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Herbal medicine Materia Medica > Actions > Flashcards

Flashcards in Actions Deck (79):
1

Adaptogenic

Increases bodys resistance to stressors
Improves adaptability

2

Adrenal tonic

Improves tone, histology & function of adrenal glands

3

Alterative

Improves detoxifications & aids elimination to reduce accumulation of metabolic waste products

4

Analgesic/anodyne

Relieves pain

5

Antacid

Counteracts or neutralises acidity in GI tract

6

Anthelmintic

Kills or assists in the expulsion of intestinal worms

7

Antiallergic

Tones down allergic response (stabilising mast cells)

8

Antibacterial

Inhibits growth of bacteria (bacteriostatic)
Destroys bacteria (bactericidal)

9

Anticatarrhal

Reduces formation of catarrh or phlegm

10

Anticonvulsant

Prevents or arrests seizures

11

Antidepressant

Alleviates depression

12

Antiemetic

Reduces nausea & vomiting

13

Antihyperhydrotic

Reduces excessive sweating

14

Anti-inflammatory

Reduces inflammation

15

Antilithic

Reduces formation of calculi (stone) from urinary tract

16

Antimicrobial

Inhibits growth or destroys microorganisms (bacteria, viruses, fungi & parasites) (Burberine)

17

Antioxidant

Protects cells against oxidation &free radical damage

18

Antiplatelet

Reduces platelet aggregation (& hence prolongs bleeding time & may prevent thrombus formation)

19

Antipruitic

Relieves or prevents itching

20

Antipyretic

Reduces or prevents fever

21

Antirheumatic

Prevents or relieves rheumatism

22

Antitussive

Reduces amount or severity of coughing

23

Antiviral

Inhibits growth or destroys viruses

24

Anxiolytic

Alleviates anxiety

25

Aromatic digestive

Assists digestion

26

Astringent

Causes contriction of mucous membranes & exposed tissues, usually by precipitating proteins (can produce a barrier on the mucous membrane or exposed surface)

27

Bitter tonic

Bitter tasting & stimulates the upper GIT

28

Bronchospasmolytic

Reduces spasms in the LRT

29

Cardioprotective

Protects cardiac tissue against hypoxia & reduces risk of heart damage

30

Cardiotonic

Inproves force & contraction of heart (positively inotropic)

31

Carminative

Relieves flatulence & soothes intestinal spasm & pain

32

Cholagogue

Increases release of stored bile in the gallbladder

33

Choleretic

Increases production of bile by the liver

34

Circulatory stimulant

Improves blood flow through body tissues

35

Cognition enhancing

Facilitates learning or memory

36

Demulcent

soothing effect on mucous membranes

37

Depurative

Improves detoxification & aids elimination of waste products

38

Diaphoretic

Promotes sweating

39

Diuretic

Increases urinary output (micturition)

40

Emmenagogue

Initiates & promotes menstrual flow

41

Emollient

soothe, softens or protects the skin

42

Oestrogen modulating

Promotes oestrogen production & effects in the body

43

Expectorant

Improves clearing of excess mucous from lungs (alters viscosity or improves cough reflex)

44

Febrifuge

Reduces or prevents fever

45

Female tonic

Improves tone, vigor & function or female repro system

46

Galactogogue

Increases breast milk production

47

Hepatoprotective

Protects hepatocytes against toxic damage

48

Hepatotrophorestorative

Restores integrity of liver tissue

49

Hynotic

Induces sleep & drowsiness

50

Hypocholesterolaemic

Reduces level of cholesterol in the blood

51

Hypoglycaemic

Reduces glucose in the blood

52

Hypotensive

Reduces blood pressure

53

Immune enhancing

Enhances immune system function

54

Immune modulating

Modulates & balances the activity of the immune system

55

Laxative

Facilitates evacuation of the bowel

56

Local anaesthetic

Removes sensation of pain when applied locally

57

Lymphatic

Assists detoxification by its effect on lymphatic tissue (also improves immune function)

58

Mucolytic

Helps brea up & disperse thick sticky mucous in th resp tract

59

Mucous membrane tonic

Improves tone, vigor & function of mucous membranes (resp & GI tracts)

60

Mucous membrane trophorestorative

Restores integrity of the mucous membranes (resp & GI tracts)

61

Nervine tonic

Improves tone, vigor & function of the nervous system

62

Neuroprotective

Helps prevent damage to brain or spinal cord from ishaemia, stroke, convulsion or trauma

63

Oxytocic

Causes contraction of the uterine ms in association w giving birth

64

Parturifacient

Induces labour & assistsin the efficient delivery of the foetus & placenta

65

Partus preparator

Taken in preparation for labour & childbirth

66

Peripheral vasodilator

Dilates or widens the peripheral blood vessels, improving ciculation to peripheral tissues (may reduce blood pressure)

67

Rubefacient

Produces a superficial inflammation of the skin to relieve a deeper inflammation

68

sedative

Reduces activity, particularly in the nerovus system & decreases nervous tension

69

sialagogue

Increases secretion of the salivary glands

70

spasmolytic

Reduces or relieves sm ms contraction (involuntary) - pain relief

71

stimulant

Heightens the function of an organ or system

72

styptic

stops bleeding when applied locally/topically

73

Thymoleptic

Elevates mood

74

Thyroid stimulant

Enhances activity of thyroid gland

75

Tonic

Improves tone, vigor & function of the whole body

76

Urinary antiseptic

Inhibits growth of or destroys microorganisms within the urinary tract

77

Urinary demulcent

soothing effect on mucous membranes of urinary tract

78

Uterine tonic

Increases tone of the uterine ms

79

Vulnerary

Promotes healing of wounds when applied locally