Cardiovascular System Flashcards Preview

Grade 11 Bio > Cardiovascular System > Flashcards

Flashcards in Cardiovascular System Deck (19):
1

Heart

Central muscle of cardiovascular system

2

Blood

The fluid medium of the cardiovascular system

Liquid connective tissue

3

Blood vessels

Network of hollow tube like structures that connect to the heart and other organs of the body

4

Arteries

Carry blood away from the heart

Able to withstand high amounts of pressure

5

Veins

Carry blood back to the heart
More flexible than arteries which reduces resistance to the flow of blood

6

Capillaries

Tiny blood vessels made up of one thick layer of epithelial cells

Where nutrient and gas exchanges happen

7

Pulmonary circulation

Blood circulation between heart and lungs

8

Systemic circulation

Blood flow between the heart and the rest of the body

9

Aorta

Transports oxygen rich blood to the other arteries in the body

10

Brachiocephalic trunk

An arch where the aorta branches into the carotid arteries

11

Carotid arteries

Supply blood to head and neck

12

Verletral arteries

Supplies blood to the to spinal cord

13

Arteries in the arms:

Subclavian, axillary, brachial, radical and ulnar

14

Coronary arteries

Supply blood to heart

15

Celiac trunk

Abdominal branch of the aorta

16

Hepatic artery

Supplies blood to liver

17

Gastric artery

Provides blood to stomach

18

Mesenteric arteries

Supply blood to small and large intestines

19

Arteries in the legs

Iliac and femoral