extends from diaphragm
In addition to a falling haematocrit, what is another clinical indication of a hematoma?
Ecchymosis: hematoma or a bruise
What condition presents with anechoic fluid areas demonstrated on one or both sides of the chest superior to the diaphragm?
How can a sonographer obtain better near field images of the abdominal wall?
Use a Stand Off Pad or add more gel for an Acoustic Window
Which peritoneal layer lines the walls of the abdominopelvic cavity?
Which channel communicates between the Supracolic & Infracolic Compartments?
Which ascites is characterized by a high concentration of protein, cells, or solid material derived from cells?
What term describes a large fluid collection observed when scanning the abdomen of a patient with cardiac disease?
What is an extrahepatic anechoic collection of bile located within the peritoneal cavity called?
What term describes thickening of the greater omentum caused by malignant infiltration?
Which peritoneal space is located posterior to the bladder and anterior to the uterus?
What happens to the normal aorta as it progresses inferiorly?
What instrumentation adjustment can help remove artefact echoes that may appear in the lumen of the abdominal aorta?
Decrease Time Gain Compensation (TGC)
The anteroposterior (AP) measurements of the aorta are made from which scanning plane?
What type of pressure describes the normal venous system: high, medium or low?
The Superior Mesenteric Vein empties into which vein?
What is the most common type of splanchnic artery aneurysm?
What is the most common location of aneurysms associated with the continuation of an abdominal aortic aneurysm?
Which vessel lies posterior to the bile duct and anterior to the Portal Vein?
What disease begins as fibro-fatty plaque on the intima of large arteries?
What term defines the inner wall layer of an artery and vein?
What structure along with the left hepatic vein seperates the left hepatic lobe from the caudate lobe?
Ligamentum Venosum Fissure
What seperates the intrahepatic right and left lobes?
Main Lobar Fissure
Porta hepatis (Portal Triad) contains the Portal Vein, Hepatic Artery and what other structure?
Common Hepatic Duct
Which vessel supplies the liver with oxygen-rich blood?
What is the term that describes embryonic production of blood cells?
Fatty infiltration disease has the same echo appearance as which pathology?
What is the most common primary liver malignancy in an adult?
Which vessels are used to delineate the right and left lobes, the right posterior and right anterior segments and the left medial and left lateral segments?
What area is carefully scanned on a follow up examination on a patient with a history of cavernous transformation?
What Doppler signal (Hepatopetal or Hepatofugal) would you expect in the portal vein of a patient with portal hypertension?
What vascular tumour in the liver is composed of blood vessel cells with a nonspecific sonographic appearance?
What two ducts unit to form the common bile duct before it enters the duodenum?
Cystic Duct & Common Hepatic Duct
Which variant presents with a kinked or folded back fundus?
What is the likely cause for echoes originiating from within the gallbladder with acoustic shadows?
What vessel supplies the gallbladder with blood?
With a normally functioning gallbladder, what is stimulated by ingesting a fatty meal?
What is a diagnostic explanation for a 40 year old woman with right upper quadrant pain, mild jaundice and elevated alkaline phosphatase?
What structure does the CBD join prior to terminating at the major duodenal papilla?
What type of anomaly is the annular pancreas?
With reference to the pancreas what type of gland secretes its products into blood or cellular tissue?
Locating the gastroduodenal artery helps identify what portion of the pancreas?
What vessel courses to the patients right and is located posterior to the pancreas?
What is the most common cause of a pancreatic pseudocyst in an adult patient?
When is the spleen considered to be enlarged?
Length exceeds 13cm
Crohn’s disease primarily affects young adults and affects what anatomic region?
In the presence of a horseshoe kidney, what anomaly may be simulated?
Describe posterior urethral valve?
Dilated bladder and elongated prostatic urethra. Key hole appearance
Which urinary bladder anomaly is sometimes described as a cyst within a cyst?
What pathology is best demonstrated by use of Doppler for evaluating ureteral jets?
Ureteral obstruction with unilateral calculi
What is the most common malignant tumour of the urinary bladder?
Transitional cell carcinoma
What is the best indicating marker for diagnosing prostate cancer?
Prostate specific antigen (PSA)
Which adrenal hormone regulates electrolyte concentration?
What echo pattern is usually seen with primary malignant nodes like those seen with lymphoma?
Round shaped, short axis greater than 1cm and hypoechoic to anechoic