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Flashcards in Active/ Inactive Ingredients Deck (22)
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1

Inactive ingredient-

It’s put into a product to benefit the product and make it more appealing to the consumer.
Aka color, frangrances, thickners, preservatives.

2

Active Ingredients

Also known as performance ingredients

Put into the product to benefit the skin.
Ex: lavender, chamomile, seaweed, or collagen.

3

True or false
Cosmeutical companies must have ingredient listings on the package or on a insert or must be made easily available to the consumer.

True

4

Product ingredient labels

Ingredients are listed from highest to lowest concentrations

Commonly you will find water is the number one ingredient.

5

Active ingredient

These ingredients are listed separately because they are classified as a drug.

O.T.C stands for over the counter meaning no prescription required.

6

Inactives

Binders
Colorants
Frangrances
Preservatives
Solvents “dissolve”
Surfactants
Vehicles

7

Actives

Antioxidants
Cleansers
eMollients
Healing agents
Humectants
Lubricants

8

Binders (inactive)

Substance such as glycerin that holds products together.

9

Colorants (inactive)

Substances such as artificial pigment or mineral dyes that give products their color.

10

Fragrances (inactive)

Can come from a mineral, animal, or plant sources. These perfumes give products their scent.

11

Preservatives

Chemical agents that inhibit the growth of microorganisms in cosmetic formulations.

The shelf life of an average product is 3 years. Unopened with proper storage.

12

Solvents ( inactive)

A substance or substances that dissolve other substances to form a solution

Water is known as the universal solvent

Organic substances are not soluble in water

13

Surfactants (inactive)

Surface (active) agents that reduce surface tension between the skin and the product to increase product spreadability.

Detergents and silicone are common ingredients that act as surfactants

14

Vechicles

Spreading agents and ingredients that carry or deli ever other ingredients into the skin and make them more effective

15

Antioxidants

Free radial scavengers
Substances that inhibit oxidation reactions, capable of neutralizing oxidation reaction.

Electron donors***

Vitamin A, C, E
Black tea
Green tea
White tea
Yeast
Pomegranate extract
Açaí

16

Free radicals

Unstable oxygen molecule that contributes to the break down of healthy tissue

Electron takers**

17

Free radical producing substances

Carbon monoxide
Smoking
Radiation\uv
Grilled meat/chard

18

Cleansers

Soaps and detergents that clean the skin

19

Emollients

Fatty materials used lubricate and softens the skin

20

Healing agents
Active

Substances such as zinc, chamomile, licorice, azulene, aloe that heal the skin.

21

Humectants

Ingredients with water loving (hydrophilic) molecules that attract water to the skins surface

22

Lubricants

Coats the skin and reduces the friction