Flashcards in Academics Deck (365):
What is the microscopic study of the structures, composition, and functions of tissue called
What is the science which deals with the formation, structure, and function of cells?
What is the study of the nature and cause of disease which involves changes in structure and function?
To what does the word part "gyneco" refer?
What medical term describes one who has no appetite?
What is the medical term that means below?
What is the medical term for fingers or toes?
What is the medical term for painful or difficult urination?
What medical prefix refers to pain?
What is the medical term for red blood cell?
What is the medical term for white blood cell?
What is the medical term which means fibrin is destroyed?
What is the medical term that means hardening of the arteries?
What is the medical term indication inflammation of a vein?
What is the medical term that means excessive vomiting?
What is the medical prefix that means "too much"?
What is the medical term for a benign fatty tumor?
What medical term means dissolving a stone?
What is the medical term for a gall stone?
What is the medical term pertaining to the tongue and throat?
What is the medical term for profuse bleeding?
What is the correct term for excessive amounts of urine?
What is the term used to mean the number of calories of heat that must be produced per hour to keep the baby alive, awake and comfortably warm?
basal metabolic rate
What is the correct term for no production of urine?
What is the correct term for high blood sugar?
What is the correct term for sugar in the urine?
What is the term for low blood sugar?
What is the proper term for blood vessels getting larger in diameter?
What is the medical term for profuse sweating?
What is ABG the abbreviation for?
arterial blood gases
What does the abbreviation CT stand for?
What does the abbreviation D/C mean?
What suffix refers to pain
What is the abbreviation for iron?
What id FSH the abbreviation for?
follicle stimulating hormone
What is gtt the abbreviation for?
What is HCT the abbreviation for?
What is IVP the abbreviation for?
What is the abbreviation meaning after meals?
What is the abbreviation meaning before meals?
What is the abbreviation meaning every?
What is the abbreviation meaning every other day?
What is the abbreviation for "ass needed" or "whenever necessary"?
What medical term means "immediately"?
What is the abbreviation for what is commonly referred to as a stroke?
What medical term means "as desired"?
What does the medical abbreviation "D & C" mean?
dilation and curettage
What does the abbreviation "c" with a line over it mean?
What does the abbreviation "s" with a line over it mean?
What does the abbreviation T.I.D. mean?
three times aday
What does the abbreviation Q.I.D. mean?
four times a day
What does the abbreviation h.s. mean?
hour of sleep
To what organ do the prefixes: hepa, hepar, or hepato refor
What is the correct medical term for a physician who diagnosis's disorders of the eye
What is the term for a physician who studies and interprets x-rays?
What is the medical term for earache?
What is the term which means the rate at which an illness occurs in a particular area or population?
What is the medical term for lateral curvature of the spine?
What is the Latin term meaning "in an artificial environment" or "outside the body"?
What is the formal medical term for an umbilical hernia?
What is the term for a pregnancy that occurs outside the uterine cavity?
What is the term that refers to shrinkage of muscle tissue due to decreased in activity?
What term refers to the normal formation and development of blood cells in the bone marrow?
Symptoms that are experienced and described by the patient but not observed by others are referred to as what?
What are symptoms that are perceptible to others called?
What is a prefix meaning "without or not"?
What do the initials COPD stand for?
chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
What is the term pertaining to an agent that destroys or damages tissue cells?
What is the medical term for double vision?
What is the medical term for incontinence of urine, especially at night, or bed-wetting?
What is the medical term for excessive gas in the digestive system?
What term describes a disease or condition without a known cause?
What do the initials REM stand for?
rapid eye movement
What term describes the process in which two organs, substances, or agents work simultaneously to enhance the function and effect of one another?
What medical term describes ringing in the ears?
What is an organic substance that initiates and accelerates a chemical reaction?
What is a muscle which draws a part away from the median pane of the body called?
What is the medical term that means fatty or pertaining to fat?
What is the chemical symbol or abbreviation for silver?
What is the medical term meaning absence or loss of hair?
What term refers to the cessation of breathing?
What term refers to the accumulation of serous fluid in the peritoneal cavity?
What term refers to a sensation preceding a seizure?
What in the term by which any substance that produces or incites cancer is known?
What is a substance which speeds up the rate of a chemical reaction without itself being permanently altered in the reaction called?
What is a medical term for a bluish, grayish, or slatelike discoloration of the skin due to oxygen deficiency called?
What is the medical term meaning evacuation of the bowels?
What term refers to the division of sex cells?
What term means closed, plugged, or obstructed?
What term refers to a foreign substance or thrombus that circulates in the blood stream until it becomes lodged in a vessel?
What is the medical term for vomiting?
What is the medical term for nose bleeding?
What is the medical term referring to the causes of disease?
What is the term for any tiny entity capable of carrying on living which may be pathogenic?
What medical term describes an increase in the size of an organ or body structure which does not involve tumor formation?
What is the medical term for jaundice or pigmentation of the tissues with the bile pigments?
What prefix means in the midst of or between?
What prefix means within?
What term refers to hidden, concealed or not active?
What is the medical prefix for white?
What is the medical prefix for stone or calculus?
What is the prefix for large?
What is the prefix meaning small in size?
What prefix means one or single?
What prefix means many or much?
What term refers to the ability to move spontaneously?
What is the medical term for mumps?
What prefix refers to muscle?
What medical term describes dead tissue surrounded by healthy parts?
What prefix refers to a tumor or cancer?
What prefix refers to the ovary?
What term refers to a surgically formed artificial opening?
What suffix means removal of?
What prefix indicates disease?
What is the medical term for whooping cough?
What is a drug with no medicinal effect that is given to satisfy a patient's demand for medication or is used in test situations where one group receives the actual medication and the other group receives this?
What term refers to the prediction of the course and end of a disease and the estimate of chance for recovery?
What term means a tendency to relapse or to return to a former condition?
What is an abnormal condition that follows and is a result of a disease?
What do the initials STD stand for?
sexually transmitted disease
What is the instrument used for determining arterial blood pressure?
What term describes the stagnation or standing still of normal flow of fluids?
What term refers to an abnormal rapid hear beat?
What term means pertaining to touch?
What is the medical/biological science concerned with detecting and studying poisonous substances and establishing antidotes?
What is a continuous, involuntary quivering of a convulsive nature called?
What infection is being tested for when one receives a Mantoux test?
What term means and open sore of lesion of the skin or mucous membrane accompanied by sloughing of necrotic tissue?
What is the term that describes an inflammatory condition of the liver?
What is the medical term for chicken pox?
What is the medical term for dizziness?
What does the abbreviation LDL mean?
low density lipoprotein
A syllable or word placed at the beginning of a root word is called a
What is the medical abbreviation for nothing by mouth?
What does the abbreviation G/C stand for?
What does the abbreviation OS stand for?
What should direct statements by the client be documented in the medical record?
by quotation marks
What does the word element nephro mean?
What does the word element -lysis
What does the word element necro mean?
What does the word element -ology mean?
What does the word form cardio refer to?
What was the first drug law passed in the United States?
Pure Food and Drug Act
What are the rules that ensure uniform uniform strength, quality and purity of drugs?
What is the term that means the way drugs act on body cells?
What is a liquid drug in a heavy sugar and water solution with flavoring called?
What is the term for a drug that is to be taken under the tongue?
What is the abbreviation for centimeter?
How many grains equal one gram?
What is a drug which stops the growth of bacteria called?
What classification of drug would be ordered for an individual who has a fever?
What is a high school reaction to a drug which may be beneficial or harmful?
What is an antigen-antibody response to a drug that may result in danger to the patient?
What is a tablet that doesn't dissolve until it reaches the small intestine called?
What is a drug that acts at the site of application called?
local or topical
What usually happens to the pupils of a shock victim?
What type of fracture is not a complete break?
What element is capable of stopping the passage of radiation?
What area of the face is most sensitive to x-ray exposure?
lens of the eye
Give the normal range of months by which time all twenty primary teeth have erupted?
What is the stage of periodontal disease involving loss of bone that supports teeth called?
What is the artificial replacing of none of more teeth with a fixed prosthesis called?
What teeth are enervated by the inferior alveolar nerve?
What happens to the x-ray film if the temperature of the developer is too low?
will produce a very light image
What gland is located below and in front of the ear?
What term describes the unconscious grinding of teeth?
What is the name of the instrument used to test one's hearing?
What is blurring of vision due to an abnormal curvature of the cornea called?
What term is used to indicate listening for sounds produced by the body
What term is used to refer to the inner surface of the arm at the elbow?
What is the term that describes a microorganism which can live and grow only in the presence of oxygen?
What is the name of the support group for family members of alcoholism?
AL-ANON (all caps required)
What is the excision of a small piece of tissue for microscopic examination?
Name the part of the microscope substage that regulates the amount of light directed on a specimenn
If pancreatitis is suspected, what test is usually performed?
What is the breathing pattern characterized by alternating periods of apnea and hyperventilation called?
What is the procedure whereby ultra high-frequency sound waves are directed toward the heart to evaluate its function and structure?
What term i used to describe quivering of cardiac muscle fibers which produces ineffective rapid but weak heart action?
What term describes the spread of cancer form one organ of the body to another?
What is the medical term for the onset of menstrual periods?
What is the term used to describe the period of time immediately following the delivery of a baby?
What is the name of the instrument used to measure the volume of exhaled air?
What is the condition called which results from a decrease in the amount of calcium stored in the bones?
What is the term give for having had nothing to eat or drink for a specific period of time?
Name the condition where a patient has overwhelming attacks of sleep which cannot be overcome?
What is an x-ray of the breast called?
What is the name of the chronic lung disease characterized by over distension of the alveolar sacs and inability to exchange oxygen and carbon dioxide?
According to Maslow's hierarchy of needs, what are the needs to be met after the physical needs?
safety and security
What is the partition that separate the two nasal cavities called?
What are the two main tubes to the lungs called?
What is the cluster of capillaries located at one end of the nephron called?
What is the tube called that carries urine from the bladder to the outside?
Which endocrine gland is the largest?
What hormone regulates the metabolic rate of body cells?
What do lacrimal glands secrete?
Which gland produces a hormone which regulates the amount of calcium dissolved in the circulating blood?
Name the female gonad
What is the 20 foot tube in which the spermatozoa mature and become motile?
Name the cartilage associated with the larynx which bends over the laryngeal opening to direct food into the esophagus
What is the valve between the small and large intestine called?
What is the first part of the small intestine called?
What membrane lines he eyelids?
What cranial nerve carries impulses for smell?
What is the region or junction at which a nerve impulse is transmitted from on neuron to another called?
What lobe of the cerebrum interprets visual messages?
What kind of glands are those which secrete hormones into the blood stream?
What is the anatomical term that indicates a structure nearer its origin?
What are the desired end products of carbohydrate digestion?
What is a protein that is deficient in one or more essential amino acids called?
What is the protoplasm inside the cell membrane called?
Name the three kinds of muscles and tell whether it is voluntary or involuntary
skeletal, voluntary smooth, involuntary cardiac, involuntary
What are the hardest structures in the body, which are constructed primarily of calcium
List three accessory organs of digestion
liver, gallbladder, pancreas
What is the most abundant mineral in the body?
What is another name for the master gland?
the pituitary gland
What is the medical term for the collar bone?
What muscle abducts the arm and caps the shoulder?
What is the kissing muscle of the lips called?
What artery supplies blood to the head and the neck?
What is the name of the longest vein of the body?
Name 2 of the 3 types of hormones that are produced in the adrenal cortex
glucocorticoids, mineralocorticoid, androgens
Name the 2 types of cells in the islets of Langerhans that produce hormones
Alpha and Beta
What hormone stimulates the "fight or flight" response to an emergency?
The body may be divided into 3 imaginary planes. Which plane runs lengthwise from the front to the back dividing the body into right and left sides?
The body may be divided into 3 imaginary planes. Which plane cuts the body horizontally into an upper and lower portion?
Which bands of connective tissue anchor bones together?
What is the body's first line of defense against pathogens?
How many cervical vertebra are there in the vertebral column?
What is the medical term for the knee bone?
What is the medical term for the lower arm bone o the thumb side?
What is the medical term for the lower arm bone on the little finger side?
What is the longest and strongest bone of the body?
What is the name of the hip socket into which the head of the femur articulates?
What is the projection of the ulna known as the elbow or "funny bone" called?
What is the movement in certain types of joints that decreases the angle between 2 aligning bones called?
What is the movement in certain types of joints that increases the angle between 2 aligning bones called?
Name the outer membrane covering the brain and spinal cord
Name the mucous membrane lining the inner surface of the uterus
What is the progressive wavelike movement that occurs involuntarily in the walls of the gastrointestinal tract called?
What is the tough connective tissue membrane that covers the bone called?
What are the coverings of the brain and spinal cord called?
What is the liquid part of the blood known as?
Blood in the right ventricle is kept form being pumped back into the atrium by the action of what structure?
What stimulates the initiation of the heart beat?
The coronary arteries branch off what blood vessel?
Name the lymphatic organ that plays a key role in immunity and becomes adipose tissue later in life?
Where is the Circle of Willis located?
in the brain
Name a gland like structure in the brain that is shaped like a pine cone, located in a pocket near the corpus callosum. The exact function of the gland is unknown.
What nerve is known as the pneumogastric or 10th cranial nerve, has both motor and sensory functions and a wider distribution than any of the other cranial nerves?
What blood vessels generally carry blood low in oxygen content?
What is the name of the body system that includes the skin, associated glands, hair and nails?
Integumentary (Resource Human Body pg 79)
What is the term used for the ends of the long bones which contains the red bone marrow?
Epiphysis (Resource Human body pg 95)
What is the name of the bone that is at the tip of the sternum? This tip is vital in hand placement when performing CPR?
Xiphoid Process (Resource Human body pg 103)
Name the structure that is a connective tissue, cord like extension from the muscle, which connects muscle to bone?
Tendon (Resource Human body pg 127)
Name four of the 10 cranial Nerves
Olfactory, Optic, Occulomoter, Trochlear, Trigeminal, Abducens, Facial, Vestibulocochlear (formerly auditory or acoustic), Glossopharyngeal, Vagus, Accessory (formerly spinal accessory). (Resource Human body pg 179).
State the number of deciduous teeth in a primary dentition?
20 (Resource Human body pg 349)
There are five types of leukocytes. Name the leukocyte that is one of the two agranulocytes, is the largest in size, and functions in phagocytosis?
Monocytes (Resource Human body pg 231)
The liquid part of the blood is called:
A seizure that results in momentary loss of consciousness and is marked by starring is called?
petit mal seizure
The spaces in an infant skull that allow for the skull to grow are called?
The structure that separates the right atrium from the right ventricle is called. (OR USE LEFT)
What covering protects the crown of a tooth and is the hardest substance of the body? (OR WHAT IS THE COVERING OF THE TOOTH ROOT)?
An inflammation of the membranes that surrounds the nervous tissue of the CNS is called?
The term that describes the uncoordinated contraction of the cardiac muscle is?
What type of anemia that is a result of injury to or destruction of the bone marrow is known as? (OR THE TYPE OF ANEMIA THAT IS CHARACTERIZED BY AN INADEQUATE AMOUNT OF IRON TO FORM HEMOGLOBIN IN THE ERYTHROCYTE IS CALLED)?
aplastic anemia ( or iron deficiency anemia)
What disease is a noninfectious chronic respiratory condition that occurs when the walls of the alveoli deteriorates and lose of elasticity?
What is the toxic condition that occurs when the kidneys fail and urinary waste products are present in the bloodstream?
What is the temporary endocrine gland produced during pregnancy and acts as a link between mother and fetus?
What is the term for a yellow discoloration of the skin that can indicate bile in the blood as a result of liver or gallbladder disease?
What is the term that shows inflammation condition of the liver?
Instrument used to examine the interior part of the eye is called what?
The presence of pus in the urine is called?
Cardiovascular test using ultrasound?
The loudness of sound is measured in a unit called?
What is the position where the patient lays with head higher than the feet?
Medical term for a pressure ulcer or bedsore?
The medical term for a ballooning out of vessel wall is:
The medical term for an exaggerated curvature of the thoracic spine is:
What is the medical term for a stationary blood clot?
What is the correct term for “pink eye”
What is commonly called the blind spot?
What is the fibrous membrane that covers the outside of the long bones and is necessary for bone growth, repair and nutrition?
What is the term used for the shaft of the long bone?
What is the longest muscle of the body?
What is the distal part of the small intestine known as:
What sinus is not a paranasal sinus?
The innermost layer of the eye is interlaced with many blood vessels which nutritious the eye. What is the layer called?
What is a bone inflammation usually caused by a pathogenic organism?
What is the enlarged pouch like structure that serves as a storage area for purified lymph before the lymph returns to the blood stream?
What disease is “Chronic malignant disease of the lymph nodes and is the most common form of lymphoma?
The generic patterns of an individual is called:
The physical, biochemical and physiological configuration of an individual determined by genes is called?
Periods of difficult breathing (dyspnea) alternating with periods of no respirations (apnea) is known as”
What is the thoracic space between the two lungs called?
White protein fibers of the skin, tendon, bone and/or cartilage is called:
The slight, continuous (partial) contraction of muscle is called:
The radiograph producing a detailed cross section of tissue at a predetermined depth is a:
The awareness of position in relation to time, space and person is:
Name the body plane that divides the body into anterior and posterior?
Skeletal muscles may move the body part toward the midline of the body. What is the movement called?
The small intestine is approximately 20 feet in length. What is the name given to the first approximate 10 inches of the small intestine?
The nervous system is divided into two parts. Name the part that includes the brain and spinal cord?
central nervous system
Which facial bone contains the tear duct?
The brain and spinal cord have several linings. What is the name of the outer membrane lining of the brain/spinal cord called?
What are the basic structural units of the nerve tissue called?
What is the name of the lower jaw bone?
The thyroid, pituitary and adrenal glands are part of which system?
Chronic respiratory disease casing bronchospasm and wheezing thought to be caused by allergies common in children?
Lymph tissue found in the pharynx on each side of the soft palate are called?
Muscle wasting or degeneration due to lack of movement is called?
Patient position commonly used for pelvic exam, PAP test, and vaginal birth?
What is the Chronic destruction of liver cells leaving scar tissue caused by alcohol?
Separates right ventricle and pulmonary arteries?
Acute inflammation of nerve cells, same virus as chicken pox?
Yeast infection of the mouth causing white parches on the tongue and often occurring in newborn infants?
Vision condition where lens are cloudy or opaque?
What disease does prenatal hypothyroid cause?
What is the structure of the lungs that allows for the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide between the lungs and capillaries surrounding the structures?
What are three types of blood vessels found in the body?
Arteries, capillaries and veins
What is the medical term for the tissue that makes up the thick middle layer of the heart?
What stimulates the beginning of the heart beat is also known as the pacemaker of the heart?
What is an inherited disease that is caused by a lack of plasma protein for ‘clotting’, is called?
viral infection that cause paralysis of a muscle
What is located between the enamel and pulp of tooth?
The cell division that produces 4 cells each with one half of the genetic information need to make a complete cell
The general term for inflammation of skin is called?
This composed of skin, nails, specialized glands and nerves.
What is the medical term for low calcium in the blood?
medical term for inflammation of nasal cavity of nose and mucous membrane
leading cause of blindness is _____ caused by intraocular pressure
Which plane divides the upper and lower body?
Abnormal Growth of endometrial tissue outside the uterus is called?
Most dangerous form of skin cancer
Tricare (CHAMPUS) is the gov. health insurance plan for what group of people?
military personnel and their families
The 2 types of cholesterol used to monitor patients risk for heart
HDL and LDL
Branch of dentistry concerned with the dx and tx of diseases of disease of the dental pulp and its surrounding tissue
When laying flat BP is normal by when they get up BP is low.
The common signs of infection?
redness, warmth, drainage, tenderness, swelling
A bone that is embedded in a tendon or muscle?
What parasite must live in the cells of other living organisms?
Outbreak of disease over widespread geographic or global area
What does FAST stand for when dealing with a possible stroke
face, arm, speech, time
What disease is caused by protozoa in the intestines and results in loose stool?
The 6 rights of giving medication.
Right patient, medication, dose, mode, time, documentation
What is the area of the eye where there is a dense population of cones and is the area of most acute vision?
How many drops in a milliliter?
What is the term used that means a med is given by injection?
The 2 hormones made by the pancreas.
insulin and glucagon
How many ml in an ounce?
How many milligrams in one grain?
There are 3 holes in the diaphragm what 3 organs go through these holes?
aorta, esophagus, inferior vena cava
How many teeth in permanent dentition
How many teeth in primary dentition
The recommended immediate treatment for a sprain/strain is remembered by an acronym. What does it mean?
rest, ice, compression, elevation
the prominent muscle of the calf
what is the immunization giving to patients over age 60 to prevent a disease caused by chickenpox?
What is the injection used for Mantsuex (TB) test that goes just under the skin?
What is the injection that is injected into the layer of tissue under the skin?
Name 2 of the 3 arteries that branch directly of the arch of the aorta. Be specific as to right or left.
Left Common Carotid Artery
Left Subclavian Artery
Name the disease process that is characterized by softening or increased porosity of the bones which causes them to break more easily. It is often seen more often in menopausal women due to decrease in estrogen production.
Name 3 of the 4 tissues that make up the organs of the body.
epithelial, connective, nerve, muscle
What are the 2 types of flu vaccines?
Flu shot, nasal flu vaccine
What does a flu vaccine contain in it?
killed flu viruses
What happens when you go into cardiac arrest?
When the heart is unable to effectively pump blood because of an irregular heart rhythm