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Flashcards in Abnormal Psych Deck (28):

a. is diagnosed is developed in response of an identified stressor (within 3 months), person can normally pinpoint what happened
b. symptoms: market distress that is out of proportion
i. impairment in social, occupational activities
ii. normally end around 6 months

adjustment disorder


experienced near death, serious injury, sexual violence
i. Direct experience
ii. Witnessed in person
iii. Learned this event happened to a close family member or friend
iv. Repeated exposure to details of trauma



Trauma happens within a month
intrustions, triggers

Acute Stress Disorder


b. One month or more after event but can last a lifetime
c. Intrusion symptoms
i. Flashbacks, cant forget details of what happened
ii. Significant avoidance
iii. Negative alterations
iv. Negative beliefs about themselves or the world



i. Don’t attach well
ii. Don’t seek comfort from care givers
iii. Limited social attachment

reactive attachment disorder symptoms


b. Over attached willing to attach to anyone
c. Symptoms
i. Child forms attachments with everyone
ii. Overly familiar with adults regardless with relationships
iii. Willingness to leave with strangers increased

Disinhibited social engagement disorder


Symptoms found in children wiith repeated insufficient care

i. Maybe social neglect
ii. repeated change of care givers
iii. limited attachments


example of specific phobia

Animal phobia: Dogs, snakes, spiders
Natural phobia: Drowning (water), heights, storms
Blood injection injury: Afraid of needles and medicals procedures
1. Normally pass out due to blood pressure
Situational phobia: closed spaces, elevators


the person has a marketed fear or anxiety about a specific object or area

Specific phobia


1. Almost always have an immediate fear or response when exposed to the object or area
2. Exposure causes fear
a. Social anxiety disorder
3. Out of proportion to danger
4. Avoids phobic area or object
5. Clinically significant distress impairment

symptoms of specific phobia


characterized by marketed fear or anxiety about one or more social situations

social anxiety


social anxiety

1. Might be exposed to scrutiny by others
2. Act in situations that will be negatively evaluated
a. (worried people will think less of them)
3. Example: public speaking, ordering food in public,
4. Avoid social situations and out of proportion


Symptoms of panic disorder

a. Pounding heart
b. Sweating
c. Shortness of breath
d. Nauseous
3. They don’t know why and cant pin-point the reason
4. Persistent concern or worry about another attack
5. Or make changes to try to avoid it


recurring and unexpected panic attacks,
instances where the person feels afraid

Panic disorder



person avoids these situations because they wouldn’t be able to escape or get help, they result in panic attacks


types of agoraphobia

1. using public transportation
2. Being in open spaces
3. Being in closed spaces
4. Crowds of people


Generalized anxiety disorder

occurs when a person has excessive anxiety than worry for at least 6 months
1. Person finds it difficult to control the anxiety or worry


Symptoms of Generalized anxiety disorder

a. Restless, irritable
b. Easily fatigued
c. Difficulty concentrating


Separation anxiety disorder

: persistent and developmentally inappropriate worry about being separated from someone close


selective mutism

usually child has a consistent failure to speak in social situations but normally speaks at home


recurrent thoughts, urges or images are a disturbance and unwanted and upsetting
i. Person tries to suppress or neutralize these thoughts
ii. “Good person” obsession



repetitive behaviors like washing, that the person feels driven to perform or must perform with specific rules
i. Not realistic
ii. Counting, apologizing, washing



treatment to OCD

exposure and engaging


Body dsymorphic disorder

obsessions with physical flaw that is not body weight
a. Mirror checking, comparing themselves to other peoples


Hoarding Disorder

person has persistent difficulty throwing away items due to perceived need to save them


a. Needs intervention of a third party
b. Cluttered active living space
c. They feel really distressed when its time to get rid of them`

Hoarding Disorder


Trichotillomania disorder

hair pulling disorder): person has a recurrent problem pulling out their head until they’re bald
a. Tries to stop but they can’t



(skin picking disorder): recurrent problem pulling off their skin
a. Tried to stop but can’t
b. Causes distress