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Flashcards in Academics Deck (365):
1

What is the microscopic study of the structures, composition, and functions of tissue called

histology

2

What is the science which deals with the formation, structure, and function of cells?

cytology

3

What is the study of the nature and cause of disease which involves changes in structure and function?

pathology

4

To what does the word part "gyneco" refer?

female

5

What medical term describes one who has no appetite?

anorexic

6

What is the medical term that means below?

inferior

7

What is the medical term for fingers or toes?

phalanges

8

What is the medical term for painful or difficult urination?

dysuria

9

What medical prefix refers to pain?

dys

10

What is the medical term for red blood cell?

erythrocyte

11

What is the medical term for white blood cell?

leukocyte

12

What is the medical term which means fibrin is destroyed?

fibrinolysis

13

What is the medical term that means hardening of the arteries?

arteriosclerosis

14

What is the medical term indication inflammation of a vein?

phlebitis

15

What is the medical term that means excessive vomiting?

hyperemesis

16

What is the medical prefix that means "too much"?

hyper

17

What is the medical term for a benign fatty tumor?

lipoma

18

What medical term means dissolving a stone?

litholysis

19

What is the medical term for a gall stone?

cholelith

20

What is the medical term pertaining to the tongue and throat?

glossopharyngeal

21

What is the medical term for profuse bleeding?

hemorrhage

22

What is the correct term for excessive amounts of urine?

polyuria

23

What is the term used to mean the number of calories of heat that must be produced per hour to keep the baby alive, awake and comfortably warm?

basal metabolic rate

24

What is the correct term for no production of urine?

anuria

25

What is the correct term for high blood sugar?

hyperglycemia

26

What is the correct term for sugar in the urine?

glycosuria

27

What is the term for low blood sugar?

hypoglycemia

28

What is the proper term for blood vessels getting larger in diameter?

vasodilation

29

What is the medical term for profuse sweating?

daphoreses

30

What is ABG the abbreviation for?

arterial blood gases

31

What does the abbreviation CT stand for?

computed tomography

32

What does the abbreviation D/C mean?

disccontinue

33

What suffix refers to pain

-algia

34

What is the abbreviation for iron?

Fe

35

What id FSH the abbreviation for?

follicle stimulating hormone

36

What is gtt the abbreviation for?

drop

37

What is HCT the abbreviation for?

hematocrit

38

What is IVP the abbreviation for?

intravenous pyelogram

39

What is the abbreviation meaning after meals?

pc

40

What is the abbreviation meaning before meals?

ac

41

What is the abbreviation meaning every?

q

42

What is the abbreviation meaning every other day?

qod

43

What is the abbreviation for "ass needed" or "whenever necessary"?

prn

44

What medical term means "immediately"?

stat

45

What is the abbreviation for what is commonly referred to as a stroke?

CVA

46

What medical term means "as desired"?

ad lib

47

What does the medical abbreviation "D & C" mean?

dilation and curettage

48

What does the abbreviation "c" with a line over it mean?

with

49

What does the abbreviation "s" with a line over it mean?

without

50

What does the abbreviation T.I.D. mean?

three times aday

51

What does the abbreviation Q.I.D. mean?

four times a day

52

What does the abbreviation h.s. mean?

hour of sleep

53

To what organ do the prefixes: hepa, hepar, or hepato refor

liver

54

What is the correct medical term for a physician who diagnosis's disorders of the eye

Ophthalmogist

55

What is the term for a physician who studies and interprets x-rays?

radiologist

56

What is the medical term for earache?

otalgia

57

What is the term which means the rate at which an illness occurs in a particular area or population?

morbidity

58

What is the medical term for lateral curvature of the spine?

scoliosis

59

What is the Latin term meaning "in an artificial environment" or "outside the body"?

in vitro

60

What is the formal medical term for an umbilical hernia?

omphalocele

61

What is the term for a pregnancy that occurs outside the uterine cavity?

ectopic

62

What is the term that refers to shrinkage of muscle tissue due to decreased in activity?

atrophy

63

What term refers to the normal formation and development of blood cells in the bone marrow?

hematopoiesis

64

Symptoms that are experienced and described by the patient but not observed by others are referred to as what?

subjective

65

What are symptoms that are perceptible to others called?

objective

66

What is a prefix meaning "without or not"?

a

67

What do the initials COPD stand for?

chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

68

What is the term pertaining to an agent that destroys or damages tissue cells?

cytotoxic

69

What is the medical term for double vision?

diplopia

70

What is the medical term for incontinence of urine, especially at night, or bed-wetting?

enuresis

71

What is the medical term for excessive gas in the digestive system?

flatulence

72

What term describes a disease or condition without a known cause?

idiopathic

73

What do the initials REM stand for?

rapid eye movement

74

What term describes the process in which two organs, substances, or agents work simultaneously to enhance the function and effect of one another?

synergy

75

What medical term describes ringing in the ears?

tinnitus

76

What is an organic substance that initiates and accelerates a chemical reaction?

enzyme

77

What is a muscle which draws a part away from the median pane of the body called?

abductor

78

What is the medical term that means fatty or pertaining to fat?

adipose

79

What is the chemical symbol or abbreviation for silver?

Ag

80

What is the medical term meaning absence or loss of hair?

alopecia

81

What term refers to the cessation of breathing?

apnea

82

What term refers to the accumulation of serous fluid in the peritoneal cavity?

ascites

83

What term refers to a sensation preceding a seizure?

aura

84

What in the term by which any substance that produces or incites cancer is known?

carsinogen

85

What is a substance which speeds up the rate of a chemical reaction without itself being permanently altered in the reaction called?

catalyst

86

What is a medical term for a bluish, grayish, or slatelike discoloration of the skin due to oxygen deficiency called?

cyanosis

87

What is the medical term meaning evacuation of the bowels?

defacation

88

What term refers to the division of sex cells?

meiosis

89

What term means closed, plugged, or obstructed?

occluded

90

What term refers to a foreign substance or thrombus that circulates in the blood stream until it becomes lodged in a vessel?

embolus

91

What is the medical term for vomiting?

emesis

92

What is the medical term for nose bleeding?

epitaxis

93

What is the medical term referring to the causes of disease?

etiology

94

What is the term for any tiny entity capable of carrying on living which may be pathogenic?

microorganism

95

What medical term describes an increase in the size of an organ or body structure which does not involve tumor formation?

hypertrophy

96

What is the medical term for jaundice or pigmentation of the tissues with the bile pigments?

icterus

97

What prefix means in the midst of or between?

inter

98

What prefix means within?

intra

99

What term refers to hidden, concealed or not active?

latent

100

What is the medical prefix for white?

leuko

101

What is the medical prefix for stone or calculus?

litho

102

What is the prefix for large?

macro

103

What is the prefix meaning small in size?

micro

104

What prefix means one or single?

mono

105

What prefix means many or much?

poly

106

What term refers to the ability to move spontaneously?

mobile

107

What is the medical term for mumps?

infectious parotitis

108

What prefix refers to muscle?

my

109

What medical term describes dead tissue surrounded by healthy parts?

necrosis

110

What prefix refers to a tumor or cancer?

onco

111

What prefix refers to the ovary?

oophor

112

What term refers to a surgically formed artificial opening?

ostomy

113

What suffix means removal of?

ectomy

114

What prefix indicates disease?

path

115

What is the medical term for whooping cough?

pertussis

116

What is a drug with no medicinal effect that is given to satisfy a patient's demand for medication or is used in test situations where one group receives the actual medication and the other group receives this?

placebo

117

What term refers to the prediction of the course and end of a disease and the estimate of chance for recovery?

prognosis

118

What term means a tendency to relapse or to return to a former condition?

recidivism

119

What is an abnormal condition that follows and is a result of a disease?

sequela

120

What do the initials STD stand for?

sexually transmitted disease

121

What is the instrument used for determining arterial blood pressure?

sphygmomanometer

122

What term describes the stagnation or standing still of normal flow of fluids?

stasis

123

What term refers to an abnormal rapid hear beat?

tachycardia

124

What term means pertaining to touch?

tactile

125

What is the medical/biological science concerned with detecting and studying poisonous substances and establishing antidotes?

toxicology

126

What is a continuous, involuntary quivering of a convulsive nature called?

tremor

127

What infection is being tested for when one receives a Mantoux test?

tuberculosis

128

What term means and open sore of lesion of the skin or mucous membrane accompanied by sloughing of necrotic tissue?

ulcer

129

What is the term that describes an inflammatory condition of the liver?

hepatiis

130

What is the medical term for chicken pox?

varicella

131

What is the medical term for dizziness?

vertigo

132

What does the abbreviation LDL mean?

low density lipoprotein

133

A syllable or word placed at the beginning of a root word is called a

prefix

134

What is the medical abbreviation for nothing by mouth?

NPO

135

What does the abbreviation G/C stand for?

geri-chair

136

What does the abbreviation OS stand for?

left eye

137

What should direct statements by the client be documented in the medical record?

by quotation marks

138

What does the word element nephro mean?

kidney

139

What does the word element -lysis

loosening, dissolving

140

What does the word element necro mean?

death

141

What does the word element -ology mean?

study of

142

What does the word form cardio refer to?

heart

143

What was the first drug law passed in the United States?

Pure Food and Drug Act

144

What are the rules that ensure uniform uniform strength, quality and purity of drugs?

drug standards

145

What is the term that means the way drugs act on body cells?

pharmacodynamics

146

What is a liquid drug in a heavy sugar and water solution with flavoring called?

syrup

147

What is the term for a drug that is to be taken under the tongue?

subligual

148

What is the abbreviation for centimeter?

cm

149

How many grains equal one gram?

15

150

What is a drug which stops the growth of bacteria called?

antitussive

151

What classification of drug would be ordered for an individual who has a fever?

antipyretic

152

What is a high school reaction to a drug which may be beneficial or harmful?

side effect

153

What is an antigen-antibody response to a drug that may result in danger to the patient?

allergic reaction

154

What is a tablet that doesn't dissolve until it reaches the small intestine called?

enteretic coated

155

What is a drug that acts at the site of application called?

local or topical

156

What usually happens to the pupils of a shock victim?

they dilate

157

What type of fracture is not a complete break?

greenstick

158

What element is capable of stopping the passage of radiation?

lead

159

What area of the face is most sensitive to x-ray exposure?

lens of the eye

160

Give the normal range of months by which time all twenty primary teeth have erupted?

24-30

161

What is the stage of periodontal disease involving loss of bone that supports teeth called?

periodontitis

162

What is the artificial replacing of none of more teeth with a fixed prosthesis called?

bridge

163

What teeth are enervated by the inferior alveolar nerve?

mandibular posteriors

164

What happens to the x-ray film if the temperature of the developer is too low?

will produce a very light image

165

What gland is located below and in front of the ear?

the parotid

166

What term describes the unconscious grinding of teeth?

bruxism

167

What is the name of the instrument used to test one's hearing?

audiometer

168

What is blurring of vision due to an abnormal curvature of the cornea called?

astigmatism

169

What term is used to indicate listening for sounds produced by the body

auscultation

170

What term is used to refer to the inner surface of the arm at the elbow?

antecubital

171

What is the term that describes a microorganism which can live and grow only in the presence of oxygen?

aurobe

172

What is the name of the support group for family members of alcoholism?

AL-ANON (all caps required)

173

What is the excision of a small piece of tissue for microscopic examination?

biopsy

174

Name the part of the microscope substage that regulates the amount of light directed on a specimenn

iris diaphragm

175

If pancreatitis is suspected, what test is usually performed?

amylase

176

What is the breathing pattern characterized by alternating periods of apnea and hyperventilation called?

cheyne-stokes

177

What is the procedure whereby ultra high-frequency sound waves are directed toward the heart to evaluate its function and structure?

echocardiogram

178

What term i used to describe quivering of cardiac muscle fibers which produces ineffective rapid but weak heart action?

fibrillation

179

What term describes the spread of cancer form one organ of the body to another?

metastasis

180

What is the medical term for the onset of menstrual periods?

menarche

181

What is the term used to describe the period of time immediately following the delivery of a baby?

postpartum

182

What is the name of the instrument used to measure the volume of exhaled air?

spirometer

183

What is the condition called which results from a decrease in the amount of calcium stored in the bones?

osteoporosis

184

What is the term give for having had nothing to eat or drink for a specific period of time?

fasting

185

Name the condition where a patient has overwhelming attacks of sleep which cannot be overcome?

narcolepsy

186

What is an x-ray of the breast called?

mammogram

187

What is the name of the chronic lung disease characterized by over distension of the alveolar sacs and inability to exchange oxygen and carbon dioxide?

emphysema

188

According to Maslow's hierarchy of needs, what are the needs to be met after the physical needs?

safety and security

189

What is the partition that separate the two nasal cavities called?

nasal septum

190

What are the two main tubes to the lungs called?

bronchi

191

What is the cluster of capillaries located at one end of the nephron called?

glomerulus

192

What is the tube called that carries urine from the bladder to the outside?

urethra

193

Which endocrine gland is the largest?

thyroid

194

What hormone regulates the metabolic rate of body cells?

thyroxin

195

What do lacrimal glands secrete?

tears

196

Which gland produces a hormone which regulates the amount of calcium dissolved in the circulating blood?

parathyroid

197

Name the female gonad

ovary

198

What is the 20 foot tube in which the spermatozoa mature and become motile?

epididymis

199

Name the cartilage associated with the larynx which bends over the laryngeal opening to direct food into the esophagus

epiglottis

200

What is the valve between the small and large intestine called?

ileocecal

201

What is the first part of the small intestine called?

duodenum

202

What membrane lines he eyelids?

conjunctiva

203

What cranial nerve carries impulses for smell?

olfactory

204

What is the region or junction at which a nerve impulse is transmitted from on neuron to another called?

synapse

205

What lobe of the cerebrum interprets visual messages?

occipital

206

What kind of glands are those which secrete hormones into the blood stream?

endocrine

207

What is the anatomical term that indicates a structure nearer its origin?

proximal

208

What are the desired end products of carbohydrate digestion?

monosaccharides

209

What is a protein that is deficient in one or more essential amino acids called?

incomplete

210

What is the protoplasm inside the cell membrane called?

cytoplasm

211

Name the three kinds of muscles and tell whether it is voluntary or involuntary

skeletal, voluntary smooth, involuntary cardiac, involuntary

212

What are the hardest structures in the body, which are constructed primarily of calcium

teeth

213

List three accessory organs of digestion

liver, gallbladder, pancreas

214

What is the most abundant mineral in the body?

calcium

215

What is another name for the master gland?

the pituitary gland

216

What is the medical term for the collar bone?

clavicle

217

What muscle abducts the arm and caps the shoulder?

deltoid

218

What is the kissing muscle of the lips called?

orbicularis oris

219

What artery supplies blood to the head and the neck?

carotid

220

What is the name of the longest vein of the body?

saphenous

221

Name 2 of the 3 types of hormones that are produced in the adrenal cortex

glucocorticoids, mineralocorticoid, androgens

222

Name the 2 types of cells in the islets of Langerhans that produce hormones

Alpha and Beta

223

What hormone stimulates the "fight or flight" response to an emergency?

epinephrine

224

The body may be divided into 3 imaginary planes. Which plane runs lengthwise from the front to the back dividing the body into right and left sides?

sagittal

225

The body may be divided into 3 imaginary planes. Which plane cuts the body horizontally into an upper and lower portion?

transverse

226

Which bands of connective tissue anchor bones together?

ligaments

227

What is the body's first line of defense against pathogens?

skin

228

How many cervical vertebra are there in the vertebral column?

seevn

229

What is the medical term for the knee bone?

patella

230

What is the medical term for the lower arm bone o the thumb side?

radius

231

What is the medical term for the lower arm bone on the little finger side?

ulna

232

What is the longest and strongest bone of the body?

femur

233

What is the name of the hip socket into which the head of the femur articulates?

acetabulum

234

What is the projection of the ulna known as the elbow or "funny bone" called?

olecranon process

235

What is the movement in certain types of joints that decreases the angle between 2 aligning bones called?

flexion

236

What is the movement in certain types of joints that increases the angle between 2 aligning bones called?

extension

237

Name the outer membrane covering the brain and spinal cord

dura mater

238

Name the mucous membrane lining the inner surface of the uterus

endometrium

239

What is the progressive wavelike movement that occurs involuntarily in the walls of the gastrointestinal tract called?

peristalsis

240

What is the tough connective tissue membrane that covers the bone called?

periosteum

241

What are the coverings of the brain and spinal cord called?

meninges

242

What is the liquid part of the blood known as?

plasma

243

Blood in the right ventricle is kept form being pumped back into the atrium by the action of what structure?

tricuspid valve

244

What stimulates the initiation of the heart beat?

sinoatrial node

245

The coronary arteries branch off what blood vessel?

ascending aorta

246

Name the lymphatic organ that plays a key role in immunity and becomes adipose tissue later in life?

thymus

247

Where is the Circle of Willis located?

in the brain

248

Name a gland like structure in the brain that is shaped like a pine cone, located in a pocket near the corpus callosum. The exact function of the gland is unknown.

pineal body

249

What nerve is known as the pneumogastric or 10th cranial nerve, has both motor and sensory functions and a wider distribution than any of the other cranial nerves?

vagus

250

What blood vessels generally carry blood low in oxygen content?

veins

251

What is the name of the body system that includes the skin, associated glands, hair and nails?

Integumentary (Resource Human Body pg 79)

252

What is the term used for the ends of the long bones which contains the red bone marrow?

Epiphysis (Resource Human body pg 95)

253

What is the name of the bone that is at the tip of the sternum? This tip is vital in hand placement when performing CPR?

Xiphoid Process (Resource Human body pg 103)

254

Name the structure that is a connective tissue, cord like extension from the muscle, which connects muscle to bone?

Tendon (Resource Human body pg 127)

255

Name four of the 10 cranial Nerves

Olfactory, Optic, Occulomoter, Trochlear, Trigeminal, Abducens, Facial, Vestibulocochlear (formerly auditory or acoustic), Glossopharyngeal, Vagus, Accessory (formerly spinal accessory). (Resource Human body pg 179).

256

State the number of deciduous teeth in a primary dentition?

20 (Resource Human body pg 349)

257

There are five types of leukocytes. Name the leukocyte that is one of the two agranulocytes, is the largest in size, and functions in phagocytosis?

Monocytes (Resource Human body pg 231)

258

The liquid part of the blood is called:

plasma

259

A seizure that results in momentary loss of consciousness and is marked by starring is called?

petit mal seizure

260

The spaces in an infant skull that allow for the skull to grow are called?

fontanel

261

The structure that separates the right atrium from the right ventricle is called. (OR USE LEFT)

Tricuspid (bicuspid)

262

What covering protects the crown of a tooth and is the hardest substance of the body? (OR WHAT IS THE COVERING OF THE TOOTH ROOT)?

Enamel (cementum)

263

An inflammation of the membranes that surrounds the nervous tissue of the CNS is called?

meningitis

264

The term that describes the uncoordinated contraction of the cardiac muscle is?

fibrillation

265

What type of anemia that is a result of injury to or destruction of the bone marrow is known as? (OR THE TYPE OF ANEMIA THAT IS CHARACTERIZED BY AN INADEQUATE AMOUNT OF IRON TO FORM HEMOGLOBIN IN THE ERYTHROCYTE IS CALLED)?

aplastic anemia ( or iron deficiency anemia)

266

What disease is a noninfectious chronic respiratory condition that occurs when the walls of the alveoli deteriorates and lose of elasticity?

Emphysema

267

What is the toxic condition that occurs when the kidneys fail and urinary waste products are present in the bloodstream?

uremia

268

What is the temporary endocrine gland produced during pregnancy and acts as a link between mother and fetus?

placenta

269

What is the term for a yellow discoloration of the skin that can indicate bile in the blood as a result of liver or gallbladder disease?

jaundice

270

What is the term that shows inflammation condition of the liver?

hepatitis

271

Instrument used to examine the interior part of the eye is called what?

ophthalmoscope

272

The presence of pus in the urine is called?

pyuria

273

Cardiovascular test using ultrasound?

echocardiogram

274

The loudness of sound is measured in a unit called?

decibel

275

What is the position where the patient lays with head higher than the feet?

trendelenberg

276

Medical term for a pressure ulcer or bedsore?

decubitis ulcer

277

The medical term for a ballooning out of vessel wall is:

aneurysm

278

The medical term for an exaggerated curvature of the thoracic spine is:

Kyphosis

279

What is the medical term for a stationary blood clot?

Thrombus

280

What is the correct term for “pink eye”

conjunctivitis

281

What is commonly called the blind spot?

Optic disc

282

What is the fibrous membrane that covers the outside of the long bones and is necessary for bone growth, repair and nutrition?

periosteum

283

What is the term used for the shaft of the long bone?

diaphysis

284

What is the longest muscle of the body?

sartorius

285

What is the distal part of the small intestine known as:

Ileum

286

What sinus is not a paranasal sinus?

mastoid

287

The innermost layer of the eye is interlaced with many blood vessels which nutritious the eye. What is the layer called?

choroid coat

288

What is a bone inflammation usually caused by a pathogenic organism?

osteomyelitis

289

What is the enlarged pouch like structure that serves as a storage area for purified lymph before the lymph returns to the blood stream?

Cisterna chili

290

What disease is “Chronic malignant disease of the lymph nodes and is the most common form of lymphoma?

Hodgkin's disease

291

The generic patterns of an individual is called:

genotype

292

The physical, biochemical and physiological configuration of an individual determined by genes is called?

phenotype

293

Periods of difficult breathing (dyspnea) alternating with periods of no respirations (apnea) is known as”

cheyne-stokes

294

What is the thoracic space between the two lungs called?

mediastium

295

White protein fibers of the skin, tendon, bone and/or cartilage is called:

collagen

296

The slight, continuous (partial) contraction of muscle is called:

tone

297

The radiograph producing a detailed cross section of tissue at a predetermined depth is a:

tomography

298

The awareness of position in relation to time, space and person is:

reality orientation

299

Name the body plane that divides the body into anterior and posterior?

coronal

300

Skeletal muscles may move the body part toward the midline of the body. What is the movement called?

adduction

301

The small intestine is approximately 20 feet in length. What is the name given to the first approximate 10 inches of the small intestine?

duodenum

302

The nervous system is divided into two parts. Name the part that includes the brain and spinal cord?

central nervous system

303

Which facial bone contains the tear duct?

lacrimal

304

The brain and spinal cord have several linings. What is the name of the outer membrane lining of the brain/spinal cord called?

Dura Mater

305

What are the basic structural units of the nerve tissue called?

neuron

306

What is the name of the lower jaw bone?

mandible

307

The thyroid, pituitary and adrenal glands are part of which system?

endocrine system

308

Chronic respiratory disease casing bronchospasm and wheezing thought to be caused by allergies common in children?

asthma

309

Lymph tissue found in the pharynx on each side of the soft palate are called?

tonsils

310

Muscle wasting or degeneration due to lack of movement is called?

atrophy

311

Patient position commonly used for pelvic exam, PAP test, and vaginal birth?

lithotomy

312

What is the Chronic destruction of liver cells leaving scar tissue caused by alcohol?

cirrhosis

313

Separates right ventricle and pulmonary arteries?

pulmonary valve

314

Acute inflammation of nerve cells, same virus as chicken pox?

shingles

315

Yeast infection of the mouth causing white parches on the tongue and often occurring in newborn infants?

thrush

316

Vision condition where lens are cloudy or opaque?

cataract

317

What disease does prenatal hypothyroid cause?

cretinism

318

What is the structure of the lungs that allows for the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide between the lungs and capillaries surrounding the structures?

alveoli

319

What are three types of blood vessels found in the body?

Arteries, capillaries and veins

320

What is the medical term for the tissue that makes up the thick middle layer of the heart?

myocardium

321

What stimulates the beginning of the heart beat is also known as the pacemaker of the heart?

sino-atrial node

322

What is an inherited disease that is caused by a lack of plasma protein for ‘clotting’, is called?

hemophilia

323

viral infection that cause paralysis of a muscle

polio

324

What is located between the enamel and pulp of tooth?

dentin

325

The cell division that produces 4 cells each with one half of the genetic information need to make a complete cell

meiosis

326

The general term for inflammation of skin is called?

dermatitis

327

This composed of skin, nails, specialized glands and nerves.

integumentary system

328

What is the medical term for low calcium in the blood?

hypocalcimia

329

medical term for inflammation of nasal cavity of nose and mucous membrane

rhinitis

330

leading cause of blindness is _____ caused by intraocular pressure

glaucoma

331

Which plane divides the upper and lower body?

transverse plane

332

Abnormal Growth of endometrial tissue outside the uterus is called?

endometriosis

333

Most dangerous form of skin cancer

melanoma

334

Tricare (CHAMPUS) is the gov. health insurance plan for what group of people?

military personnel and their families

335

The 2 types of cholesterol used to monitor patients risk for heart

HDL and LDL

336

Branch of dentistry concerned with the dx and tx of diseases of disease of the dental pulp and its surrounding tissue

endodontics

337

When laying flat BP is normal by when they get up BP is low.

orthostatic hypotension

338

The common signs of infection?

redness, warmth, drainage, tenderness, swelling

339

A bone that is embedded in a tendon or muscle?

sesamoid

340

What parasite must live in the cells of other living organisms?

Rickettsiae

341

Outbreak of disease over widespread geographic or global area

pandemic

342

What does FAST stand for when dealing with a possible stroke

face, arm, speech, time

343

What disease is caused by protozoa in the intestines and results in loose stool?

amoebic dysentry

344

The 6 rights of giving medication.

Right patient, medication, dose, mode, time, documentation

345

What is the area of the eye where there is a dense population of cones and is the area of most acute vision?

macula lutea

346

How many drops in a milliliter?

15mL

347

What is the term used that means a med is given by injection?

parenteral

348

The 2 hormones made by the pancreas.

insulin and glucagon

349

How many ml in an ounce?

30mL

350

How many milligrams in one grain?

60mg/1gr

351

There are 3 holes in the diaphragm what 3 organs go through these holes?

aorta, esophagus, inferior vena cava

352

How many teeth in permanent dentition

32

353

How many teeth in primary dentition

20

354

The recommended immediate treatment for a sprain/strain is remembered by an acronym. What does it mean?

rest, ice, compression, elevation

355

the prominent muscle of the calf

gastronemius

356

what is the immunization giving to patients over age 60 to prevent a disease caused by chickenpox?

Herpes Zoster

357

What is the injection used for Mantsuex (TB) test that goes just under the skin?

intradermal

358

What is the injection that is injected into the layer of tissue under the skin?

subcutaneous

359

Name 2 of the 3 arteries that branch directly of the arch of the aorta. Be specific as to right or left.

Brachiocephalic artery
Left Common Carotid Artery
Left Subclavian Artery

360

Name the disease process that is characterized by softening or increased porosity of the bones which causes them to break more easily. It is often seen more often in menopausal women due to decrease in estrogen production.

Osteoporosis

361

Name 3 of the 4 tissues that make up the organs of the body.

epithelial, connective, nerve, muscle

362

What are the 2 types of flu vaccines?

Flu shot, nasal flu vaccine

363

What does a flu vaccine contain in it?

killed flu viruses

364

What happens when you go into cardiac arrest?

When the heart is unable to effectively pump blood because of an irregular heart rhythm

365

How is asthma identified?

shortness of breath, coughing, tightening of chest, wheezing