Acts, Tariffs, People, and Other Events Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Acts, Tariffs, People, and Other Events Deck (15)
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1

Alexander Hamilton

1757-1804
Federalists and elitist who wanted America to have strong National Government to unify it.

2

Henry Clay

1777-1852
Whig, War Hawk, and the Great Compromiser. Wrote the Compromise of 1850 and the Missouri Compromise

3

XYZ affair

1797 and 1798
American government turned against France and started the Quasi-War

4

Alien and Sedition act

1801
Under John Adams, lengthened the time it took to become a citizen and made it illegal to criticize the government

5

Marbury vs Madison

1803, under Jefferson
Extended the power of the Supreme court to deem laws unconstitutional

6

Louisiana Purchase

1804-1806, under Jefferson
Jefferson bought the land from Napoleon for $15 million dollars and doubled the size of the country (although he had no official power to do this), ensuring that every white man would have his own small farm.

7

The Embargo

Jefferson imposed the embargo to punish British for impressment. The theory was that the British were so dependent on America for goods that if the US stopped trade with them, British would stop impressing. The idea was that the Americans would then trade its primary products for British manufactured goods. However, this did not work because British were too busy fighting the French.

8

Missouri Compromise

1819
Written by Henry Clay, it addressed the issue of Missouri joining the union. Created the 36 30 line of latitude, made Maine a free state, balanced the Senate

9

Monroe Doctrine

Written by John Quincy Adams, it proposed that Europe should stop colonizing other places and that US would have no party in fighting in future European wars.

10

Tariff of Abominations

designed to protect Northern US industry by taxing by taxing foreign goods. This raised the cost of living in the South. This helped seal his loss to Jackson.

11

Indian Removal Act of 1830

government provided funds to relocate Indians from Georgia, North Carolina, Mississippi, and Alabama. The tribes sued the government, but the Supreme Court ruled that it was okay.

12

Panic of 1837

the economy collapses due to inflation.

13

Texas Annexation Bill

March 1, 1845, signed by John Tyler

14

Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo

(1848) is signed, under which Mexico confirmed the annexation of Texas and further ceded California, as well as several other places that would later become states.

15

Compromise of 1850

4 part plan devised by Henry Clay addressing issues about slavery
1. California would be admitted as a free state
2. The slave trade, but not slavery, would be outlawed in Washington D.C.
3. New Fugitive Slave Act would be enacted
4. Popular Sovereignty