Flashcards in Additional Questions Deck (45):
What is a prokaryotic cell?
Basic cell found in bacteria
Lacking organelles and a nucleus
What is a eukaryotic cell?
More complex cell found in fungi, plant, and animal cells
Has specialized functions
What is the food mass called after it leaves the stomach?
What is the food mass called after it leaves the mouth?
What is the name of the ring of muscles that controls food entry into the stomach?
The gastroesophagal sphincter
Where is bile made?
Where is bile stored before it enters the duodenum?
What is the function of bile?
Bile is needed for the digestion and absorption of fats
What enzyme is active in the stomach?
What structures release pepsinogen in the stomach?
List, in order the three parts of the small intestine
Duodenum, jejunum and ileum
What is Hypertonic?
High concentration of water
An area of low concentration
Equal areas of concentration in both sides
Where does protein digestion take place?
In the stomach and duodenum
What chemicals are needed for protein digestion?
Pepsin, Trypsin and Erepsin
Where does fat digestion take place?
In the stomach and duodenum
What chemicals are required for fat digestion?
HCl, Bile, Pancreatic Lipase, and Intestinal Lipase
Define mechanical digestion
Involves physically breaking down food into smaller pieces
Define chemical digestion
Decomposing material by the action of enzymes and bacteria
Technical term for platelets is...?
What is atherosclerosis?
When plaque builds up in the arteries
When plaque builds up in the coronary arteries
What are the three components of blood?
Red blood cells, plasma, and the Buffy coat
What is in plasma?
Water, salt, enzymes, antibodies and proteins
Technical name for red blood cells?
Name two possible causes of abnormally alkaline urine?
High levels of ammonia or a UTI
Water leaves the nephron from these three places?
Glomerulus, Loop of Henle and the DCT
The GE opening is controlled by...?
The cardiac sphincter
What makes Lactose?
Glucose and Galactose
What is the function of the Krypts of Lieberkuhn?
Digestive glands that release intestinal juice.
What is the function of cuboidal cells?
They increase the absorption area of nutrients
What element is found in every organic molecule?
How many bonds can carbon form?
What is the name for 10 monosaccharides bonded together?
What are proteins made up of?
What factors increase blood pressure?
Burst blood vessels
What is a heart attack?
The result of coronary heart disease. When a portion of the heart dies because of plaque buildup and blood clots.
What are the 4 types of blood?
Which blood type is the universal donor?
Which blood type is the universal recipient?
What makes the pulmonary artery different different from all the other arteries?
The pulmonary artery pumps deoxygenated blood to the lungs to become oxygenated
Where does the carbon dioxide in the blood come from?
Carbon dioxide is a by-product of cellular respiration.
What is the resting heart rate of the average person?
60 to 100 beats per minute