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Flashcards in Acid Base Balance Deck (17)
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1

Lung Chemical

CO2 =acid

2

Kidney chemical

H (acid)
bicard (base)

3

hypoventiliatin

retain Co2

4

hyperventiliation

eliminate CO2

5

Respiatory Acidosis

too much C02, hypoventiliating
kidneys needs to excrete H (acid), retian bicarb)

6

Respitory Acidosis signs and symptoms and treatment

imparied gas exchance, depressed respirations

HA, confused
sleepy
decreased LOC,
could lead to coma

hypoxic= restlessness and tachycardia

give them 02
treat problem
TCDB
suction
fluids
elevate HOB
incentive spirameter

7

respirtory alkalosis

not enough co2, hyperventilating
kidneys excrete bicarb (base) retain h (acid)

hysterical,aute aspirin overdose,

8

respirtory alkalosis signs and symtoms

lightheaded
faint,
peri oribaital numbness
numbness and tingling in fingers and toes

9

treatment of respiratory alkalosis

breathe into paperbag
may sedate
treat cause
monitor ABG

10

metabolic acidosi

kidneys sick, lungs compensate with CO2
retaining h not enough bicard
ph low

respiratory rate will incease to get rid of C02

11

causes of metabolic acidois

DKA -ketones is acid
starvations
renal failure
severe diarhhea (losing bicarb)

12

signs and symtoms of metabolic acidosis

depend on cause
hyperkalemia (muscle twitch, weaknessm parakysis)
increased resp rate

13

treatment of metabolic acidosis

treat problem
give sodium bicard iv push

14

metabolic alkalosis

kidney sick too much bicard
ph high

15

causes of metabolic alkalosis

loss of upper Gi contents
too many antacids ( too much base)
too much iv bicarb

16

signs and symptoms of metabolic alkalosis

depend on cause
observe LOC
monitor for muscle cramps and arrythmias
hypokalemia

17

treatment of metabolic alkalosis

fix problem
replace k