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Flashcards in Safety Deck (25):
0

What are the smallest micro organisms, visible only using a microscope that cannot reproduce unless they are inside another living cell called?

Viruses

1

Where do you dispose of infectious waste or soiled linen?

Biohazardous Material Bags

2

What piece of equipment uses steam under pressure or gas to sterilize equipment and supplies?

Autoclave

3

In an ultrasound, when the bubbles strike the items being cleaned, they explode. What is this process called?

Cavitation

4

What is the term for an inanimate object that serves as a reservoir for infection?

Fomite

5

What is the term for an infection that is acquired in a health care facility?

Nosocomial

6

An infection that develops as a result of the person's weakened body defenses is considered what type of infection?

Opportunistic

7

List four of the six links in the chain of infection.

(Causative) agent
Source or reservoir
Portal of exit
Mode of transmission
Portal of entrance
(Susceptible) host

8

What is the most effective means of preventing spread if infection?

Washing hands

9

What is the absence of pathogens called?

Asepsis

10

When a fire emergency occurs, what is an acronym that may be used, and what do the letters stand for?

R=Race
A=Alarm
C=Contain
E=Evacuate

11

What does a focused examination consist of in an emergency situation?

Checking the patient's: neck head chest abdomen pelvis legs arms and portions of the back that are reachable without moving the patient.

12

What is the initial assessment consist of in an emergency situation?

Evaluating of the patient's responsiveness through his or her answer to your question

13

What are three of the five major types of microorganisms?

Bacteria
Fungi
Protozoa
Rickettsiae (Parasites)
Viruses

14

What is the most familiar type of microorganism that infects humans?

Bacteria

15

What are two common signs of local infection?

Redness Edema Tenderness Warmth Drainage

16

What are two of the three common practices that are used to prevent growth and spread of microorganisms?

Antiseptics Disinfection Sterilization

17

What is the condition when victim has a pulse but is not breathing?

Respiratory arrest

18

The method of prioritizing to make sure the victim in most severe condition is treated first is called?

Triage

19

What are disease-causing microorganism called?

Pathogens

20

The streptococci microorganism is what type of microorganism?

Bacteria

21

An indwelling catheter is contaminated during the insertion process and subsequently causes an infection. What mode of transmission is this?

Indirect with a Fomite

23

The Centers for Disease Control established rules to prevent the spread of microorganisms by considering all body fluids from any person to be potentially infectious. What is the name of these rules established by CDC?

Standard Precautions

24

List three rules for basic body mechanics.

Maintain a broad base of support
Keep your back straight, bend from hips and knees
Use the strongest muscles of the legs to do the work
Carry heavy object close to the body
Avoid twisting your body whenever possible rather than lifting
Size up the load and get help if needed

25

OSHA requires that employers inform employees of all chemicals and hazards in the workplace. Hazardous products must have information provided about the product identification, precautions to use when handling the chemicals, etc. What is the name of the document to inform employees of these hazards called? (Do not abbreviate)

Material Safety Data Sheets