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Flashcards in Additional Helpful Info Deck (14):
1


Rules for plural endings of nouns ending in:

-s, -x, -z

 


No change to ending of word

2

Rules for plural endings of nouns ending in:

-eau, -ieu


Ending becomes -eaux, -ieux

3

Rules for plural endings of nouns ending in:

-al, -ail


Ending becomes -aux

4


Guidelines for

Gender of Masculine Nouns

(there are exceptions!)

    Words ending in: 

-eau, -isme, -ment, -eur

  Nouns borrowed from other languages  

Names of languages

Final t, n, d, and s, are silent in the masculine form.

5

Guidelines for

Gender of Feminine Nouns

(there are exceptions!)

Words ending in:

-ence, -tion, -sion, -ie, -ure, -ette, -té

Final t, n, d, and s when followed by -e are pronounced in the feminine form.

6


Adverbs that typically come right after the verb:

toujours (always)

souvent (often)

quelquefois (sometimes)

rarement (rarely)

 

Adverbs that usually come before the verb:

en général (in general)

maintenant (now)

7


c'est / ce sont

Followed by:

* noun, including modified nouns

(ex.  C'est un grande homme.)

* proper noun

(ex. C'est Pierre.)

*disjunctive pronoun

(ex.  Allô Sophie?  C'est moi.)

*an infinitive as subject

(ex. Vivre, c'est parler français.)

*adjective for non-specific referents

(ex.  C'est magnifique!)

 

 

8

il / elle est

or

ils / elles sont

Followed by:

*adjective alone

(ex.  Il est intelligent.)

*nationality, occupation, religion

(used as adjectives in French)

(ex.  Elle est étudiante.)

9


Rules for masculine and feminine adjectives:

- if / - ive

- é / - ée

- consonant / - e

- e / (no change)

- eux / - euse

- oux / - ouse

- vowel / e

- eur / - rice

- en / -enne

10


 à with la / le / les

à + le = au

à + les = aux

à + la = à la

à + l' = à l'

11

de with la / le / les

de + le = du

de + les = des

de + la = de la

de + l' = de l'

12

Adjectives that always precede the noun:

autre (other)

chaque (each, every)

dernier / dernière (last)

grand / grande (big, tall; great)

jeune (young)

joli / jolie (pretty)

petit / petite (small, little)

premier / première (first)

 

 

13

Adjectives that usually precede the noun:

ancien / ancienne (old; former)

beau / belle (beautiful, handsome)

bon / bonne (good)

cher / chère (dear; expensive)

faux / fausse (false)

gentil / gentille (nice, kind)

gros / grosse (large; fat; thick)

long / longue (long)

mauvais / mauvaise (bad)

pauvre (poor, unfortunate)

vieux / vieil / vielle (old)

vrai / vraie (true)

14

Possessive adjectives:

(masculine / feminine / plural)

my:  mon / ma / mes

your (inf.):  ton / ta / tes

his / her / its / ones:  son / sa / ses

our:  notre / notre / nos

your (formal & plural):  votre / votre / vos

their:  leur / leur / leurs

 

mon / ton / son are used before feminine nouns beginning with a vowel or silent h