Digestive system Flashcards Preview

Herbal medicine Materia Medica > Digestive system > Flashcards

Flashcards in Digestive system Deck (12):
1

1. Angelica root

Angelica archangelica
Apiaceae
Root, rhizome

Actions:
Antispasmodic, cholagogue, bitter, aromatic, spasmolytic, carminative, diaphoretic, diuretic

Indications:
Loss of appetite, peptic discomforts, mild spasms of the GIT, flatulence, enzyme stimulation

Contraindications:
Pregnancy
May produce photosensitivity

2

2. Cinnamon

Cinnamomum zeylanicum
Lauraceae
Bark

Actions:
Carminative, aromatic digestive, astringent

Indications:
Loss of appetite, dyspeptic complaints, bloating, flatulence, mild spastic conditions of GI tract, nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea, uterine haemorrhage, menorhagia

Contraindications:
Known allergy
Pregnancy

3

3. Fennel

Foeniculum vulgare
Umbelliferae
Fruit (seed)

Actions:
Carminative, appetite stimulating
Oestrogen modulating, antimicrobial, expectorant
spasmolytic, galactogogue

Indications:
Dyspepsia, bloating, flatulence, infantile colic, spasmodic gastiric complaints, abdo pain, anorexia, vomiting, diarrhoea, obesity

Contraindications:
Pts who suffer from "celery-carrot-mugwort-spice" syndrome
Allergy rare

4

4. Meadowsweet

Filipendula ulmaria
Rosaceae
Aerial parts

Actions:
Antacid, antiinlfammatory, mild urinary antiseptic, astringent

Indications:
Gastric ulcer, dyspepsia, hyperacidity, heartburn, diarrhoea, IBs

Contraindications:
None known
salicylate sensitivity

5

5. Hyssop

Hyssopus officinalis
Labiatae
Aerial parts

Actions:
Expectorant, diaphoretic, sedative, carminative

Indications:
Bronchitis, chronic nasal catarrh, common cold
Hysteria, anxiety
Petit mal

Contraindications:
None known

6

6. Chamomile

Matricaria recutita
Asteraceae
Flower

Actions:
Antiinflammatory, spasmolytic, carminative, mild sedative, antiulcer, vulnerary, diaphoretic

Indications:
GI spasm, IBs, flatulence, bloating
Infantile colic, anxiety, travel sickness, diarrhoea, restlessness

Contrindications:
Known allergy (Asteraceae)
Tea can reduce iron absorption

7

7. Lemon balm

Melissa officinalis
Labiatae
Aerial parts

Actions:
Carminative, spasmolytic, mild sedative, diaphoretic, TsH antagonist, antiviral (topically)

Indications:
Infantile colic, indigestion, flatulence, tenseness, irritability, functional GIT complaints

Contraindications:
None known

8

8. Peppermint

Mentha piperita
Labiatae
Leaf

Actions:
spasmolytic, carminative, analgesic, antipruritic
Cholagogue, antiemetic, antitussive
Antimicrobial, mild sedative, diaphoretic

Indications:
Non-ulcer dyspepsia, bloating, flatulence, gastritis, enteritis, GI, gallbladder & bile duct spastic complaints
Nausea, vomiting, morning sickness

Contraindications:
Oeophageal reflux (lowrs sphincter pressure)
salicylate sensitivity, aspirin induced asthma & gallstones
Tea can reduce iron absorption

9

9. Aniseed

Pimpinella anisum
Apiaceae/Umbelliferaw
Fruit (seed)

Actions:
Antimicrobia;, antispasmodic, expectorant, carminative

Indications:
Dyspepsic conditions
Resp catarrh

Contraindications:
None known
Allergy
Oestrogenic activity - may affect hormone therapy (OCP, HRT) in excessive doses

10

10. Thyme

Thymus vulgaris
Labiatae
Leaf

Actions:
Expectorant, spasmolytic, antibacterial, antifungal, antioxidant, antimicrobial, rubefacient

Indications:
stomachitis, halitosis, dyspepsia, chronic gastritis colic, flatulence, diarrhoea

Contraindications:
None known
Allergy

11

11. slippery elm

Ulmus fulva
Ulmaceae
Bark (inner)

Actions:
Demulcent, nutrient, emollient, antitussive

Indications:
Inflammation or ulceration of stomach or duodenum
Convalescence, colitis, diarrhoea

Contraindications:
None known
Caution in severe constipation
May interfere w pharmaceuticals (muscilage)- separate by 2hrs

12

12. Ginger

Zingiber officinalis
Zingiberaceae
Rhizome

Actions:
Carminative, antiemetic, spasmolytic, peripheral circulatory stimulant, antiplatelet, diaphoretic, digestive stimulant

Indications:
Prophylaxis & treatment of nausea & vomiting from motion sickness & postoperative
Drug induced nausea, dyspepsia, colic, flatulent dyspepsia, cramping

Contraindications:
Gallstones (except under close supervision)
TCM dried ginger cautiously in pregnancy
Caution in peptic ulceration, reflux or other gastric diseases
May incease absorption of meds - separate doses
High dose may thin the blood
Do not exceed 2g dried ginger in pregnancy