Acidosis/Alkalosis Basics, Heart Murmur Basics, ETC Flashcards Preview

Internal Med > Acidosis/Alkalosis Basics, Heart Murmur Basics, ETC > Flashcards

Flashcards in Acidosis/Alkalosis Basics, Heart Murmur Basics, ETC Deck (15):
1

metabolic acidosis

decreased pH
decreased HCO3
normal pCO2 or decreased with compensation

2

metabolic alkalosis

increased pH
increased HCo3
normal paCo2 or increased with compensation

3

respiratory acidosis

increased pH
increased CO2
normal Hco3 or increased with compensation

4

respiratory alkalosis

decreased pH
decreased Co2
normal hco3 OR decreased with compensation

5

innocent/physiological murmur

midsystolic
2/3 LIS

6

aortic sclerosis murmur

midsystolic

7

aortic stenosis murmur

midsystolic
increases with sitting and leaning forward

8

aortic stenosis other signs

diminished S2
paradoxical S2 split
S4 gallop
small and weak pulse

9

IHSS

midsystolic
increases with valsalva, standing

10

MR

holosystolic murmur
S3

11

TR

holosystolic murmur
intensifies with inspiration
RS S3

12

VSD

holosystoic murmur

13

MS murmur

diastolic murmur/rumble
opening snap

14

AR

diastolic murmur, best with leaning forward
MSEM
S3,S4 gallop
bounding pulse

15

PDA

continuous machine murmur